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July 15th in History -- In 1815, Napoleon Surrenders

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posted by Latin American Herald Tribune alias Latin American Herald Tribune on Friday 15th of July 2011 03:46:17 AM

1099 - 1st Crusaders capture, plunder Jerusalem 1205 - Pope Innocent III states Jews are doomed to perpetual servitude and subjugation due to crucifixion of Jesus 1207 - John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop of Canterbury Stephen Langton. 1240 - A Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva. 1307 - Duke Henrik van Karinthi chosen king of Bohemia 1381 - John Ball, a leader in the Peasants' Revolt, is hanged, drawn and quartered in the presence of Richard II of England. 1410 - Battle of Tannenburg-Teutonic Knights vs King Ladislas II of Poland 1500 - Duke Albrecht of Saxon beats Friese rebellion 1500 - "Blood Wedding" of Astorre Baglione & Lavinia Colonna in Perugia family Baglione massacre 1501 - Explorer Pedro Cabral back in Lisbon 1524 - Emperor Karel I bans German national synode 1538 - Peace talks between Karel & King Francois I 1662 - King Charles II charters Royal Society in London 1741 - Alexei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends men ashore in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska. 1755 - French ambassador recalled from London 1779 - US troops under Gen A Wayne conquer Ft Stony Point, NY 1783 - 1st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France 1787 - Parliament of Paris banished to Troyes 1789 - Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, is named by acclamation colonel-general of the new National Guard of Paris. 1795 - "Marseillaise" becomes French national anthem 1799 - The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign. The Rosetta Stone is an ancient Egyptian granodiorite stele inscribed with a decree issued at Memphis, Egypt in 196 BC on behalf of King Ptolemy V. The decree appears in three scripts: the upper text is Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, the middle portion demotic script, and the lowest Ancient Greek. Because it presents essentially the same text in all three scripts (with some minor differences between them), it provided the key to the modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphs. 1806 - Zebulon Pike began his journey to explore the Southwest 1808 - French marshal Joachim Murat becomes king of Naples 1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte surrenders at Rochefort & is later exiled on St Helena 1815 - 1st flat horse race held on Nottingham Hill at Cheltenham, England (day and month TBC) 1823 - A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome. 1830 - 3 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk & Fox, signs a treaty giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa & Missouri 1840 - England, Russia, Austria & Prussia signs Quadruple Alliance 1850 - John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's 1856 - Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony 1862 - CSS Arkansas vs USS Cardondelet & Queen of the West engage at Yazoo R 1863 - Pres Davis orders service duty for confederate army 1864 - Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 & injuring 109 of 955 aboard 1867 - SF Merchant's Exchange opens 1869 - Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy 1870 - Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US 1870 - Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province & NW Territories created 1870 - Hudson's Bay & Northwest Territories transferred to Canada 1876 - Baseball's 1st no-hitter, St Louis' George W Bradley no-hits Hartford 1888 - Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years 1893 - Commodore Perry arrives in Japan 1900 - President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin 1901 - NY Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St Louis, 5-0 1902 - Ranjitsinhji scores 180 before lunch, for Sussex v Surrey 1904 - 1st Buddhist temple in US forms, Los Angeles 1906 - Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam 1909 - Ty Cobb hits 2 inside-the-park HRs 1911 - 46" of rain (begining 7/14) falls in Baguio, Philippines 1912 - British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect 1914 - Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe 1916 - 22.22" (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record) 1916 - Boeing Co (Pacific Aero) formed by William Boeing in Seattle Wash 1918 - 2nd Battle of Marne began during WW I 1920 - Ruth ties his record of 29 HRs in a season 1922 - 1st duck-billed platypus publicly exhibited in US, at NY zoo 1922 - 26th US Golf Open: Gene Sarazen shoots a 288 at Skokie CC in Ill 1923 - 27th US Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 296 at Inwood CC in NY 1923 - Italian parliament accepts new constitution 1926 - VPRO (Free thinking Protestant Radio Broadcast) forms 1927 - 62nd British Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 285 at St Andrews 1927 - Massacre of July 15, 1927: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police in Vienna. 1929 - 1st airport hotel opens-Oakland Ca 1932 - President Hoover cuts own salary 15% 1933 - Wiley Post began 1st solo flight around world 1934 - Continental Airlines commences operations. 1936 - Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget 1937 - Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens 1937 - Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China 1938 - Arthur Fagg completes 244 & 202 in the same cricket game for Kent 1939 - Clara Adams (NYC) is 1st woman to complete round world flight 1940 - 1st betatron placed in operation, Urbana, Il 1940 - Nazi occupiers seize library of IISG Amsterdam 1941 - Florey & Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures (Penicillin) 1942 - 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz 1942 - Dutch Jews invoked for "Labor camps" 1944 - Greenwich Observatory damaged by WW II flying bomb 1945 - 27th PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Morraine CC Dayton Ohio 1946 - British North Borneo Co transfers rights to British crown 1948 - Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain 1948 - Pres Truman nominated for another term (Phila) 1949 - "Miss Liberty" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 308 performances 1949 - Czech tennis stars Jaroslav Drobny & Vladimir Cernik, defect to US 1949 - WBTV TV channel 3 in Charlotte, NC (CBS) begins broadcasting 1952 - 1st transatlantic helicopter flight begins 1952 - Gerald D Lascelles (under English princess Mary) weds Angela Dowding 1954 - 110°F (43°C) at Balcony Falls, Virginia (state record) 1954 - 1st coml jet transport plane built in US tested (Boeing 707) 1954 - KOCO TV channel 5 in Oklahoma City, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting 1954 - WBOC TV channel 16 in Salisbury, MD (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting 1955 - WNDU TV channel 16 in South Bend, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting 1955 - Eighteen Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by thirty-four others. 1956 - Beverly Hanson/Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA Hot Springs Golf Invitational 1956 - Iharos runs world record 10k (28:42.8) 1957 - Dutch Super Constellation crashes near New Guinea, 56 die 1957 - US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site 1958 - Pres Eisenhower sends US troops to Lebanon; they stay 3 months 1958 - US marines deployed in Lebanon 1959 - The steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history. 1960 - Balt Orioles' Brooks Robinson goes 5 for 5 including the cycle 1961 - "Donnybrook!" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 68 performances 1961 - 90th British Golf Open: Arnold Palmer shoots a 284 at Royal Birkdale 1961 - Spain accept equal rights for men & women 1962 - Algeria becomes member of Arab League 1962 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Milwaukee Golf Open 1962 - Neth & Indonesia accord over New-Guinea 1963 - KAIT TV channel 8 in Jonesboro, AR (ABC) begins broadcasting 1963 - Paul McCartney is fined £17 for speeding 1964 - Barry M Goldwater (Sen-R-Az) nominated for president by Republicans 1965 - "Mariner IV" sends back 1st pictures of Mars 1965 - Athanassiades Novas succeeds Papandreo as premier of Greece 1967 - "Sweet Charity" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 608 performances 1967 - LA Wolves beat Wash Whips 6-5 in OT to be United Soccer Ass champs 1967 - Roberto DeVicenzo of Argentina wins golf's British Open 1967 - USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1968 - "One Life to Live" premieres on TV 1968 - Commercial air travel begins between US & USSR 1968 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island 1968 - NJ Americans moved to Comack & become NY Nets (ABA) 1968 - Soap opera "One Life To Live" premieres 1969 - Cincinnati Red Lee May hits 4 HRs in a doubleheader 1969 - Rod Carew ties record with his 7th steal of home in a season 1970 - Denmark beats Italy 2-0 in 1st world female soccer championship 1971 - Pres Nixon announces he would visit People's Rep of China 1972 - 101st British Golf Open: Lee Trevino shoots 278 at Muirfield Gullane 1972 - Sandra Palmer/Jane Blalock wins Angelo's Four-Ball Golf Championship 1973 - Calif Angel Nolan Ryan 2nd no-hitter beats Detroit Tigers, 6-0 1973 - Carole Jo Skala wins LPGA George Washington Golf Classic 1973 - Paul Getty III kidnapped 1973 - Ray Davies, announces retirement from Kinks then attempts suicide 1973 - Willie McCovey becomes 15th to hit 400 HRs 1974 - Military coup on Cyprus: archbishop/president Makarios flees 1975 - 46th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-3 at County Stadium, Milwaukee 1975 - All star MVP: Bill Madlock (Pitts Pirates) & John Matlock (NY Mets) 1975 - Apollo 18 launched (will rendezvous with Soyuz) 1975 - Soyuz 19 & Apollo 18 launched; rendezvous 2 days later 1976 - 36-hr kidnap of 26 school children & their bus driver in Calif 1978 - 107th British Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 281 at St Andrews 1979 - 34th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Jerilyn Britz 1979 - Morarji Desai resigns as premier of India 1980 - Johnny Bench hits his 314th HR as a catcher breaks Yogi Berra's record 1982 - Body of Wendy Caulfield, 1st Green River victim, found near Seattle 1982 - Columbia flies to Kennedy Space Center via Dyess AFB, Texas 1982 - Senate confirms George Shultz as 60th sec of state by vote of 97-0 1983 - 8 killed, 54 wounded, by Armenian extremists bomb at Orly, France 1983 - Linda Ronstadt debuts as Mabel in "Pirates of Penzance" 1984 - 39th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Hollis Stacy 1984 - John Lennon releases "I'm Stepping Out" 1985 - Deborah Carthy-Deu, of Puerto Rico, crowned 34th Miss Universe 1986 - 57th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-2 at Astrodome, Houston 1986 - All star MVP: Roger Clemens (Boston Red Sox) 1987 - Boy George barred from British TV show, he may be a bad influence 1987 - John Poindexter testifies at Iran-Contra hearings 1987 - State of siege ends in Taiwan 1990 - 45th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Betsy King 1991 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island 1991 - US troops leave northern Iraq 1991 - Sandhi Ortiz-DelValle is 1st woman to officiate a men's pro basketball (USBL) game, game between New Haven Skyhawks & Phila Spirit 1992 - Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 3 weeks to have tumor removed 1994 - Gyula Horn sworn in as premier of Hungary 1994 - Israel & Jordan agree to talks in Wash DC on July 25th 1994 - NJ Nets Derrek Coleman accused of rape in Detroit 1994 - Sonia O'Sullivan runs 3K (8:21.64) 1995 - Birmingham Barracudas 1st CFL home game (vs Hamilton) 1995 - Jews take Jerusalem 1995 - Northern Virginia begins using new area code 540 1996 - After 2,216 consecutive games at shortstop, Cal Ripkin goes to 3rd 1996 - MSNBC begins Microsoft internet-NBC TV 1996 - Prince Charles & Princess Di sign divorce papers 1996 - Southern Mexico hit with 6.5 earthquake 1996 - A Belgian Air Force C-130 Hercules carrying the Royal Netherlands Army marching band crashes on landing at Eindhoven Airport. 1999 - The inaugural game at the Seattle Mariners' Safeco Field was held in Seattle, Washington. 2002 - "American Taliban" John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and to possession of explosives during the commission of a felony. 2002 - Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl. 2003 - AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day. 2009 - A 7.9 Magnitude earthquake registers 160km west of Invercargill, New Zealand, creating a small tsunami.

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