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Stanstead Abbots Hertfordshire

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posted by alias jmc4 - Church Explorer on Thursday 28th of October 2021 05:50:32 PM

On the eastern end of the north wall of the north Chapel wall which he built in 1577 are the figures of Edward Baeshe 1587, wife Jane Sadler 1614 & their children. in the north window are fragments of the family arms with his motto 'Boulde in God' "Here lyeth buryed the body of Edward Baeshe esquire, Generall Surveyor of the Victuals for the Navy Royall and Marine Affayres, within the realmes of England and Ireland, in which office he served under fower princes of this land; viz; King Henry the 8; King Edward the sixt; Queene Mary and Queene Elizabeth, untill the time of his death, which was the 1 of Maye 1587 in the 29th yeare of the raigne of ye said Queene Elizabeth; and dyed aged 80 yeares. He maried with Jane Sadler one of ye daughters of Sir Ralph Sadler, knight Chancellor of ye Dutchie of Lancaster, & had issue by her Ralph & William. Jane Baeshe deceased 7th Aprill 1614 " "Ralph Baeshe esquier, deceased the 8 of May 1598 who maried Frances Cary one of the daughters of Sir Edward Cary, knight, Master of the Jewell Howse, and had issue Edward Bashe. William Baeshe deceased ye 20th of July 1596 She was lately wife of George of Rutland" Edward was born c1506 / 7 , the son of Richard Bashe and Joyce Bolte of Worcester. ( The Visitation of Hertfordshire of 1634 lists him as the son of Alexander Bash & Alice Barley) He m1 (November 1538) Thomasine Agar / Baker at the church of St Dionis Backchurch, London Pre 1538 he moved to London and entered the service of Thomas Cromwell, who appointed him deputy secretary to the council in the marches of Wales to John Russell, probably on the strength of his Worcestershire connections, Apparently he was later discharged from his duties, and a letter from Cromwell survives pleading his case to restore him to the office By 1545 he was one of a number of agents involved in victualling the navy. In July 1545 - Edward and Thomasin were granted the manor of Oare in Berkshire, formerly belonging to Abingdon abbey, which he surrendered the following year. In September 1545 he acquired the manor of Lydencourt, Kent, jointly with Sir Richard Southwell and in December he bought 2 messuages in Shropshire, with Richard Cutrice. Other similar transactions indicate that he was acting as an agent or broker. 1546 - Usher of Court of General Surveyors perhaps jointly with Richard Smyth, who is styled yeoman of the chamber, 1547 - Joint surveyor of victuals (food or provisions ) for the navy with Richard Wattes. 1549 - received grants jointly with Thomasin—first the rectory and advowson of Feltham, and then the manor of Cullynges in Hertfordshire an indication that he intended to retain the benefits, rather than sell them. 1550 - received the second grant; described as "of London", and held a garden in the parish of St Sepulchre. 18 June 1550 - secured his first major appointment, when he was granted by patent the office of surveyor general of victuals for the navy, in recognition of the services which he had already performed in that department, with a fee of £50 a year (and 8d. a day for a clerk). This was surrendered on the 23 December 1560, but on the following day he received a "Life Grant" for the same office. Nothing is known of his religious affiliation, and it can be assumed that he simply conformed with the times as his career progressed under protestant Edward VI, Catholic Mary and protestant Elizabeth. The surveyorship carried with it membership of the council for marine causes. 15 November 1553 - "Tomasyn, Wife of Edward Baeshe of London, 15 November 1553" was given "Grantees of Arms" In November 1554, he received an annuity of £50, over and above his fee, at the same time he was elected as MP for Rochester in Kent. 1556 - On the pardon roll of the first year of Elizabeth he is listed as "of London, also of Waltham, county of Hertford", where he seems to have settled possibly c 1556, when he first featured in the commission of the peace He was also a JP at this time. December 1557-1560 - became constable of Portchester Castle and lt. [sic] of Southbere forest, Hampshire, a position of trust in time of war, which he held until 1560. 1559 - He had purchased at different times a house in London and lands in various of the home counties, most of which he subsequently sold. After the death of Anne Boleyn in 1532, the manor here remained with the Crown until 1559, when Queen Elizabeth granted it to "Edward Baesh of London" and it was there that he settled. 1559 - Elected MP for Rochester in Kent He continued to deal in land, and in December 1559 paid, jointly with his colleague William Wynter, the substantial sum of £2114 for the reversion and rent of the site and demesne lands of the manor Gussuchebourne in Dorset which he seems to have had no intention of occupying. After the death of Anne Boleyn in 1532, the manor remained with the Crown until 1559, when Queen Elizabeth granted it to "Edward Baesh of London" 1560 - reappointed to this position for life in survivorship with William Holstock, who also held the position of clerk controller of the navy. Thomasin died without issue between 1560 - 1564 1562 - served as a justice for Middlesex from 1562 1563 - Elected MP again for Rochester in Kent 1563 - A new patent on 30 Oct 1563 was granted him jointly with John Elyot 13 March 1564 - A grant in free simple to him & William Tooke of the Manor of Chettle in the County of Dorset He m2 c1564 Jane 1614 daughter of Sir Ralph Sadler 1587 of Standon "the richest commoner in England" , a prominent courtier & diplomat who was one of the unwilling jailers of Mary Queen of Scots.) Jane kneels on his tomb Children 1, Ralph c1560 - 1598 of Stansted Bury m Frances daughter of Sir Edward Cary / Carey & Catherine daughter of Henry Knyvet 1574 by Anne daughter of Sir Christopher Pickering of Killington and Jane Lewknor / Lewkenor (Anne was the widow of Francis Weston (one of the supposed lovers of Anne Boleyn) and m3 John Vaughan) (Ralph & Frances' only son Edward dc 1635 *** married twice, having no surviving issue) Frances == m2 George Manners 7th Earle of Rutland dsp 1641 Her uncles Henry Knyvett is at Charlton & Thomas Knyvett is at Stanwell 2. William d1596 a minor at the time of his father's death, is described in the visitation as "drowned under London bridge," 3. son died young 1565 - Edward assisted the victualling of Berwick April 1565 - The victualling service was reorganized and the surveyor was given a contract to provide for a given number of men at fixed rates. He was expected to provide the victuals and take his profit, out of the global sum so calculated, which he found increasingly difficult. Inflation necessitated 2 increases in the rates over the next 20 years, and he complained constantly to the council of his difficulties. However, he seems to have been both relatively honest and relatively effective, because there were few complaints about what he provided. This contract did not affect his patent, which remained in force until he surrendered it, as the survivor in 1582. 1566 -spoke in favour of the subsidy bill, pointing out the great sums that needed to be spent on the navy, a speech for which he was legitimately accused of being an interested party. (his only known contribution) 1567 - Provided supplies to Ireland 1571-2 - Sheriff of the county of Hertfordshire & MP for Preston and 2 February 1572 he received a grant of arms By now like most royal servants he got heavily into debt with the Crown; and in October 1578 he asked Burghley for some relief. ++ 1574 - From this year to his death, the Surveyor General took an active part in the re-organization of the Navy, such as it was., constantly sending in estimates to Cecil for victualing ships for one, two, or three months. 1575 - On the 5th of August he received a letter from his Portsmouth agent, informing him that on the previous day the storehouses containing ship supplies had been destroyed by fire. An agreement was arrange with the treasury to repay the losses over 10 years. 1577 - had licence to impark 300 acres of land here with a grant of free warren. In same year he built the north chapel of the church with his arms & motto in stained glass, he also rebuilt the east window 1582 - He retired from naval service, though he continued to bombard Lord Burghley with advice. 1585-6 - Sheriff of the county of Hertfordshire 1586 - The year before his death, he was again in difficulties. He reports a great scarcity of provisions, owing to a bad season and murrain among the flocks. A few months later he writes confessing the impossibility of carrying out his contract, and praying to be released from his hard bargain. He pleaded also his 40 years of service; and as it was notorious how greatly prices had risen since the last general estimate, he might have looked for some concessions. Nevertheless, both he and his widow were not helped . He had not grown rich in the service of his Country. He was, however, necessarily a person of some position. He should have succeeded his cousin in a small ancestral property, but was defrauded of his rights by the former's half- brothers in his absence. Edward died the year before the Spanish Armada , yet instead of hastening to replace him as efficiently as could be, the Government spent the all-important year cutting down the terms proposed by his successor, and in dealing out supplies more than ever with a niggardly hand. Despite his plea of poverty to Burghley ++ in his will in May 1587 he was able to bequeath considerable sums in annuities to his family and servants, including £20 for a 'convenient tomb'. (His grandson Edward *** bought Rye manor and house here in 1619 from William Frankland 1640 great nephew & later heir of William Frankland 1577, 2nd husband of Joyce Trappes Saxaye Frankland[email protected]/N7Rk9S The charity of Sir Edward Baesh, founded by deed 10 November 1635, and by his will proved 28 May 1653, consists of the vicarage-house and grounds containing 1 a. 33 p; land in Chapel Lane containing 11 p. 3 yds., producing £2 yearly; almshouses with 30 p. of land; also the Railway Hotel, let at £70 yearly; also property formerly described as 'a piece of meadow ground called the Pitansey Meadow alias Parentase,' now consisting of (a) gas works, cottages and land containing 2 a. 3 r. 23 p.; (b) maltings, private dwelling-house and pounds containing 2 a. 1 r. 31 p.; and (c) a meadow containing 3 a. 1 r. 7 p., the whole producing £43 yearly. Also a rent-charge of £25 issuing out of the manor of Stanstead Baesh; the block-house and yard containing 3 p. 5 yds., producing £7 16s. yearly, and land in Netherfield Lane containing 2 a. 1 r. 15 p., producing £3 yearly. The official trustees also hold the sum of £219 2s. 5d. consols, producing £5 9s. 4d. yearly, arising from sale of land and accumulations. The vicarage-house and grounds and the land in Chapel Lane designated the ecclesiastical charity of Sir Edward Baesh is regulated by a scheme of the Charity Commissioners dated 3 June 1902. The vicarage-house is for the use of the vicar of Stanstead Abbots, subject to the payment of 12d. yearly to the non-ecclesiastical branch, and the yearly income derived from the land in Chapel Lane is applied towards the salary of the clerk to the parish church. In 1908 the net income of the non-ecclesiastical branch was applied in payment of 7s. weekly to the six poor widows in the almshouses, and a premium of £9 8s. was paid for apprenticing a poor boy. Sir Edward Baesh by the above-mentioned deed also gave a rent-charge of £20 out of the manor of Stanstead Baesh for a schoolmaster of a free grammar school in Stanstead. This sum is annually paid to the governors of Hertford Grammar School). - Church of St James, Stanstead Abbots Hertfordshire Picture with thanks - copyright Neill Reed

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