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Salzburg (Austria) - Salzburger Dom, Duomo di San Ruperto e San Virgilio di Salzburgo, la Catedral de Santo Ruperto y Virgilio de Salzburgo, la Cathédrale de Saint Rupert et Saint Virgile de Salzbourg, the Cathedral of Saint Rupert and Saint Vergilius

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posted by alias Josef Lex (El buen soldado Švejk) on Wednesday 25th of December 2013 11:28:50 AM

(further pictures you can see by clicking on the link at the end of page!) Salzburg Cathedral Salvator bell one minute video Dom, historical photograph around 1970 View over the roofs of the Stiegl cellar Salzburg Cathedral seen from the Mount of the Capuchins, the little red church in the foreground on the left is the first parish church of Salzburg, St Michael's Church The Piazza del Duomo with the cathedral Salzburg Cathedral seen from the corner towards the Alter Markt, in the image of the 2009/2010 renovated Residence Fountain, right the north arcade Residence Square with Residence Fountain, the Salzburg Cathedral and the Old Residence The cathedral in the morning mist Seen from the bell tower of the Cathedral of Salzburg Salzburg City Hall Wintery Salzburg Cathedral at night, view over the Domplatz and the winter-resistant moored Marian column on Cathedral Square Solemn Mass in Salzburg Cathedral The Salzburg Cathedral is the main church building in the old town of Salzburg. It is dedicated to the Saints Rupert and Virgil. Location The cathedral is located in the left-bank part of Salzburg, below the fortress Hohensalzburg. It is surrounded in the north by the Residence Square, in the south by the chapter court (Kapitelplatz), in the east by the new residence with chimes and in the west of the Cathedral Square (Domplatz). It is connected in the north with the old residence and in the south with the Benedictine Abbey of St. Peter by cathedral arcades. History Over the centuries there have been several Vorläuferbauten (precursor buildings) of today's cathedral. Peter Church Rupert of Worms hat at the beginning of the 8th Century the first church built on the very site on which the present cathedral is situated. It was the church that was consecrated to saint Peter - Sankt Peterskirche, even then, it had considerable proportions. Virgilianische (Virgilian) Cathedral The oldest predecessor of today's cathedral which was already designed as a dome, was built in 767-774 by Bishop Virgil and belonged with its three naves to the three largest churches of the 8th Century: 66 meters long and 33 meters wide, which corresponds to an area of ​​2 178 sqm. It was the first basilica in the East Frankish kingdom. In 1139 it was provided with two high steeples. On the occasion of the inauguration on 24 September (probably the correct date, other sources report of 25 September) 774, Virgil had the bones of Rupert of Worms from the Collegiate Church of St. Peter transferred into the new cathedral. However, this first cathedral was still dedicated to St. Peter, Rupert was just a supporting patron. However, already 845 burned this building after lightning strike under Archbishop Liupram down. Hartwig's Cathedral Under Archbishop Hartwig again emerged a new cathedral, also known as the Salzburg Cathedral, but this was in 1167 again destroyed, this time by the Counts of Plain. It is believed that the Romanesque lion in the gate input to Langenhof in the Sigmund-Haffner-Gasse still stems from this cathedral. The new building under Hartwig primarily concerned the western facade and the priest choir. Konradinischer Cathedral Main article: Konradinischer (Conradian) Cathedral On the remains of the Hartwig's Cathedral under Archbishop Conrad III. of Wittelsbach in 1177 the even more stately Conradian Cathedral was erected, the then largest basilica with 5200 sqm north of the Alps: 122 m total length , 48 m width and 57.5 m nave transept length; New plans of the Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich When the cathedral was severely damaged in a fire in 1598, Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau it had demolished to build an even bigger one. To this end, he also had parts of the medieval city and the cathedral cemetery (now Residence Square ) torn down, which until today as places around the cathedral have been preserved. Especially the ruthless demolition of Domfriedhofs (cathedral cemetery) (which then also was the town cemetery) still hurts because all tombs from previous times were destroyed (of the archbishops, canons and renowned citizens of Salzburg) and thus not preserved for posterity anymore. Vincenzo Scamozzi Dombaumeister (cathedral builder), which was in 1604 engaged by Wolf Dietrich, manufactured the first plans, which he delivered to the Archbishop until 1606/1607, but because of the capture and removal of Wolf Dietrich 1611 the building had to be stopped. Today Salzburg Cathedral His successor, Archbishop Markus Sittikus, but removed the completed first foundations and began the construction of a smaller cathedral building. This cathedral building, which was now planned by cathedral architect Santino Solari, could on 25 September in 1628 be inaugurated under Paris Lodron. The city celebrated one of the largest festivals that has ever existed in Salzburg. On 18 February 1663 a hurricane roared over Salzburg, destroying the copper roof of the cathedral, the spiers of St. Andrew and St. John at Imberg together with the bells throwing to the surrounding houses. As early as on 15 July in 1945 began the restoration work on the cathedral, which was severely damaged by bombings in World War II. On 26 May 1949 then participated 35 000 people at the Salzburg Domfest (festival) in which after a large procession of Archbishop Andreas Rohracher the 100-pound gold-plated dome cross is drawn to the restored dome. After nearly 15 years of reconstruction period was held on 1st of May in 1959 the first service by Archbishop Rohracher. Renovations In the years 1897 to 1901, the cathedral was renovated. From 1995 to 1998 there was a complete exterior renovation. Unfortunately, in doing so, some works had obviously not been carried out correctly and it came immediately after completion of the work to consequential damages. This led to years of disputes with the construction companies. Finally, due to storm damage in 2007 it came again to a major renovation. In addition to the repair of the damages of the renovation in the 1990s, the roof also was renewed, which was last renewed in 1920. Alone has the roof, without a dome and towers , an area of ​​4359 square meters. Of the "old demages" of the renovation 1995/1998 may be mentioned: 12.8 km (sic) joints had to be opened and closed again, it came to cleaning and removal of impregnation, had to be taken off the balustrades and balconies and reinstalled and it came to covering of all cornices with more than 13 tons of lead roof and in addition numerous stone completions had to be carried out and it was a Taubenabwehr (protection systems against pigeons) attached. The ten fires in the cathedral Main article: Fires Salzburg Cathedral The first cathedral of Bishop Virgil was only 70 years when in 845 was struck by lightning and the cathedral burnt down to the ground. This was the first of ten fires until today, of which the last one happened after an American air raid on 16th October 1944. Equipment Interior with two of the four Vierungsorgeln (crossing organs) View into the dome of the cathedral The facade The closed marble facade of the front with its mutual octagonal spiers and the four marble statues at the entrances looks to the cathedral square. The facade is made of white-pink Unterberger marble, while the remaining construction consists of conglomerate rock (Nagefluh). It consists of two storeys with two flanking towers. The window frames are decorated with lion and ibex heads, the heraldic animals of the archdiocese and the builder of today's cathedral, Markus Sittikus. The two large coat of arms above the second floor between the two towers are the coat of arms of Hohenems and Lodron, over which a large Salvator figure is flanked by statues of Moses and Elijah. On the outer side of the second storey figures of the four evangelists can be seen. The entrance gates to the Cathedral are adorned by four colossal figures: The two outer figures represent the church patrons Rupertus with the Salzkufe (salt vat) and Virgil with the cathedral. These works are Bartlmä van Opstal attributed (in 1660), while the two inner statues, Peter and Paul, Salzburg sculptor Bernhard Michael Mandl (1697). The two coat of arms on the left and right portal point to the prince archbishops Guidobald Graf von Thun und Hohenstein and Johann Ernst Graf von Thun und Hohenstein. The interior After having crossed a vestibule, one stands in the nave, a high barrel-vaulted hall. In the front part of the Cathedral arches the eight-sided cupola. The ceilings are covered with stucco, which from 1631 to 1635 have beein manufactured by Andrea Orsolini and Giuseppe Bassarino with other sculptors from Italy. The ceiling paintings in the transept have been painted by Donato Mascagni, a Servite monk of Florence (Tuscany, Italy), and Antonio Solari, a son of the cathedral architect Santino Solari by 1630. In the choir round can be found monuments of deceased (prince) archbishops in two ways: once almost altar-like (1622-1727 used) and once in a still more splendid kind executed Wandgrabmäler (burial monuments along the wall). There are monuments to the prince archbishops Markus Sittikus von Hohenems, Guidobald Graf von Thun und Hohenstein, Maximilian Gandolph Count of Kuenburg, Johann Ernst Graf von Thun und Hohenstein, Franz Anton Prince Harrach, Leopold Anton Freiherr von Firmian, Jacob Ernst Graf Liechtenstein, Andreas I. Jakob Graf Dietrichstein and Sigismund III. Christoph Graf Schrattenbach. Choir stalls and pulpit are from the year 1859. The font Baptismal font of Salzburg Cathedral In the first chapel on the left of the entrance the only remnant of the establishment of Virgil's Cathedral in today's construction has been preserved, the bronze baptismal font. The round pool is supported by four reclining lions. The outer wall of the font is divided into 16 pilasters. These are supports for squeezed, as tapes unsed round arches, the figures of bishops (patrons and Holys of Salzburg ) showing. The lions are works of the 12th Century, the basin was created by a master Heinrich 1321, otherwise not more exactly establishable, the ceiling only 1959. The Cathedral bells The bell-ringing consists of seven bells. In 1942, during World War II, all had to be delivered with the exception of two bells. It remained the Marie Bell (Bell of Our Lady): Weight 4008 kg, sound B, and the Virgiliusglocke: Weight 1648 kg, Sound E flat, both bells were consecrated in 1628 by Prince Archbishop Paris Lodron and cast by Wolfgang and Johann Neidhart. On Rupert festivity in 1961 five new bells were consecrated: The Salvator bell: Weight: 14,256 kg, Sound E flat, donated by the entire Archdiocese of Salzburg The Rupert Bell: Weight: 8273 kg, Sound G flat; donated by the Salzburger Sparkasse The Josephiglocke: Weight: 2518 kg, Sound D flat; donated by the Salzburg Chamber of Commerce The Leonhardi bell: Weight: 1025 kg, Sound G flat; donated by the Salzburg Chamber of Agriculture The Barbara Bell: Weight: 715 kg, Sound A flat; donated by the Cathedral Parish These bells were made ​​by the Salzburg bell foundry Oberascher. The impact bells are the Rupertus bell for the hour strike, the Josephiglocke for the quarter-hour chime and the Salvator bell, this one is rung only on high feast days and at the arrival of the Archbishop in the Cathedral; on Sundays and public holidays the faithful calls to prayer; Cathedral organ Main article: Salzburg Cathedral organ In the cathedral are in addition to the main organ yet four organs in the crossing under the cathedral dome. Cathedral Museum Main article: Salzburg Cathedral Museum The entrance to the Cathedral Museum, which is located in the interior of the cathedral, is on the right of the main entrance to the cathedral. Crypt Main article: cathedral crypt The crypt in its present form exists only since the reopening of the cathedral in 1959. Data of the cathedral Length: 101 m Transept: 68 meters Towers 81 m high Dome 71 meters high Nave: 32 m high 11 altars It can accommodate 10 000 people

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