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25 Years Ago in the Mid-'90s: Dirty culture wars and ethnic warfare was unleashed on the people Georgia. Opinion, Marietta Daily Journal, Saturday, December 2nd, 1995.

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posted by Leo Frank alias Leo Max Frank on Sunday 10th of May 2020 04:00:08 PM

[Leo Frank Flickr Museum & Gallery Curator Commentary in Brackets, The Spring, 2020: Introducing the source of reporting for this kerfuffle. Established in 1866, the Marietta Daily Journal (MDJ) is at present (2020) the city of Marietta's oldest and most prominent newspaper in that locale conveniently situated at the suburban perimeter of metro Atlanta. For more information about the MJD visit and feel free sign up for their affordable online news service to save some trees. They are widely regarded as one of the best sources for local and area updates. Northeast from the capital, Marietta is located in the central hub of Cobb County, Georgia. The population as of 2019 was estimated to be just over 60,000 residents, making it the fourth largest of Atlanta's suburbs (Source:,_Georgia). When a Rabbi and a city councilman give new life and meaning to the archaic word 'Skullduggery': For our international students of the Leo Frank case, this 1995 MDJ article clipping was submitted recently in the month May of 2020, thusly marking the 25th anniversary of a little known skirmish over the insensitive and abusive replacement of a demagogical propaganda sign-post in a prominent location inside the gates of the old Marietta city cemetery. The outcome of this anti-Gentile episode created ethnic strife in that neck of the woods and racial hostility in the region where a slim majority of the population is African-American (Leo Frank attempted unsuccessfully to entrap two black employees at the National Pencil Company for the gruesome criminal offense). The official placement of historic sign-posts on public or government land should not be furtively organized by secret societies and privy agitators in quasi-confidential backroom deals involving corrupt politicians who ensure fast-track placement. The official placement of historic sign-posts on communal land legally requires a process of transparency, beginning with public announcements, followed by open dialogue at public government building rooms, with feedback from residents of the community in those face-to-face forums. Replacing the original and more factually correct sign-post, the newer, politically correct sign-post was swapped out in a quasi-legalistic manner on a moonless midnight in the autumn of 1995, after an improperly held assembly of city councilpersons was conducted clandestinely, and without due process of rules or regulations. These types of quasi-legalistic shenanigans are the unprincipled maneuvers that have been utilized since 1913 with regards to establishing a doctrinal portrayal of Leo Frank as a civil right icon, whose wrongful conviction is attributed to anti-Semitism. The apparent goal of the political bullying at the time of this anti-Gentile episode couldn't have been more apparent to everyone familiar with the facts of the case. The ordeal was a sly attempt by Jewish activists living in Cobb county to further overwhelm the placid neighborhood with a domineering force of legalistic maneuvering, utilizing local government power, to reassert who in an ongoing capacity controls history's "authoritative narration" about this murder-revenge scandal. Furthermore, the attainment and staying power of the newer and contrived metal plant in the aftermath of controversy, was another major stepping stone in helping to diminish the significance and public perception surrounding the underdeveloped, 1986-pardon of Leo M. Frank. Thus at least for at least the time being, and until the best timing approaches in the years ahead, when total victory is anticipated at hand, it will arrive, with the right crooked Governor of Georgia, and just enough corrupt sitting members of the general assembly in place at the capital, to get a decisive majority vote on the final status of Leo Frank. This out-with-the-old and in-with-the-new, was a milestone achievement in a much longer strategic game, a multi-lifetime mobilization to get the state of Georgia to formally declare a miscarriage of justice with respect to the jury's conclusion, hearkening back 107 years ago into the last week of August 1913 at Leo Frank's trial for his life. and to annul that unanimous decision of the jurymen at the Fulton County Superior Court who rendered their final decision on a fellow peer with no mercy. Using a cemetery for these ulterior designs is the epitome of garish by all objective standards, but putting the prominent sign next to the grave of the very child who was molested, and asphyxiated by a serial pedophile is the epitome of ghoulish. The historic marker continues to be a thorn in the side of the placid community. The Phagan family in dismay and grief had no choice but to put up a sign next to Mary's grave (the grave had been vandalized) to provide some palliative clarity against the backdrop of soulless Rabbi Steven Lebow's and heartless Philip Goldstein's disgusting maneuver on behalf of Jewry. Many Jews in the greater area, including myself, were appalled by the callous display of using the Phagan family plot as a device to rehabilitate the convicted sex Killer, Leo Frank, using the deceit of removing the previous mention that his pardon did not officially exonerate him of the crime. The tasteless Lebow-Philip historical marker continues to be an embarrassing display, especially now that everyone on the Internet knows how the sign came about in 1995 via subterfuge and what it is trying to conceal. The contention appears to be over whether or not the public should be made aware that evidence presented to a government tribunal in Atlanta in the 1980s concerning Leo Frank's 1913 child-strangling conviction, did not rise to the level of warranting his acknowledgment of innocence, when Georgia's pardon and paroles board addressed the issue of his guilt between 1982-1986. It was a lot of hullabaloo about a long-forgotten case ("Leo who?" was the most common response by the non-senior-citizen folks at the time) and it wound up being an anti-climatic affair in its conclusion, but it started a new fire that is still burning to this very day with a 2019 Atlanta 'Conviction Integrity Unit' (C.I.U) having been constituted on April 26th of that year. Flashback to 86' Although the outcome was anti-Climatic, inadvertently fresh new wounds were opened when the Georgia Board of Pardon's and Paroles made the decision to "compromise-pardon" Leo Frank on March 11th, 1986, with a *wink-wink* caveat that flustered the Jewish community. The incident had the embarrassing sheen of an undercooked "participation award" that one might receive at the special Olympics or a "woke" social justice conference on reducing the hours of a workweek from 40 to 35, but it ultimately lacked the vindicative substance that had been aggressively sought for more than 70 years. Leo Max Frank was issued a posthumous "pardon" on a technicality, but that March 11th, 1986 decision did not officially change the August 25th, 1913 trial jury's verdict of guilt rendered against him, which included capital punishment by way of "hanging from the neck until dead". The State of Georgia as of this writing in 2020 still recognizes Leo Frank as being the culprit with malice aforethought for the crime of placing a rope around Mary Phagan's neck and choking her until she died from terminal brain damage caused by hypoxia. I present this reader submission here to elucidate, the now 107-year conflict that has been smoldering under the surface of a happy-placid community. One where Jews and Gentiles have been intermarrying in Georgia since the 19th century, but the Frank case seemingly causes them lingering disparities of sympathies underneath the veneer. Georgia's Phagan family has endured much grief over the grand-scale of their multigenerational lives since 1913, they recently created a family website: hopefully people can come together in these times of division for dialogue, not unilateral political machinations. End of Curator Commentary.] Contribution: Unnecessary Jewish-Gentile Conflict in the American South: Anti-Gentile Political Bullying, Jewish Supremacist Bigotry and chauvinistic Ethnoreligious Activism in Marietta, Georgia, Circa 1994 -- 1995, an ongoing challenge over the Leo Frank scandal since 1913. In the mid-1990s, there was a firestorm of controversy in the leafy suburbs of metro-Atlanta over the wording on a prominent historical monument-sign that was mounted atop an industrial-strength steel pole of several feet in height, planted at the Old Marietta City Cemetery. It was placed there to educate visitors about the connotation of a burial site belonging to a little girl named Mary Anne Phagan (born on June 1st, 1899 -- death April 26, 1913) who had been the molestation and strangling victim of then-29-years-old pedophile sex-killer, Leo Max Frank (April 17, 1884 -- August 17, 1915). Frank was a sweatshop operator of an industrial machine shop in downtown Atlanta Georgia where pencils were assembled and he was prominent in the city's Jewish community, and arguably the most important Jew serving as B'nai B'rith President of Georgia from 1912-1914. The ADL -- Anti-Defamation League, organized as a subcommittee by the International Order of B'nai B'rith, was said to have been galvanized in its founding over the adverse outcome of his notorious trial. Rehabilitating Frank's conviction and reputation as a pervert has been the raison d'etre of ADL since 1913, and they continue to agitate on his behalf every August 17th, the lynching anniversary. In 1987, one year after Frank was "pardoned", the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith dropped B'nai B'rith from its protracted name and became simply, A.D.L. True Crime: The Case of Mary Phagan Phagan was sexually assaulted by Leo Frank at minutes past noon on April 26, 1913, in a dingy manufacturing department of his factory, he presumably strangled her to death so that she wouldn't be unable to report to the police and her family the incident of the proposition, rejection, aggravated and forceable sodomy that ensued. It didn't take long for the police detectives to figure out Leo Frank was a pervy deviant chasing after the littlest of kids (Mary Phagan was only 4'11" tall), when they tracked down former child workers, some of whom told the cops he had a predilection for sexually harassing the pre-pubescent and teenage laborers toiling away at his sweatshop. Less than a month after the rape-lynching of the little Phagan child it was found out that Frank enlisted his African-American janitor, James "Jim" Conley to help dispose of the freshly-killed cadaver. "To throw the dogs off the trail" of where and how Phagan had been slain, Leo Frank saw to it that her body was mutilated, by way of it being dragged 140-feet across the hard earthen-floor of the National Pencil Company's basement. It was an attempt to conceal the fact that Phagan had been originally killed on the office floor two stories above. Investigators Find Out Leo Frank's Factory Boss Reputation "Reputation is how generally the public thinks and perceives you to be, character is what you really are" -- an old Georgian adage. During their investigations, and gathering statements, it didn't take police detectives and government officials much time to find out Frank's true character. Using the Atlanta City Directory catalogs from 1909 to 1913 as guides for tracking people down, the sleuths during their successive interviews with NPCo. factory employees, some of whom had been formerly employed there, and many who had presently worked at the National Pencil Company at the time, were saying Frank was taking certain liberties with his young sweatshop laborers. Some claimed he had touched them inappropriately or seem him touch others in an untoward manner, others claimed he tried to get them to engage in prostitution when they came to collect weekly wages on Saturdays. To paraphrase, "A touchy, leery, pervert", 20 girls testify to Frank's unmistakeable salacious behavior. At the trial of Leo M. Frank, 20 girls testified his character for lasciviousness was bad. L.M. Frank had been seen regularly managing the factory by walking around and inspecting production and process, which is to be expected, but what was uncalled for, was that when he was showing the girls how to do their jobs at their work stations, he would sometimes come up behind them (Joe Biden style), a little bit too close for comfort, placing his hands on their shoulders. He had also sexually harassed the young teenage girls working for him by opening up the door to their women's dressing room (Here's Johnny!) and peering inside while they were changing their clothes. Frank's defenders would use the excuse that he did that to make sure they weren't loafing or flirting with boys out the windows, but that was just a ruse. The factory girl's working on the fourth floor of the National Pencil Company also saw him take teenage forewoman Rebecca Carsen into that same dressing room 3 to 4 times a week, when the room was empty, presumably for intimate liaisons (to use the slang, "nooners"). It was considered scandalous among the gossiping employees, because Frank was married to Lucille Selig, daughter of a prominent German-Jewish Southern family, whose maternal-line had founded the first synagogue in Georgia, via Levi Cohen in the 1800s. German Jews were very highly regarded in the South, but when Russian Jews started to immigrate they had given both native Jews and Gentiles a bad impression. Lewd, and Licentious Lascivious Behavior Leo Frank had developed a reputation for lasciviousness among numerous of his sweatshop child laborers. Every Saturday at noon was the regularly scheduled day employees would go to Leo Frank's business office at the front of the National Pencil Company's second floor for receiving their paychecks. At a coroner's inquest with 6-sworn jurymen, held by the State medical examiner Paul Donehoo, 4-days after the discovery of Phagan's dead body, factory employees were questioned under oath. Some of those employees discussed how they had been sexually harassed by Leo Frank, who was making sexual innuendos and offering them money for sex when they went to collect their paychecks. One girl described how Leo Frank slyly touched her breast. Georgia Supreme Court Appellate Review During the Georgia Supreme Court appeals of Frank's 1913 summer trial, those who had testified during that courtroom ordeal, provided affidavits describing the post-trial subornation of perjury they had witnessed upon themselves, and specifically how Leo Frank's defense team tried to bribe them to repudiate their former trial testimony to help the cause of his appeals. They also restated their knowledge that Leo Frank knew Mary Phagan quite well, calling her Mary on several occasions, and harassing her at the workstation where she inserted erasers into the brass caps of pencils. The 150-something pages of affidavits responding to Leo Frank's appeals in the GA Supreme Court records are a multidimensional testament to the criminal activity Leo Frank's defenders are willing to go through to rehabilitate his reputation and character. Leo Frank's enablers have continued their perfidy hence, even a century later, they are still up to their dirty tricks. Their latest game is getting as many University professors and journalists as possible, to write articles that Leo Frank is innocent to trick the public into thinking there is a new consensus that Leo Frank was framed. The Old Marietta City Cemetery, Marietta, Georgia, USA The Phagan family plot was first purchased and owned by W.J. Phagan, Little Mary's grandfather. The young murder-victim was interred in a grave at this historic 19th century-founded burial park on Tuesday, April 28th, 1913, with several hundred community members, journalists, and spectators present at the time. She became a contemporary symbol of the pain and suffering that many kids of grinding poverty had to endure as child laborers, toiling 55-hour to 60-hour work-weeks in Atlanta's industrial sweatshops and mills. These children often endured humiliating wages, high levels of sexual harassment, and appalling work environments. Mary Phagan's Grave A tombstone at the head of her burial plot was donated by Confederate Veterans June 25th, 1915, and in 1933 a marble slab inscribed with an indelible tribute was placed over her grave--the engraving of the epitaph was a dedication to Mary Phagan written decades prior by a former U.S. Congressman from Georgia, Tom Watson, who had passed away in 1922 while serving in the U.S. Senate. The highly visible metal plaque was placed in the 1990s, it was just a stone's throw away from the Phagan family plot, which is a popular tourist attraction because of the notoriety of this true-crime. The good people of Marietta are called upon to organize themselves against the Jewish supremacists in town, and get thet sign changed to one that is more factually accurate and politically neutral. The First Version of the Sign was This: Here are the words for the first sign which supposedly is held in Marietta History Museum, but not made public there, except on rare occasions. Mary Phagan Celebrated in song as "Little Mary Phagan" after her murder on Confederate Memorial Day, 1913, in Atlanta. Grave marked by CSA veterans in 1915. Tribute by Tom Watson set 1933. Leo Frank, sentenced to hang, granted clemency before lynching August 17, 1915. His 1986 pardon is based on States's failure to protect him/apprehend killers, not Frank's innocence. --End of first sign text. Notice the first version of the Mary Phagan history sign factually clarifies that Leo Frank was posthumously pardoned on a technicality, not because there was evidence of his innocence. Cunning Jewish activist members of the city council in Marietta were not happy with this accurate legalistic clarification. It enabled the public to be informed that Leo Frank was still officially guilty under the law of Georgia, and this was a major setback for the fact Jewish activists had been building an artificial consensus in the media and academy over many generations to falsely convince everyone Leo Frank was not only supposedly innocent as an opinion, but he was also wrongfully convicted, and therefore not actually guilty, even though he was duly tried for the Phagan rape-murder. Both appellate tribunals, the State and Federal Supreme Courts, ruled there were no technical errors at Leo Frank's trial in their majority decisions. He had been given a fair trial and duly convicted. Moreover, the Georgia Supreme Court ruled the evidence and testimony at the trial of Leo Frank sustained his guilty verdict. These are facts Jewish activists do not want to become public knowledge in their efforts to get him exonerated. 1982-1986, the Cosmetic Posthumous Pardon of Leo Frank The Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith (ADL), Atlanta Jewish Federation (AJF) and American Jewish Committee (AJC) spent enormous financial resources on lawyers, backroom wheeling-and-dealing, and political bullying to get Leo Frank posthumously pardoned, but it was an embarrassing setback for the Jewish community because the Georgia Board of Pardon's and Paroles was clear in their written decision that they were not addressing the issue of his guilt or innocent, thereby making his status of guilt, maintained officially. More than 100 years after the murder of Mary Phagan, the sodomitic strangler is still considered guilty in the eyes of the law Family Seeking Justice For Mary Phagan At the time, the family of Mary Phagan contested the machinations of the local Jewish community who were using the imprimatur of the local government for pushing the broader and manufactured orthodoxy on the Leo M. Frank true-crime affair, that he was framed. Since 1913, the Leo Frank case has been a cause celebre of the Jewish community, who have been agitating in the media, academy, and government institutions for his eventual vindication, even though, as Steve Oney has, recently, to paraphrase, said there is no new evidence on the case to have come forth in his behalf. Here is the text of the second iteration of the sign: Celebrated in song as "Little Mary Phagan" after her murder at age 13 on April 26, 1913 in Atlanta. The trial and conviction of Leo Frank were controversial, as was the commutation of his death sentence four days before confederate veterans marked her grave on June 25, 1915. He was abducted from prison and lynched August 17, 1915. In 1986, he was issued a pardon. --end of the second iteration of the sign. "PSYOP" - Psychological Operation? The people of Marietta, especially its veteran citizens of the U.S. military considered the city council's clandestine change a "PSYOP" - "Psychological Operation" of sneaky, subtle, linguistic manipulation, through the use of local government's gravitas. In less verbose words, members of the Jewish community were using its coreligionist city council members to hold secret meetings behind closed doors (when those meetings are required by law to be transparent and announced publicly) to modify the historical message on the said plaque. With little to no notice (except amongst themselves and leading Jewish communal associates), they changed the plaque in the middle of the night without the knowledge of the local populace, and it was only when people started noticing the dramatic change, was a protest launched. The contention which arose at the time was over the major alteration of statements on said marker (a prior version was replaced with new contrived text) and what it communicated to the populace was an attempt to play on the naivety of the public. Most people do not know the pardon of Leo Frank was cosmetic only in that it did not exculpate him of the unspeakable crime he committed. The White Supremacist Racist Framing of African-American Jim Conley The descendants of murder victim Mary Phagan, were incensed because the wording presented to the public was using political trickery and social deception based on the Jewish community's designs, whose academic, religious and leadership have been promoting the racist falsehood that the White man Leo Frank was innocent of sexually assaulting and strangling to death Mary Phagan, and Jim Conley, an African-American man and admitted accessory-after-the-fact was the real culprit, who acted alone. Though no reliable evidence has ever been presented to indicate Jim Conley committed the murder, let alone by himself. Only hoaxes and frauds have been introduced over the last century by Leo Frank's coreligionists and defenders to mendaciously implicate Jim Conley, which is a twisted irony, because it was Jim Conley and a 14-year-old White girl named Monteen Stover who helped the police crack the case and solve that slaying, rather effectively. Falsely Accused, Wrongfully Convicted, Wantonly Murdered So says the August 17th, 1995, plaque placed on a wall by Rabbi Steven Lebow, onto the side of a brick building formerly near where Leo Frank was lynched. The VPI corporation building was condemned in 2014 to make way for an I-75 onramp, now the Peach Pass Express Lane, currently where the mature oak tree was rooted -- said one local resident. Big Chicken looms high and powerful in the distance. Members of the Jewish community were unhappy with the first version of the cemetery plaque because it provided factual and legalistic information that Leo Frank was not officially absolved by the State of Georgia for his crime of sexually assaulting and strangling to death 13-years old Mary Anne Phagan (born June 1st, 1899) on April 26, 1913. So Jewish members of the community at the city counsel pandered to a small but highly vocal segment of the Marietta citizenry to change the wording to only say he was issued a pardon, because most people think that if someone is pardoned, it means they are no longer guilty of the crime, when in fact the Georgia Board of Pardon's and Paroles, stated in writing their 1986 posthumous pardon of Leo Frank did not, in fact, officially absolve him of the homicide he was convicted for. Residents of the city, want to remain anonymous, because powerful anti-Gentile and smear-mongering Jewish groups were prominent in pressuring the political leadership at the Capital to posthumously pardon Leo Frank, when the pardon itself was illegal, due to the fact he was not alive to receive it and a pardon requires that a person be alive to accept or deny it (see: Georgia Appeals Court Judge Randall Evan's statement presented in the gallery archive.) The manipulative term "anti-Semitism" has become a despicable epithet intentionally used to create an unsuitable environment of high emotions, making it difficult to have productive dialogue between Jews and Gentiles. Anonymous long-time natives of the city agree the watered-down sign change was done for deceitful and divisive purposes, without dialogue among diverse community members of different faiths, ethnicities, backgrounds, and races (including African Americans who know full well Frank tried to frame a Black guy and so they naturally do not appreciate the guileful change). "It was just done in our opinion to dupe the public into believing Frank was innocent and signifies that the Jewish Community will do anything to accomplish their goal of erasing inconvenient facts of history!" said one unnamed platinum-aged resident, who feels that Jews and Gentiles have had warm relations in matters of business and intimacy (interfaith marriages are common) for as far as the eyes can see, going back in time. Of all the regions of the United States, Jewish assimilation was highest in the American South. The charge by the ADL and Jewish supremacists that Anti-Semitism was rampant in the early 20th-century is an ethnic and racist hoax. This sentiment was the shared and prevailing feeling among residents when asked about the hot controversy in 2020. An anonymous resident who is in a happy interfaith marriage (officiated by Rabbi Lebow), spoke thusly "Sometimes the ardent zealots of the Jewish community have zero self-reflection when it comes to sensitive matters. What they call chutzpah, polite and considerate people would call insolence." The Barnyard Tradition of Pushiness Over Leo Frank's Rehabilitation This portentous event is a microcosm and one of the silent indignities that Gentile citizens of Cobb County have had to deal with relating to the national and local Jewish community, generally-speaking, forcing a concocted consensus down the throats of Georgians since 1913. Greater-Atlanta has also been the epicenter of this recurring ethnocentric bigotry and political bullying over the slaying of a teenage girl which is always overshadowed by the post-judicial hanging of the man who was proven beyond a reasonable doubt to be the perpetrator who actually snuffed out her young life in its early flowering. Jewish activists just can't seem to let it go of this infamous pervert and many are wondering if this is a weird dysfunctional response to the high intermarriage rate between Jews and Gentiles, especially by Rabbi Steve Lebow who officiates numerous examples of these weddings. Newspaper Article Reference: Marietta Daily Journal, Opinion, Saturday, December 25, 1995. Transcription is as follows: Family of Mary Phagan protests marker change Without a formal vote and with the press absent, Marietta City Council has changed the inscription on the city's historic marker at the grave of rape-murder victim Mary Phagan in the Marietta City Cemetery. The Phagan family is blaming Councilman Philip Goldstein. The descendants of Miss Phagan are upset because the family was not notified before or after the change, and only learned of it on a cemetery-cleaning visit. The family says the newly-placed marker - which sits on a city-maintained path near the grave and is not to be confused with Miss Phagan's ornate tombstone, which makes no mention of the circumstances of her death - omits the reason for the 1986 posthumous pardon given Leo Frank. Frank - Miss Phagan's boss - was convicted in 1913 by a Fulton Superior Court jury of the 13-year-old girl's murder in an Atlanta pencil factory and sentenced to hang. When Gov. John Slaton commuted Frank's sentence to life in 1915, a group of Marietta men abducted Frank from the state prison near Milledgeville and lynched him near what is now the Big Chicken on Frey's Gin Road in Marietta. [Years later someone vandalized the elegant white marble flowerpot situated at the footer of the epitaph slab and stole the broken piece of it.] The Phagan family initially opposed placing a marker at their ancestor's grave, fearing there would be increased damage to the cemetery plot and curiosity seekers would leave graffiti. That hasn't happened. Late Mayor Joe Mack Wilson told east Cobb resident and Cherokee County special education teacher Mary Phagan Keen, a great-niece of Mary Phagan, that the grave was the most sought by visitors to Marietta and should have a marker, along with several other notable graves in the cemetery. [Newly Concealing the fact that Leo M. Frank was not officially exonerated] Mayor Wilson told the Phagan family the city would let them approve the text of the marker. The family insisted the unusual conditions of Frank's 1986 pardon be explained. That was done. Now controversy has arisen because that portion of the marker has been changed. The Georgia Pardons and Parole Board in 1983 turned down a request for a pardon based on Frank's alleged innocence. [Leo] Frank's former office boy, Alonzo Mann, told two Nashville Tennessean newsmen he saw black janitor Jim Conley holding a limp body in his arms the day of the murder. In its 1983 denial of a pardon for Frank, the board said after Mann's testimony it "did not find conclusive evidence proving beyond any doubt that Frank was innocent." A new parole board then granted Frank a pardon in 1986 on the grounds the state did not protect him in prison, thereby allowing him to be lynched and thus ending any further court appeals. Frank's conviction was appealed unsuccessfully by his lawyers three times to the Georgia Supreme Court and twice to the U.S. Supreme Court. The 1986 pardon said: "Without attempting to address the question of guilt or innocence, and in recognition of the state's failure to protect the person of Leo M. Frank and thereby preserve his opportunity for continued legal appeal of his conviction, and in recognition of the state's failure to bring his killers to justice, and as an effort to heal old wounds...the board hereby grants to Leo M. Frank a pardon." The family opposed the 1986 pardon, and now is irked at the council and [Philip] Goldstein. [The Georgia Board of Pardons and Paroles failed to mention the fact that Leo Frank had fully exhausted all of his trial appeals at the Georgia and Federal Supreme Court in April of 1915.] "We are as much a victim as the family of Leo Frank," said Ms. Keen. For 80 years, we have been the object of the curiosity-seekers and subjected to unfair and untrue books and TV docudramas. The current council didn't show the same respect to us as did Mayor Wilson and a previous council." Ms. Keen's father, James Phagan, said the action was "extremely insensitive of the council" and "disingenuous of Councilman [Philip] Goldstein. How can you separate Mary Phagan and Leo Frank?" he asked. "Can you mention the Holocaust and not mention Hitler? It's simply pandering by Councilman [Philip] Goldstein to a segment of the community. It's another effort to change history." The inscription change was made by the Parks and Tourism Committee chaired by Councilman Dan Cox. Members are Councilwoman Betty Hunter and Goldstein. The full council OK'd the action. Cox admitted the committee had yielded to "political pressure" by [Philip] Goldstein and the Jewish community. Calling the change "a no-win situation," Cox said he reluctantly consented to the change "because it offended a part of the community." [August 17, 1995. Leo Frank's Lynching Site, 1200 Roswell Road, Marietta, Cobb County, Georgia] On the 80th anniversary of Frank's lynching on Aug. 17, [1995] a group of Jewish leaders led by Rabbi Steven Lebow of Temple Kol Emeth in East Cobb said the historic marker at Mary Phagan's grave should be removed. The group placed a small plaque in the side of the VPI Corp. building owned by Roy Varner at 1200 Roswell St., near the site of Frank's lynching. The plaque reads: "Wrongly Accused, Falsely Convicted and Wantonly Murdered." Attending the ceremony were Marietta Councilmen Goldstein and James Dodd, who told Jewish leaders they would look into removing the line of the marker that refers to the pardon conditions. "This is a plaque that marks the grave of Mary Phagan," said [Philip] Goldstein. "The last two lines deal with information on Leo Frank, and it's not his grave." Goldstein was quoted in the Jewish Times as saying: "The wording is factually correct. The mention of Frank [not getting officially exonerated] on Phagan's marker should be deleted because it is irrelevant, not because it upsets the Jewish community." It was Dodd who brought the matter before council, supported by [Philip] Goldstein. "This is a lose-lose situation for me," [Philip] Goldstein said. The marker referring to the condition of Frank's pardon has been removed and replaced with a marker the Phagan family had objected to. -end of transcription. The backstory is in the printing presses of the era, this is obligatory reading! Atlanta Constitution 1913: Atlanta Constitution 1914: Atlanta Constitution 1915: Atlanta Constitution 1916, 1919, 1922: Atlanta Georgian, 1913: Atlanta Journal, 1913: Direct Resources The Phagan Family Seeking Justice For Little Mary Phagan (impressive library). Rare footage of Congressman Tom Watson in the early 20th-century, circa 1920 The Atlanta suburb of Marietta Georgia,_Georgia City counselor Philip Goldstein's website: Temple Kol Emeth, a lovely, well-appointed, and modern Synagogue (Rabbi Steven Lebow retired June/July 2020): -end of description-

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