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medical negligence investigations Lumbar-Facet-Joint-Anatomy-02

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posted by alias MedilawTV on Sunday 11th of December 2011 03:14:57 AM

LUMBAR ANATOMY – FACET JOINTS Lumbar Spine Anatomy Facet Zygoapophysial Joint medical negligence investigations Shows the movements of the lumbar facet joints during flexion-extension and lateral flexion. Also shows the medial branch nerves to the facet joints. The spine is made up of thirty-three small bones called vertebrae. The five vertebrae between the chest and the pelvis are called the lumbar vertebra. An inferior articular process from the vertebra above moves against the superior articular process of the vertebra below to form a facet joint. This is also known as a zygo-apophysial joint. The bone ends on the joint are covered with a smooth cartilage, called hyaline cartilage. medical negligence investigations. The facet joint is surrounded by a tough fibrous capsule. The inner lining of the capsule consists of the synovial membrane. The synovial membrane secretes and reabsorbs a small amount of synovial fluid. The synovial fluid lubricates and nourishes the joint surfaces.The adjacent vertebrae are connected by the intervertebral disc in front of the spinal canal, and the two facet joints behind. medical negligence investigations. Each facet joint capsule is innervated by the medial branch nerves from the level above and below. This disc and the two facet joints help keep the two vertebrae correctly aligned, while allowing a controlled amount of movement. In this way, all the vertebra of your spine work together, supporting each other. The stability of the spine as a whole relies upon the health of the disc and the facet joints in each vertebral level. Lumbar Spine Anatomy Facet Zygoapophysial Joint medical negligence investigations. LUMBAR ANATOMY – FACET JOINTS Lumbar Spine Anatomy Facet Zygoapophysial Joint medical negligence investigations This article was written with the assistance of the following surgeons. Dr Paul Licina. Dr Licina is spinal orthopedic surgeon, and co-founder of Brisbane Orthopaedic Specialist Services in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Dr Matthew McDonald. Dr McDonald is a spinal neurosurgeon based at Wakefield Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. Dr Richard Parkinson. Dr Parkinson is a spinal neurosurgeon based at St Vincent's Clinic, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Dr Lali Sekhon. Dr Sekhon is a spinal neurosurgeon, and founder of Nevada Neurosurgery in Reno / Carson City, Nevada, USA. Lumbar Spine Anatomy Facet Zygoapophysial Joint medical negligence investigations

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