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Halnaker Windmill

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posted by Adrian Pink alias Beardy Vulcan on Saturday 19th of October 2013 09:56:43 AM

Halnaker Windmill is a tower mill which stands on Halnaker Hill, northeast of Chichester, Sussex, England. The Mill is reached by this public footpath from the north end of Halnaker, where a track follows the line of Stane Street before turning west to the hilltop. There is no machinery in the brick tower which can be used for shelter.. . Halnaker Mill was first mentioned in 1540 as belonging to the manor of "Halfnaked". It was built for the Duke of Richmond as the feudal mill of the Goodwood Estate. The surviving mill is thought to date from the 1740s and is known to have been standing c.1780. Halnaker Mill was working until struck by lightning in 1905, damaging the sails and windshaft. The derelict mill was restored in 1934 by Neve's, the Heathfield millwrights as a memorial to the wife of Sir William Bird. Further repair work was done in 1954 by E Hole and Sons, The Burgess Hill millwrights. The mill was again restored in 2004. The mill is owned by West Sussex County Council.. . Halnaker Mill is a four storey tower mill with a sixteen sided beehive cap. The mill was originally hand winded, and later fitted with a fantail, which was not replicated when the mill was restored. The four common sails were originally carried on a wooden windshaft, which was damaged by the 1905 lightning strike. A cast iron windshaft and wooden brake wheel from a wind sawmill at Punnetts Town were fitted. The windshaft is cast in two pieces, bolted together and was too short for Halnaker Mill. Neve's inserted a spacer to lengthen it. The mill worked two pairs of overdrift millstones. The mill is currently undergoing restoration work. . . Halnaker Windmill stands on 128 metre high Halnaker Hill, a southern outpost of the South Downs. The hill is just within the southern boundary of the South Downs National Park which is England's newest National Park, having become fully operational on 1 April 2011. The park, covering an area of 1,627 square kilometres (628 sq mi) in southern England, stretches for 140 kilometres (87 mi) from Winchester in the west to Eastbourne in the east through the counties of Hampshire, West Sussex and East Sussex. The national park covers not only the chalk ridge of the South Downs, with its celebrated chalk downland landscape that culminates in the iconic chalky white cliffs of Beachy Head, but also a substantial part of a separate physiographic region, the western Weald, with its heavily wooded sandstone and clay hills and vales. The South Downs Way spans the entire length of the park and is the only National Trail that lies wholly within a national park. . . Halnaker is a hamlet which lies on the A285 road 3.5 miles (5.6km) northeast of Chichester, where it follows the line of the Roman road to London called Stane Street. There is a traditional pub, The Anglesey Arms and a blacksmiths shop. Goodwood House is southwest of the village. . . Halnaker is mentioned in the Domesday Book under Sussex in the lands belonging to Earl Roger. The book which was written in 1086 said:. . The same William holds Halnaker of the Earl. Alweard held it TRE and then as now it was assessed at nine hildes. There is land for five ploughs. In demesne (a piece of land attached to a manor and retained by the owner for their own use) there are two ploughs and seventeen villans with twelve cottars with two ploughs. There are eight acres of meadow and woodland for 9 pigs. In Chichester are three burgesses paying 5 shillings. TRE it was woth four pounds now 100 shillings.. .

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  • Published 08.11.22
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