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Stupa

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posted by Alda Cravo Al-Saude alias Alda Cravo Al-Saude on Friday 5th of December 2008 02:11:31 AM

Stupa and prayer flags. Kathmandu, Nepal ( Stupa é uma construção em forma de torre, circundada por uma abóbada e um ou vários chanttras (toldos de lona). Originalmente era um monumento funerário de pedra, semi-esférico, com cúpula, mirante e balaustrada. Com o advento do Budismo, evoluiu para uma representação arquitectónica do Cosmos. O acesso a stupa é feito por um arco ou porta, normalmente adornado com esculturas. No entanto, as masi comuns são simples. Normalmente contém relíquias ou 'pequenos tesouros' simbólicos de uma determinada crença. Outros termos para designar a stupa são chaitya, pagode e chorten. ...................................................................... The Tibetan word is Chorten, which means "the basis of offering". Stupa is a symbol of enlightened mind, (the awakened mind, universal divinity) and the path to its realisation. If you had to use just two words, the best definition I have seen is "Spiritual Monument" The stupa represents the Buddha's body, his speech and his mind, but most especially his mind and every part shows the path to Enlightenment SYMBOLIC MEANING OF STUPAS 1. The basic platform that "Holds the Earth" symbolises the ten virtues of : Body : to protect life to practise generosity keep pure morality. Speech : to tell the truth to reconcile to speak In a quiet and gentle way to have a sensible speech. Mind : to be content to be altruistic to have faith In the right views (which are the correct foundation for liberation). 2. The three steps above symbolise the three refuges one holds on to: Buddha the reaching of Buddha (Dharma) the Assembly of those who practise these teachings (Sangha). 3. The Lion-throne symboliscs the superiority over the whole universe. 4. The treasures vase symboliscs the eight Noble Riches. 5. The small and the big lotuses symbolises the six transcendental virtues : generosity pure morality patience energy meditation wisdom. 6. The four corners of the basic throne symbolise "the Four Unlimited" or Boundless ones: unlimited love unlimited compassion unlimited joy unlimited equanimity. 7. The first step symboliscs the fundamental four attentions: Impermanence of the body sensations non-substantiality of thoughts condition of existence (dharmas). 8. The second step symbolises the four perfect efforts (Sammapadhana): striving to preserve favourable conditions yet existing striving to produce such conditions not yet existing striving to ward off unfavorable existing conditions striving to make It impossible for such conditions to arise. 9. The third step symbolises the four miraculous feet (Riddhipada) prayer thought perserverance action. 10. The fourth step symbolises the five spiritual faculties (Indriya) the faculty of faith the faculty of Energy the faculty of Attention the faculty of Concentration the faculty of Knowledge. 11. The unchanging base that supports the vase symbolises the five forces (Bala) The force of faith The force of Energy The force of Attention The force of Concentration The force of Knowledge. 12. The vase in Its particularities symbolises, the seven branches of awakening (Bodhyanga) the total memory (of past lives) the perfect knowledge of all dharmas the diligence ecstasy the perfect mastery of all disciplines concentration equanimity. 13. The "Tre" (above the vase) and Its reverse symbolisc the noble eightfold path perfect view perfect understanding perfect speech perfect action perfect living perfect effort perfect attention perfect concentration. 14.The tree of life symbolises the ten knowledges of of phenomena of mind of Interdependent links of illusion of suffering of the origin of suffering of the cessation of suffering of the path leading to the cessation of suffering of destruction of the non-appearance of the ten transcendental knowledges 15. The thirteen rings symbolise the ten powers and the three essential remembrances. 16. The umbrella and Its support symbolise the State of a victorious one 17. The "Zaratsak" symbolises the ornaments of all the Supreme Qualities. 18. The Moon symbolises the elimination of all sufferings. 19. The sun symbolises the radiating thousand lights of compassion 20. The jewel at the top symbolises the fulfilment of all wishes. The believers prostrate with great devotion and faith before such a wonderful Stupa, the embodiment of all the qualities of the victorious ones; only seeing. It brings liberation to all who respect It.



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  • Published 08.19.22
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