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XE3F1109 - Cuevas de Zugarramurdi - Zugarramurdi Caves (Navarra)

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posted by Enrique RG alias Enrique R G on Tuesday 23rd of November 2021 12:01:09 PM

Las Cuevas de Zugarramurdi o Cuevas de las brujas (Zugarramurdiko leizeak en euskera) son una serie de cuevas prehistóricas que se encuentran cerca del municipio de Zugarramurdi (al norte de Navarra, España). Este complejo cárstico destaca por su carácter superficial y se encuentra situado a menos de medio kilómetro de distancia del casco urbano, en el antiguo camino Zugarramurdi-Sara. Junto con las, ya francesas, cuevas de Sare (situadas a pocos kilómetros) forman una región de características similares. El río Olabidea o Infernuko erreka (en castellano: "arroyo del infierno") ha ido creando su progresivo desgaste por la erosión, ya que recorre la cueva principal. La sala principal en su tramo mayor alcanza los 120 metros de largo, 12 de alto y los 30 de ancho. Estas cuevas son especialmente conocidas porque hacia 1610, en el Auto de Fe de Logroño la Santa Inquisición procesó a 31 personas de Baztán, Urdax y Zugarramurdi, dos de ellas mujeres de más de 80 años. Pocas salvaron sus vidas tras haber reconocido entre lágrimas sus culpas y pedir misericordia. Trece murieron al no poder resistir la tortura. El 7 de diciembre seis personas fueron quemadas vivas y otras cinco en estatua. Se les acusó de posesión demoníaca, celebrar misas negras, provocar tempestades en el Cantábrico, causar maleficios a los campos y animales, y por prácticas de vampirismo y necrofagia. Esto ha constituido el mayor proceso en su historia, conocido con el nombre de las brujas de Zugarramurdi. es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuevas_de_Zugarramurdi The Zugarramurdi Caves or Witches' Caves (Zugarramurdiko leizeak in Basque) are a series of prehistoric caves that are located near the municipality of Zugarramurdi (north of Navarra, Spain). This karst complex stands out for its superficial character and is located less than half a kilometer away from the town center, on the old Zugarramurdi-Sara road. Together with the already French caves of Sare (located a few kilometers away) they form a region with similar characteristics. The river Olabidea or Infernuko erreka (in Castilian: "stream of hell") has been creating its progressive erosion, as it runs through the main cave. The main hall in its largest section is 120 meters long, 12 high and 30 wide. These caves are especially known because around 1610, in the Auto de Fe de Logroño the Holy Inquisition processed 31 people from Baztán, Urdax and Zugarramurdi, two of them women over 80 years old. Few saved their lives after tearfully acknowledging their faults and asking for mercy. Thirteen died because they could not withstand the torture. On December 7, six people were burned alive and another five in statues. They were accused of demonic possession, celebrating black masses, causing storms in the Cantabrian Sea, causing hexes to fields and animals, and for practices of vampirism and necrophagy. This has been the largest process in its history, known as the Zugarramurdi witches.



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  • Published 08.11.22
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