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Marchegg, Lower Austria, Pfarrkirche St. Margareta, la chiesa di Margherita di Antiochia, la iglesia de Margarita de Antioquía, l'église de Marguerite d'Antioche, the church of Margaret the Virgin, Kaplica Małgorzata z Antiochii Pizydyjskiej; Kirchenplatz

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posted by alias Josef Lex (El buen soldado Švejk) on Sunday 6th of October 2013 10:38:25 AM

The parish church Design and construction Machegg is documented have been founded in 1268 by Bohemian King Ottokar. Only ten years later, he fell in the battle against Rudolf of Habsburg in Dürnkrut. The city was therefore never fully developed. The Gothic parish church, dedicated to the Holy Margaretha, was not completed. To execution came just the choir - and as georradar measurments in 1998 resulted - the foundations of the long house. It was also determined by this deep investigations, that the portapoint (line between the portal) of the planned nave is over 7 meters outside the entrance of today's church (tower). The choir meets in the floor plan to that of the Dome of Wiener Neustadt, a mighty cathedral was Ottokar's plan! This portalpoint (after DI . Dr. E. Reidinger) is als urban planning point of reference. The church is in the axle geometry of the city involved, and therefore the key to the entire system concept and founding date . At that time, living and belief are a unit, such as state and church. The planning of the city is closely linked with that of the church. Eastern to Marchegg is the holy day, by which the town was entrusted to the divine protection and blessings. In 1268 fell the green thursday, standding at the beginning of the passion, death and finally the resurrection of jesus christ on the 5th april. On that day, so reveals the bent axis of our parish, the long house was oriented in the direction of sunrise. 8 april 1268 (Easter Sunday ) was then the orientation of the choir as part of a sacred act. Reidinger: "The reconstructed construction plan of the city and the orientation of the church with the bent axis give the answer to the date of the founding of the city. What great importance does this mean to the churchbuilding! in the resurrection liturgy (long time on Easter Sunday early in the morning hours celebrated) shines the rising sun through the middle window into the dark church interior! Christ is risen! As Rudolf I in the year 1278 achieved the mighty victory over King Ottokar, he gave in grateful remembrance of the fact that God, "not far from the church to marche field (Marchfeld)e", him rescued from the deadly danger, including the space along with bridge in front of the mill. In the donation letter issued by him he takes the church with their possessions under his special protection. Later, the exact date and reason on which legal situation is unknown, Marchegg figures as vicariate of the parish parish of melk Weikendorf and the abbey of melk was holding the patronage. From the year 1410 is a legal decision is available that the parish priest of Marchegg, the then called Wernherus, as mother gift to the church of Weikendorf every year for pennies pound as sign of filial dependence has to pay. In the year 1429 was Johann Ströbein from Grossenzersdorf rector of the filial church santa Margaret of Marchegg. In the same year figures Marchegg in a directory of the parishes and benefices of the diocese of Passau. On 23 July 1465 asked the owner of dominion of Marchegg, earl Rüdiger von Starhemberg, the abbot of melk to give the vacant parish church of Marchegg to the Mert Putner (Martinus Pertner). In the year 1506 came the former parish priest of Stillfried, Johannes Syndel as pastor to Marchegg. In the Protestant Reformation protestant estate owner salm and landau monopolized the patronage and put in preacher. The transfer of the reign earl Paul Pálffy took place on 26 May 1621 and in the course of the Counter-Reformation the condition take care of the parish and abolish the preachers in said place. Pallfy vowed further only to allow the Catholic religion in Marchegg. Probably the parish from the end of the fifteenth century has been administrated by the former P. Paulinern of Mariathal (marianka - Order of Saint Paul the First Hermit) in Slovakia. From there came a priest all months for pastoral work to Marchegg. Because due to the floods often no priest appeared, Pálffy 1632 war looking for a world-priest. However, because of the poor pay and the many damage to the church and the parsonage, he could not get one for some time until Pater Sebastian Kempf finally in the year 1634 here was delegated by by the order of Saint Paul. Before 1663 the erection of John Chapel next to the church. 1689 the parish was robbed during the kuruc fightings. On 10 March 1697 received in the local parish church a turkish woman the holy sacrament of baptism. Probably she was left behind from the entourage of the turkish war. 1748 Maria-Lauretta chapel was built next to the parish church on an old tomb. 1776 In the church was erected to the holy Leonhard and Wendelin a new constructed side altar. 1784 The branch site Breiteseen was separtend from the parish of Marchegg and raised to an independent "Lokalkaplay". 1784 The parish of Marchegg was incorporated into the archdiocese of Vienna. 1786 26the march was abandoned cemetery location around the church. Because of the danger of collapsing bell tower (roof rider) was demolished in 1787 and the roof is covered the same. 1786 - 1789 church annex 1790 worship was once again celebrated in the church and the church bells newly transferred to the new tower. 1850, as the bell tower threatened to collapse, it was removed, the main entrance of the church locked and the ship supported. 1853 Prince Pálffy let begin the construction of the church tower. The tower rests on 170 oak trunks. In 1855 the cross was placed on the newly constructed tower. The cross made of of iron has been galvanically gildened, was picked up in a solemn procession from the castle and consecrated by Dechant Simon Schwarz. Renovation of the church interior: a woman from Vienna, Magdalena Schineder, a marcheggerin (born to Marchegg), gave 350 fl, mister notary dionys Klemer 40 fl, for acquisition of new altarpiece for the high altar, which dates from the school of the famous painter Kupelwieser. The remaining contributions came from the community, from Vienna, Prague, Brno, Malacka and Baumgarten. Termination of the church renovation in 1856. 1878 600 year anniversary of the church. 1890 New stained glass windows. Donors. Prince Palffy, Earl Apponyi, Vicar Rohrwasser (born Marchegger): 1895 Prince Liechtenstein donated two stained glass windows 1897 Flood. Parsonage and church were under water. In the church, the water reached up to the kneeling benches. 1899 17th september round 5:15 early in the morning reached the high water church and main square. Church services took place till 23nd september in the castle chapel. 1899 Princess Palffy donated a white alb, which she had embroidered herself. 1910 12th november inserting of the figural windows was completed. In the night were broken parts and robbed the offertory. The pastor prompted to remove all offertories. 1911 King Ferdinand of Bulgaria visited the parish on the journey through. 1917 The copper and the skirts of the windows of the church tower were removed and replaced by zinc sheet. In january 1918 the organ pipes were requisitioned for war purposes. 1930 18.9. Laying of the foundation stone of a makeshift church at the railway station. 1931 7.10. Construction of the temporary church and nursery was completed. Financing by pastor Kowanda and the club "Catholic action in Marchegg". 1938 On 15th march came SA-men from Marchegg and took money, cash book and passbook of Catholic young folk. Amount of 45 shillings. Catholic young folk was dissolved. Since 7th april on the steeple blew the swastika flag. In 1940 cardinal Innitzer came for visitation to Marchegg. Teenagers rampaged and scolded the cardinal. 1945 Shelling of Marchegg - city church received 7 strikes. Above the presbyterium in the stone window frames, front under the base of the church. 4 shots hit the tower and the roof of the new part of the church. Between church and kindergarten 2 strikes, 5 strikes in the parish garden. In 1953, the statue of Holy Elisabeth was erected. In 1954, the statue of Saints Michael, Barbara and Katharina that were destroyed in the bomb hit came back restored. 9th may blessing of the bells. 1958 Completion of the extention of the church Christ the King at Marchegg station. 1960 At the renovation of the ceiling several frescoes were found, two of which were saved. Consecration the statue of St. Elizabeth, gift of the Federal Monuments Office. 1967 Lightning struck during a funeral in the church tower. Thanks to the lightning protection system, no damage has been produced. In 1970 the albhon organ was blessed by archbishop Dr. Josef Schoiswohl. Donation of Kommerzialrat Josef Durry. 1989 Consecration of altar and organ of the church of Christ the King by auxiliary bishop DDr. Helmut Krätzl. 1992 Consecration ot the new altar of the city church by Bishop Florian Kuntner.

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