The Omega Symbol of the Mark pane of the Matthew, John and Mark Chancel Window; St. Peter's Church of England - Sturt Street, Ballarat(PID:12651584374) Source
posted by alias raaen99 on Thursday 20th of February 2014 09:18:28 AM
The chancel window of St. Peter's Church of England in Ballarat was created by the Melbourne stained glass manufacturing firm Ferguson and Urie and has the stylised late Victorian background design synonymous with the firm. The chancel window divided into three pictorial panes; scenes from the books of Matthew, John and Mark. The window from the Book of Matthew depicts a woman sheltering a man and child from the wind by covering them with a cloak; a representation of the commonly quoted "do unto others as you would have them do unto you". It has Alpha (the first letter of the Greek alphabet) appearing above the image. In English, the noun "alpha" is used as a synonym for "beginning", or "first" (in a series), reflecting its Greek roots. The window from the Book of John depicts Jesus bearing the crown of thorns with an escort of Roman guards. It has the image of a dove above the pane. A white dove usually symbolises the Holy Ghost and is used especially in representations of Jesus' Baptism and the Pentecost. It also symbolises the release of the soul in death, and is used to recall Noe's dove, a harbinger of hope. The window from the Book of Mark depicts Jesus having his feet dried by Mary Magdalene, who did so with her long hair. It has Omega (the twenty-fourth letter of the Greek alphabet) appearing above the image. The word literally means "great O" (ō mega, mega meaning 'great'). Three trefoil windows appear above the Matthew, John and Mark chancel window. These contain symbolism for Faith, Hope and Charity. The stained glass firm of Ferguson and Urie was established by Scots James Ferguson (1818 – 1894), James Urie (1828 – 1890) and John Lamb Lyon (1836 – 1916). They were the first known makers of stained glass in Australia. Until the early 1860s, window glass in Melbourne had been clear or plain coloured, and nearly all was imported, but new churches and elaborate buildings created a demand for pictorial windows. The three Scotsmen set up Ferguson and Urie in 1862 and the business thrived until 1899, when it ceased operation, with only John Lamb Lyon left alive. Ferguson and Urie was the most successful Nineteenth Century Australian stained glass window making company. Among their earliest works were a Shakespeare window for the Haymarket Theatre in Bourke Street, a memorial window to Prince Albert in Holy Trinity, Kew, and a set of Apostles for the West Melbourne Presbyterian Church. Their palatial Gothic Revival office building stood at 283 Collins Street from 1875. Ironically, their last major commission, a window depicting “labour”, was installed in the old Melbourne Stock Exchange in Collins Street in 1893 on the eve of the bank crash. Their windows can be found throughout the older suburbs of Melbourne and across provincial Victoria. St. Peter's Church of England in Ballarat's main boulevard, Sturt Street, is an early and simple bluestone church which is given architectural interest by its elaborately detailed, later tower. The imposing tower was commenced in 1864 to designs of architect C. D. Cuthbert in early English Gothic Revival style. Later additions include the west transept, which was completed in 1870, the tower which was completed in 1891, and east chapel which was completed in 1917. The tower is very elaborately detailed with a castellated parapet, paired belfry windows and trefoil windows, a motif used in the nave gable above the lancel windows. To this day, it still stands behind its original iron palisade fence.
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