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Newland Gloucestershire

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posted by alias jmc4 - Church Explorer on Friday 24th of July 2020 06:57:02 PM

Church of All Saints, Newland Gloucestershire predated its settlement. King John appointed Robert of Wakering[email protected]/64AfuD as its rector in 1216 to start a parish here. Long before village houses were built a small area of Royal woodland was cleared to provide a place for a small church. Gradually houses appeared to form the settlement of “Woodend” later renamed Newland. Royal interest continued, Henry III licensed Robert to assart 12 acres of land near it and in 1221 and 1223 gave him oaks from the Forest to continue the building work, including his house and fuel for his fire. The formation of the parish was well underway by the start of the 13c and by 14c isolated communities from all over the Forest of Dean joined the newly created parish. Subsequent building in c1332 & 15c greatly enlarged the church, The upper stages of the late 13c tower are of the late 14c / early 15c . The right to tithes were given to the bishop of Llandaff in 1305 by Edward l on condition a chantry was established dedicated to St Edward the Confessor for the benefit of the king and his ancestors - called King Edward's service, it continued until the dissolution of chantries in 1548, when the chantry priest was said to be required to assist the vicar in his duties when necessary. A chantry dedicated to the Virgin Mary had been established in the church c1415 possibly by John Greyndour who owned mines in Noxon, with income from lands and rents. In 1548, when its endowment was worth £7 17s. 6d. a year, the priest was required as part of his duties to visit the forges and mines in the parish twice a week and read the Gospel there. In 1446 Joan Greyndour founded a chantry for the benefit of her late husband Robert and other members of his and her families. It was housed in the family chapel of St. John the Baptist and St. Nicholas and endowed with over 200 acres of land in Newland and Lydney, including the house called Blackbrook as the priest's residence. There are many monuments here : Forester, Jenkyn (John) Wyrall 1457 brought in from the churchyard;[email protected]/38WDfw The c1375 tomb of Sir John Joyce / Joce 1344 & wife Joan of Clearwell Castle,;[email protected]/fxAU77 An incised figure of a 17c century bowman forester[email protected]/UUJ7j0 An unknown prior[email protected]/1Z092Y & a headless effigy of a woman. The most famous memorial, however, is a funerary brass of Robert Greyndour 1443 & wife Joan Rugge[email protected]/c4F6F7 who stand below the "Minors Brass"[email protected]/1t3PU3 The last one of note is to John Hopkins Probyn 1773 who as heir to his uncle Sir Edmund Probyn 1742 added the name of Probyn[email protected]/2Eaq65 A charity founded by William Jones in 1615 and administered by the Haberdashers' Company supported a lecturer to give sermons. Unfortunately, the church was in poor condition by mid 19c and a major restoration under William White in 1861-63 saw the roof rebuilt at a higher level, and the chancel arch enlarged. The north-east vestry was demolished, and a west gallery, probably that installed in 1686, a gallery pew in the north chapel, and other post-medieval fittings were removed A medieval cross in the churchyard was restored in the memory of Margaret Birt in 1864. Picture with thanks - copyright Andy Stott CCL

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  • Published 05.25.22
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