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posted by Jim Surkamp alias Jim Surkamp on Sunday 8th of August 2021 06:37:00 PM

Martin Delany to Africa - To Be More Than Equal 1 - youtu.be/oHBTnaDgMvY Martin Delany - To Be More Than Equal 1 Credits 17:19 youtu.be/AJ0Ch2XvlEM Martin Delany - To Be More than Equal 2, Enthralls West Africa - summer, 1859 youtu.be/AiSi7oDRM0k Martin Delany To Be More Than Equal 2 Credits 38:59 youtu.be/EqQYMkiKrgk Martin Delany To Be More Than Equal 3 14:54 youtu.be/UnDvxC0dEcM Martin Delany To Be More Than Equal 3 Credits 34:19 youtu.be/66yJR6mvWKE This is a 3-part of a series about Martin Delany, born in 1812 in Charles Town, then Virginia going on to be the first African-American field officer in the U.S. Army, organizer in 1859 of a year long scientific expedition in West Africa, Harvard educated physician, co-editor of The North Start with Frederick Douglass, author of several books including one of the very first important novels by an African-American. It was called "Blake: The Huts of American," the story of a traveling insurrectionist serialized in the Anglo-African magazine in 1858-1860. After Lincoln met him in February, 1865 in the White House, the President immediately sent a memo to his Secretary of War, stating: "Do not fail to have an interview with this most intelligent and extraordinary black man." With Sonny Luckett as Martin Delany Made possible with the generous, community-minded support of American Public University System (apus.edu) to encourage fact-based discussion into the foundational issues from which our nation has evolved. BEGINS MRD 3 Introduction 0:00- 1 & 2 Channel 4 is a British public broadcast service. Lupita Nyong'o Meets Real Warrior Women Nov 3, 2019 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0TGKiMiZ68 ** On video:38-1:45: (1) The enemy is on the tip (2) of my machete www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0TGKiMiZ68 Channel 4 is a British public broadcast service. Lupita Nyong'o Meets Real Warrior Women Nov 3, 2019 3. TITLE: Don't even think about it Lupita Nyong'o Meets Real Warrior Women Nov 3, 2019 ** Delany wrote his rich, do-gooder friends in England to not even THINK about sending money to the Dahomey. 4. still image #Lupita #Channel4Documentary #Channel4 Lupita Nyong'o Meets Real Warrior Women Nov 3, 2019 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0TGKiMiZ68 ** 5-6 ** 1:57-2:04 in broadcast (5) we're going to cut him (6) into small pieces www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0TGKiMiZ68 Channel 4 is a British public broadcast service. Wikipedia Lupita Nyong'o Meets Real Warrior Women Nov 3, 2019 7. TITLE: "for the sake of humanity," he wrote. group Amazon Chris Hellier/Getty Images www.bbc.com/travel/article/20180826-the-legend-of-benins-... ** "For the sake of humanity" he wrote *** 1:12 - Amazon song over images 7-14 to 2:19 Lupita Nyong'o Meets Real Warrior Women - youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0TGKiMiZ68 1:18 - Kodo Spirit of Taiko over images 8-14 to 2:22 Apr 2, 2013 - micky2be gaming youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=5L6h-s5VSmU&list=RDEM7zjT2fDk... 1:18 - machete strikes over images 8-14 to 2:22 Machete (Hit, Slash, Deploy) Mar 9, 2021 Better FX youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=H85PnJ1OAvo&list=PLNxmz91tz4v... 7-13 Amazon group image Credit Chris Hellier/Getty Images 8. TITLE: Dahomey was notoriously focussed on war, slave hunts, mass human sacrifice and beheadings. 9. TITLE: Farming and trades were scorned in favor of conquests and plunder from twice-a-year slave hunts, their source of money. 10. TITLE: 5,000 elite, fierce women warriors formed the core. 11. TITLE: Martin Delany planned his trip for mid-August, 1859 to Abeokuta - the walled city that protected against slavers 12. TITLE: He postponed. A mass human sacrifice was done in July in which the Dahomeans used the blood of 2,000 victims to fill a ditch with enough blood "to float a canoe" 13. TITLE: Every August this "Grand Custom" used this blood to "water the graves" of past Kings. 14. Dahomey woman warrior with severed head in hand Forbes, Frederick E. (1851), "Dahomey and the Dahomans." Vol. 1 London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, library.si.edu library.si.edu/digital-library/book/dahomeydahomansb00forb Amazon facing p. 23 archive.org archive.org/details/dahomeydahomansb00forb/page/n41/mode/... 15. skulls and ornaments facing page 81 archive.org archive.org/details/dahomeydahomansb00forb/page/81/mode/1... * Delany responding to the news of the 1859 Grand Custom Subsidizing the King of Dahomi There is some talk by Christians and philanthropists in Great Britain of subsidizing the King of Dahomi. I hope for the sake of humanity, our race, and the cause of progressive civilization, this most injurious measure of compensation for wrong, never will be resorted to nor attempted. To make such an offering just at a time when we are about to establish a policy of self-regeneration in Africa, which may, by example and precept, effectually check forever the nefarious system, and reform the character of these people, would be to offer inducements to that monster to continue, and a license to other petty chiefs to commence the traffic in human beings, to get a reward of subsidy. Delany, Martin R. (1861). "OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE NIGER VALLEY EXPLORING PARTY." New York, T. Hamilton. p. 58. hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015003702209&vie... *** 2:29 - Sona Jobarteh & Band Kora from West Africa over images 16-28 to 3:52 Hochschule für Musik FRANZ LISZT Weimar Sonah Jobarteh – Acoustic Guitar/ Kora/ Vocals Maurice Brown – Acoustic Guitar Andi McLean – Electric Bass/ BVs Mouhamadou Sarr – Djembe/ Congas/ Calabash/ BVs youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ig91Z0-rBfo *** 2:51 - soft waves and seagulls over images 18-23 to 3:25 Softest Beach Sounds from the Tropics - Ocean Wave Sounds for Sleeping, Yoga, Meditation, Study – Lounge V Films - Relaxing Music and Nature Sounds youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=B1T06UhcX0Q ** 16. TITLE: After the Dehomeans cooled off, Delany with his cook and guide, William Johnson, both on horseback started for Abeokuta 16a. Apple Maps 16b. CAVALIER YOROUBA YORUBA HORSE AND RIDER - NIGERIA christies.com www.christies.com/en/lot/lot-5572505 17. TITLE: But then a civil war all over Yoruba drove them back to Lagos 17a. Apple Maps 17b. Two native American men mounted on horses, in silhouette, gazing off into the distance, c1904. Photograph by Edward Curtis (1868-1952). 17c. Martin R. Delany MOLLUS-Mass Civil War Photograph Collection Volume 74 usahec.org emu.usahec.org/alma/multimedia/174166/74_3659L.jpg 18. TITLE: "At least," Delany wrote. "the climate was delightful." 18a. Apple Maps 18b. Two native American men mounted on horses, in silhouette, gazing off into the distance, c1904. Photograph by Edward Curtis (1868-1952). - Image ID: D98CRF 18c. Martin R. Delany MOLLUS-Mass Civil War Photograph Collection Volume 74 usahec.org emu.usahec.org/alma/multimedia/174166/74_3659L.jpg ** At least, Delany wrote: "The climate was delightful." 19. TITLE: Every person should rise early in Africa, as the air is then coolest, freshest, and purest; 19a. The Africa We Don't See on Tv · January 26, 2018 - Ivory Coast facebook.com www.facebook.com/theafricawedontseeontv/photos/pcb.150683... 19b. Two native American men mounted on horses, in silhouette, gazing off into the distance, c1904. Photograph by Edward Curtis (1868-1952). - Image ID: D98CRF 19c. Martin R. Delany MOLLUS-Mass Civil War Photograph Collection Volume 74 usahec.org emu.usahec.org/alma/multimedia/174166/74_3659L.jpg 19d. CAVALIER YOROUBA YORUBA HORSE AND RIDER - NIGERIA christies.com www.christies.com/en/lot/lot-5572505 20. TITLE: the sight and song of the numerous birds to be seen and heard, Same sources as 19 21. TITLE: produce a healthful influence upon the mental and physical system. Same sources as 19 * Bathing Bathing should be strictly observed by every person at least once every day. Each family should be provided with a large sponge, or one for each room if not for each person, and free application of water to the entire person, from head to foot, should be made every morning. Early Rising—Breezes Every person should rise early in Africa, as the air is then coolest, freshest, and purest; besides the effect upon the senses, the sight and song of the numerous birds to be seen and heard, produce a healthful influence upon the mental and physical system. The land and sea-breezes blow regularly and constantly from half-past three o'clock p.m. till half-past ten o'clock a.m., when there is a cessation of about five hours till half-past three again.[Pg 322] Never Sultry The evenings and mornings are always cool and pleasant, never sultry and oppressive with heat, as frequently in temperate climates during summer and autumn. This wise and beneficent arrangement of Divine Providence makes this country beautifully, in fact, delightfully pleasant; and I have no doubt but in a very few years, so soon as scientific black men, her own sons, who alone must be more interested in her development than any other take the matter in hand, and produce works upon the diseases, remedies, treatment, and sanitary measures of Africa, there will be no more contingency in going to Africa than any other known foreign country. I am certain, even now, that the native fever of Africa is not more trying upon the system, when properly treated, than the native fever of Canada, the Western and Southern States and Territories of the United States of America. - Delany, Martin R. (1861). "OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE NIGER VALLEY EXPLORING PARTY." New York, T. Hamilton; catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001610366 sea comments 22. Cape Coast Castle, and Forts William, Victoria, and McCarthy, Gold Coast, mid-19th century. [Drawings of Western Africa, University of Virginia Library, Special Collections, MSS 14357, no 7] slaveryandremembrance.org slaveryandremembrance.org/articles/article/?id=A0103 ** 22. TITLE Leaving Cape-Coast Castle - noon, September 20th 23. TITLE: I took a spoonful dilution of sulphate of quinine 3x daily 23a. Martin R. Delany MOLLUS-Mass Civil War Photograph Collection Volume 74 usahec.org emu.usahec.org/alma/multimedia/174166/74_3659L.jpg 23b. Quinine sulphate bottle 1860-1910 in London collection.sciencemuseumgroup.org.uk collection.sciencemuseumgroup.org.uk/objects/co189273/qui... 23c. Medicine spoon 1701-1850 in Europe collection.sciencemuseumgroup.org collection.sciencemuseumgroup.org.uk/objects/co130448/med... 23d. Picture of red blood cells infected with malaria parasites. The parasites look like rings inside the cells. SOURCE: CDC/Steven Glenn, Laboratory & Consultation Division emedicinehealth.com www.emedicinehealth.com/malaria/article_em.htm 24. TITLE: The trip resumes 24a. Apple Maps 24b. Two native American men mounted on horses, in silhouette, gazing off into the distance, c1904. Photograph by Edward Curtis (1868-1952). 24c. Martin R. Delany ahec.armywarcollege.edu ahec.armywarcollege.edu/ *** 3:25 - single bee sounds over images 25-28 to 3:51 single bee #1 and #4 BEES BUZZING | Sound Effect [High Quality] May 30, 2016 Sound Effects youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=oHGt91cTSy4 25.-27. TITLE: Bees! Ever busy on every blossom! Bees in slow motion - shot on iPhone at 240fps Jan 2, 2018 Flow Hive youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=dUNFNhF8V1o 28. TITLE: air being freighted with fragrance; laden with "tons of beeswax" carried on their heads 28a. SOME FLOWER PLANTS FOUND IN RURAL NIGERIA skyscrapercity.com www.skyscrapercity.com/threads/flowers-plants-of-nigeria.... 28b. bee pollinating a flower Pollinators in Africa p. 7 sanbi.org www.sanbi.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/pollinafricabook... 28c.Tribal Women African Batik Art by Dom Z culturesinternational.com culturesinternational.com/products/african-batik-art-trib... 28a. Same as #28 wider frame * Delany, Martin R. (1861). "OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE NIGER VALLEY EXPLORING PARTY." New York, T. Hamilton. "air being freighted with fragrance" from the flowers and aroma of the exuberant, rich, rank growth of vegetable matter. . . encountered many persons laden with "tons of beeswax" carried on their heads . . .bees are seen ever busy on every blossom, gathering their store, leaving laden with the rich delicacies of the blooming flowers p. 20 - hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015003702209&vie... * connectnigeria.com connectnigeria.com/articles/2017/07/20-commonly-grown-flo... Native Plants of Nigeria Native Plants Of Nigeria Native Plants of NigeriaScientific Name Rogon DajiAmpelocissus africana African White MahoganyTurraeanthus africana Purple Plume GrassBothriochloa bladhii Thollon's StrophanthusStrophanthus thollonii Nganda CoffeeCoffea canephora West African Piassava PalmRaphia vinifera UbeDacryodes edulis YohimbePausinystalia johimbe Light BosseGuarea cedrata African Corkwood TreeMusanga cecropioides worldatlas.co www.worldatlas.com/articles/native-plants-of-nigeria.html skyscrapercity.com Flowers & Plants of Nigeria SOME FLOWER PLANTS FOUND IN RURAL NIGERIA pinterest.co www.pinterest.com/pin/361554676316253631/ & Sep 18, 2008 SOME FLOWER PLANTS FOUND IN RURAL NIGERIA www.skyscrapercity.com/threads/flowers-plants-of-nigeria.... bee pollinating Pollinators in Africa p. 7 www.sanbi.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/pollinafricabook... *** 3:51 - horses trot misc. over image 29 to 4:00 3:55 - over loping banjo by Shana Aisenberg over images 29-30 to 4:13 29. TITLE: Martin Delany William Johnson (two men on horseback with Kente background) 29a. Kente linen youramba.com youramba.com/blogs/news/50891267-history-and-glossary-of-... 29b. Two native American men mounted on horses, in silhouette, gazing off into the distance, c1904. Photograph by Edward Curtis (1868-1952) 30. TITLE: He saw hundreds of acres in unbroken tracts of Indian white corn, 30a. CGIAR System Organization Maize farmers in Nigeria Bello Abu Bakkar, maize farmer and president of the Nigerian Maize Association, amidst fellow farmers. Photo by C. de Bode/CGIAR flickr.com www.flickr.com/photos/cgiarconsortium/49083284276 30b. man mounted on horses, in silhouette, gazing off into the distance, c1904. Photograph by Edward Curtis (1868-1952) *** 4:13 - Shana Aisenberg playing fast twelve-string guitar over images 31-35 to 4:45 31. TITLE: Every day some of the boys of all sizes may be seen 31a. boy on horse with bird by David Hunter Strother Harpers New Monthly August, 1856 p. 31 32. TITLE: dashing along a road or over a plain at fearful speed on horseback. 32a. same image as 31a. 33.-35. TITLE: They are great vaulters and ankle-springers, and boys may frequently be seen to spring from the ground whirling twice—turning two summersets—before lighting on their feet. The Best flips - yayasylla842 Oct 22, 2019 Bolow Officiel youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=lLL5EkfEtsg *** 4:45 - Sona Jobarteh Band over images 36-42 to 5:01 4:45 - FX chickens over images over images 36-41 to 5:23 36. TITLE: The houses are built of unburnt clay which hardens in the sun, covered with a beautiful thatch-long, peculiar grass HOW THEY’RE MADE: TRADITIONAL BUILDING SYSTEMS – SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA thedotmanka.wordpress.com thedotmanka.wordpress.com/2015/05/11/how-theyre-made-trad... 37. TITLE: Great affection exists between husband and wife, 37a. HOW THEY’RE MADE: TRADITIONAL BUILDING SYSTEMS – SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA thedotmanka.wordpress.com thedotmanka.wordpress.com/2015/05/11/how-theyre-made-trad... 37b. Jacob Jordaens, Study of a Black Man’s Head (ca. 1620). Medium and size unknown. Formerly New York, Estate of Jacob Goldschmidt; present location unknown uir.unisa.ac.za uir.unisa.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10500/19126/Van%20Haute_... 37c. Woman with child Images et Memoires.com pinterest.co.uk www.pinterest.co.uk/search/pins/?q=West%20African%20mothe...[]=West%7Ctyped&term_meta[]=African%7Ctyped&term_meta[]=mother%7Ctyped&term_meta[]=1800s%7Ctyped ** the women being mostly restricted to household work, 38. TITLE: trading Local pottery,Illorin Market, Nigeria johnhindecollection.com www.johnhindecollection.com/nigeria1.html 39. TITLE: gathering in the fields, The Gleaners by Jean-François Millet - 1857 Musée d'Orsay wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Gleaners 40.TITLE: and aiding in carrying, About Us - Kitenge Pride - kitengepride.com kitengepride.com/ 41. TITLE: whilst the men principally do the digging, planting, chopping, and other hard work. Peasant Man and Woman Planting Potatoes by Vincent van Gogh - 1885 Kunsthaus - Zurich, Switzerland. paintingmania.com www.paintingmania.com/peasant-man-woman-planting-potatoes... ** whilst the men principally do the digging, planting, chopping, and other hard work. ** 42. TITLE: The children are also passionately beloved happy mother and child Benin Togo M Mrs. Earl www.peacecorps.gov/benin/ pinterest.com www.pinterest.com/pin/494410865333293979/ 42a. same as 42 but wider frame *** 5:22 - conch call followed by Eshue song over images 43-46 to 5:47 Eshu Ellegua Door opener Ministry of Miracles Healing School SB 3 years ago Eleguá likes all kinds of things associated with child's play, "the trickster." When he dances, he's playful and wants others to pay attention to him. youtube.com www.youtube.com/channel/UCW8OB1Zzlx97tJNfFyZlzPw/featured 43. Eshu conch Eshu Ellegua Door opener youtube.com www.youtube.com/channel/UCW8OB1Zzlx97tJNfFyZlzPw/featured 44. Ceremonial Mask of Eshu Eshu Ellegua Door opener youtube.com 45a-45d. Mask with additions The Best flips - yayasylla842 Oct 22, 2019 Bolow Officiel youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=lLL5EkfEtsg 46. Conch Eshu Ellegua Door opener youtube.com www.youtube.com/channel/UCW8OB1Zzlx97tJNfFyZlzPw/featured *** 5:28 - Igbo Dance: “Ije nwayo” by Agbani-Nguru Ikorodo Group over images 47-49 to 6:26 Africana Digital Ethnography Project - youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=31Z2XhcA-ns 47. Igbo Dancers Africana Digital Ethnography Project - youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=31Z2XhcA-ns 48. TITLE: and they love fun Mask - Eshu Ellegua Door opener youtube.com www.youtube.com/channel/UCW8OB1Zzlx97tJNfFyZlzPw/featured 48a. smiling girl/mask And they . . . 48b. smiling girl/mask Love Fun! 49. TITLE: They are very active 49a. Eshu mask - youtube.com 49b. The Best flips - yayasylla842 Oct 22, 2019 Bolow Officiel youtube.com 49c. Igbo Dance: “Ije nwayo” by Agbani-Nguru Ikorodo Group Africana Digital Ethnography Project - youtube.com 49d. silhouette of man on horseback - Photograph by Edward Curtis *** 6:26 - Shana Aisenberg easy banjo over images 49-54 to 6:58 6:26 - common raven over images 49-50 to 6:36 6:27 - horse neigh over image 49 to 6:32 6:29 - gallop one horse over images 49-50 to 6:39 50. TITLE: The fine Bornou, known as the Arabian horse, is a native of Africa, and raised in great numbers. a. kente linen b. Edward Curtis man on horseback c. Bodyguard of the Sheikh of Bornu, early 1820s Africa’s Forgotten Cavalry Kingdoms by CuChullaine O’Reilly FRGS lrgaf.org www.lrgaf.org/historical/African Knights.htm 51. TITLE: Delany visits Yorubaland and its markets 51a. Map of the Yoruba cultural area of West Africa, showing some settlements. 4 January 2016 Own work Bappah Licensing I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license: w:en:Creative Commons attribution share alike en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yorubaland#/media/File:Yorubaland_C... 52. TITLE: All through the Yoruba country the palm tree is cultivated, trimmed and pruned, and never cut down, except when very old. Palm oil tree and nuts - 1897 SourceList of Koehler Images AuthorFranz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elaeis_guineensis ** All through the Yoruba country the palm tree is cultivated, trimmed and pruned, and never cut down, except when very old. 53 & 54. TITLE: Palm nuts turned into a fragrant and deliciously rich oil are used both for light and cooking. woman pours processed palm oil into a glass bottle in Masethele village, Bombali District, Sierra Leone. Photo courtesy of Aubrey Wade Namati.org ensia.com ensia.com/features/sustainable-palm-oil-production-west-c... 54. hands sorting palm nuts Photo by hodag from Flickr licensed under CC nc-nd 2.0 ensia.com ensia.com/features/sustainable-palm-oil-production-west-c... * 'History of the Yorubas', by The Revd Samuel Johnson, first published in 1921 *** 6:59 - Powerful Oya songs (mother of changes) over images 55- to 8:46 Ministry of Miracles Healing School SB - youtube.com/ 8:08 - market sounds over images to 9:07 Powerful Oya songs (mother of changes) Ministry of Miracles Healing School SB Oyá is a fierce and powerful female warrior orisha in Santeria. She is the owner of the marketplace, and keeps the gates of the cemetery. She is the force of change in nature and in life. She wields lightning and rides the winds into battle, often fighting with her machetes side-by-side with her favorite lover, Changó. Oyá raises the armies of the dead as her soldiers and is said to use the tornado as her weapon. Oyá’s aché is fierce, tumultuous, changing and protective. youtube.com/ www.youtube.com/watch?v=0U_lS_hfKqE www.youtube.com/watch?v=YtrouhSprzA * Oya: Owner of the Marketplace The woman of the marketplace is also known for her abilities in the supplanting of power. Just as the tornado can pick up a house and deposit it miles away Oya can take power away from one and give it to another enlightenmentandtransformation.com www.enlightenmentandtransformation.com/2015/06/23/oya-2/ * Oya in the Company of Saints Judith Gleason Journal of the American Academy of Religion Vol. 68, No. 2 (Jun., 2000), pp. 265-291 (27 pages) Published By: Oxford University Press www.jstor.org/stable/1465923 55. TITLE: Oya protects the market and its exchange of life force Oya: Owner of the Marketplace looking out for swindlers and con artists . . . Oya is identified with the Catholic saint, St. Teresa originalbotanica.com www.originalbotanica.com/blog/orishas-oya-santeria/ 56. TITLE: is identified with Catholic St. Teresa of Avila Teresa of Ávila by Peter Paul Rubens - circa 1615 Kunsthistorisches Museum wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teresa_of_%C3%81vila#/media/File:Pe... 57. Oya/Teresa same sources as above 58. TITLE Market Day, Ilorin, Yorubaland Market Day by Godwin Atta Geoman greatbigcanvas.com www.greatbigcanvas.com/view/market-day,2049978/ 59. TITLE: Market Day by Godwin Atta Geoman greatbigcanvas.com www.greatbigcanvas.com/view/market-day,2049978/ 60. TITLE: The markets, large and small, are self-organized and well-run by a manager. a. Market Day by Godwin Atta Geoman greatbigcanvas.com www.greatbigcanvas.com/view/market-day,2049978/ b. Photograph by Edward Curtis (1868-1952) 60a. TITLE: Ilorin has five markets each at one of the city's gates. a. Market Day by Godwin Atta Geoman greatbigcanvas.com www.greatbigcanvas.com/view/market-day,2049978/ b. Photograph by Edward Curtis (1868-1952) ** The markets, large and small, are self-organized and well-run by a manager. Ilorin has five markets each at one of the city's gates *** 7:42 - sheep FX over images 61-63 to 7:57 7:57 - squab FX over image 64 to 8:04 Pigeon sound effect no copyright | birds sounds Nagaty Studio - Sound Effects youtube.com 61. TITLE: and has had as many as eight hundred sheep at one time. resting sheep Thomas Sidney Cooper, R.A. APRIL SHOWERS sothebys.com www.sothebys.com/en/auctions/ecatalogue/2012/british-iris... ** and has had as many as eight hundred sheep at one time. 62. TITLE: When approaching the city of Ibadan, a. Ibaden circa 1851 drawing by Anna Hinderer Crowder, Michael. (1977). "West Africa: An Introduction to Its History." Lagos, Nigeria: Longman Group, Ltd.Turner p. 88 b. Photograph by Edward Curtis (1868-1952) ** When approaching the city of Ibadan, 63. TITLE: I saw at a brook, where they had been let out of their cages or coops to drink and wash themselves, a. Sheep-Washing, Windsor, Etched by Joseph Mallord William Turner collections.britishart.yale.edu collections.britishart.yale.edu/catalog/tms:30636 b. Photograph by Edward Curtis (1868-1952) ** I saw at a brook, where they had been let out of their cages or coops to drink and wash themselves, 64. TITLE: and saw as many as three thousand pigeons and squabs going to the Ibadan market. a. squab live :31 sec modbee.com www.modbee.com/news/business/agriculture/article131340944... b. horseman silhouette from photograph by Edward Curtis ** and saw as many as three thousand pigeons and squabs going to the Ibadan market. * English: pigeon chicks of 20+ days. Bangladesh. SourceOwn work AuthorMamun2a Licensing I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses: w:en:Creative Commons attribution share alike This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squab 64a. Same as 63 a. Sheep-Washing, Windsor, Etched by Joseph Mallord William Turner collections.britishart.yale.edu collections.britishart.yale.edu/catalog/tms:30636 b. Photograph by Edward Curtis (1868-1952) *** 8:08 - Kalangu talking drum and market sounds over images 65- to ADD African Drumming - Rhythms of West Africa - Tamafola - africandrumming youtube.com; FOLLOW ME TO OYINGBO MARKET, LAGOS NIGERIA 2 | Flo Chinyere 13:10-13:32 youtube.com 65. TITLE: Delany and Johnson milled among the gleeful noisy thousands at Ilorin's markets. 65a. Market Day by Godwin Atta Geoman greatbigcanvas.com www.greatbigcanvas.com/view/market-day,2049978/ 65b. FOLLOW ME TO OYINGBO MARKET, LAGOS NIGERIA 2 | Flo Chinyere 13:10-13:32 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch? ** Delany and Johnson milled among the gleeful noisy thousands at Ilorin's markets. 66. TITLE: Kolade Oshinowo MEMORIES OF SAMARU artnet.com www.artnet.com/artists/kolade-oshinowo/memories-of-samaru... 67. TITLE: In the afternoon, when the traffic had not fully set in, Kolade Oshinowo MEMORIES OF SAMARU artnet.com www.artnet.com/artists/kolade-oshinowo/memories-of-samaru... ** In the afternoon, when the traffic had not fully set in, 68. TITLE: they would often go out and preach Looking up at palm trees wiltoday.wordpress.com wiltoday.wordpress.com/2013/07/30/soup-from-nigeria/ 69. TITLE: to the people under the trees. wiltoday.wordpress.com wiltoday.wordpress.com/2013/07/30/soup-from-nigeria/ ** they would often go out and preach to the people under the trees. 70. TITLE: At the market, women from early morn till nine o'clock at night, sell their various merchandise. 70a. smiling vendor FOLLOW ME TO OYINGBO MARKET, LAGOS NIGERIA 2 | Flo Chinyere 13:10-13:32 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=38W5koL9Z2g&list=RDCMUC-9lzGH... 70b. Market Day by Godwin Atta Geoman greatbigcanvas.com www.greatbigcanvas.com/view/market-day,2049978/ ** At the market, Women from early morn till nine o'clock at night, sold their merchandise. 71. TITLE: As Martin browsed the market he heard in his heart a lyrical magic in the words being spoken around him. It was a music 71a. smiling vendor FOLLOW ME TO OYINGBO MARKET, LAGOS NIGERIA 2 | Flo Chinyere 13:10-13:32 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=38W5koL9Z2g&list=RDCMUC-9lzGH... 71b. Market Day by Godwin Atta Geoman greatbigcanvas.com www.greatbigcanvas.com/view/market-day,2049978/ 71c. Lewis Arnold (Brigadier General), Albert Barney (Colonel), Martin Delany (Major) 74_3659L.jpg - MOLLUS-Mass Civil War Photograph Collection Volume 74 usahec.org emu.usahec.org/alma/multimedia/174166/74_3659L.jpg 72. TITLE: but with an ancient heritage he did not yet know 72a. smiling vendor FOLLOW ME TO OYINGBO MARKET, LAGOS NIGERIA 2 | Flo Chinyere 13:10-13:32 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=38W5koL9Z2g&list=RDCMUC-9lzGH... 72b. Market Day by Godwin Atta Geoman greatbigcanvas.com www.greatbigcanvas.com/view/market-day,2049978/ 72c. Lewis Arnold (Brigadier General), Albert Barney (Colonel), Martin Delany (Major) 74_3659L.jpg - MOLLUS-Mass Civil War Photograph Collection Volume 74 usahec.org emu.usahec.org/alma/multimedia/174166/74_3659L.jpg ** but with an ancient heritage he did not yet know 73. TITLE: What is the common heritage 74. TITLE: of the Yoruba spoken word *** PSALM 23 IN YORUBA LANGUAGE over images Jul 14, 2017 QUEEN ADUNNI ADE youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=v8T-R8pH6iE 75. TITLE: And 76. TITLE: the "words of the Talking Drum?" Gangan talking drum EmmanuelOEmmanuel - Own work wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talking_drum ** and the "words of the Talking Drum?" *** Ayan Bisi Adeleke - Master talking drummer - drum talks edElud Bisi playing the talking drum. Plays dundun - part 1. Plays gongon and bembe in part two. Edited on Linux with Cinelerra. youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4oQJZ2TEVI 77. TITLE: My name is Ayan Bisi Adeleke. 78. TITLE: I am from the University from Nigeria. 78. TITLE: We have these talking drums as our genetics. Ayan Bisi Adeleke - Master talking drummer - drum talks edElud Bisi playing the talking drum. Plays dundun - part 1. Plays gongon and bembe in part two. Edited on Linux with Cinelerra. youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4oQJZ2TEVI *** 9:32 - Ayan Bisi Adeleke playing drum over images 80-93 to: 10:38 approx begins :13 - youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4oQJZ2TEVI 80. Ayan Bisi Adeleke playing drum approx begins :13 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4oQJZ2TEVI 80. Ayan Bisi Adeleke playing drum approx begins :13 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4oQJZ2TEVI 81.TITLE: Ogotemmêli, Dogon griot - 1947 says; 82.TITLE: "It is the Nommo who made it." Il Mistero dei Dogon Tony Graffio youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0c1x1pU7e4 * wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ogotemmeli * Ogotemmêli died 1962, was blind GRIAULE E OGOTEMMELI enrica tedeschi youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=geqks7nv4KE 83. Side view of Ogotemmêli Il Mistero dei Dogon Tony Graffio youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0c1x1pU7e4 84. TITLE: Read by this narrator as the account of how the Talking Drum was created given to Marcel Griaule by Ogotemmêli & preserved in a poetic language, a Yoruba tradition. Kente linen youramba.com youramba.com/blogs/news/50891267-history-and-glossary-of-... 85. Ogotemmêli sitting back against a wall Il Mistero dei Dogon Tony Graffio youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0c1x1pU7e4 86-92. Il Mistero dei Dogon shared by Tony Graffio youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0c1x1pU7e4&t=493s Images 86-92: 86. TITLE: “He threaded it with his fingers, as children do today with string games. 87. TITLE: Spreading his hands, he passed the thread ten times in each of his four fingers, 88. TITLE: the thumb not being used. He thus obtained in each hand forty loops 89. TITLE: which made eighty strings, the exact number of teeth of one of his jaws. 90. TITLE: His webbed hands were the skins at the two extremities. 90a. Il Mistero dei Dogon shared by Tony Graffio youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0c1x1pU7e4&t=493s 90b. ddondo-tambour-parlant-talking-drum kindpng.com www.kindpng.com/free/drums/12/ 91. TITLE: Symbolically, to hit the drum is to hit the hands of the Nommo.” 91a. Il Mistero dei Dogon shared by Tony Graffio youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0c1x1pU7e4&t=493s 91b. dondo-tambour-parlant-talking-drum kindpng.com www.kindpng.com/free/drums/12/ 92. Ogotemmêli Il Mistero dei Dogon shared by Tony Graffio youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=x0c1x1pU7e4&t=493s * “Thus man received the final, complete, and multiple word that suited the new times.” ― Marcel Griaule, Dieu d’Eau www.culturesofwestafrica.com/talking-drum/ Conversations with Ogotemmêli by Marcel Griaule, Marcel an introduction to Dogon religious ideas 93. Montage Adeleke/Ogotemmêli 93a. Ayan Bisi Adeleke playing drum youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4oQJZ2TEVI over images to ADD 93b.GRIAULE E OGOTEMMELI enrica tedeschi youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=geqks7nv4KE *** 10:39 - PSALM 23 IN YORUBA LANGUAGE over images 94-105 to: 11:29 Jul 14, 2017 QUEEN ADUNNI ADE - youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=v8T-R8pH6iE 94. TITLE: Delany wrote of the women of the marketplace: 94a. FOLLOW ME TO OYINGBO MARKET, LAGOS NIGERIA 2 | Flo Chinyere 13:10-13:32 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=38W5koL9Z2g&list=RDCMUC-9lzGH... 94b. Market Day by Godwin Atta Geoman greatbigcanvas.com www.greatbigcanvas.com/view/market-day,2049978/ 95. TITLE: They are very polite 95a. FOLLOW ME TO OYINGBO MARKET, LAGOS NIGERIA 2 | Flo Chinyere 13:10-13:32 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=38W5koL9Z2g&list=RDCMUC-9lzGH... 95b. Market Day by Godwin Atta Geoman greatbigcanvas.com www.greatbigcanvas.com/view/market-day,2049978/ 96. TITLE (Spoken Word) FOLLOW ME TO OYINGBO MARKET, LAGOS NIGERIA 2 | Flo Chinyere 13:10-13:32 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=38W5koL9Z2g&list=RDCMUC-9lzGH... 97. TITLE: their language abounding in vowels, FOLLOW ME TO OYINGBO MARKET, LAGOS NIGERIA 2 | Flo Chinyere 13:10-13:32 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=38W5koL9Z2g&list=RDCMUC-9lzGH... 98. TITLE: consequently euphonious and agreeable FOLLOW ME TO OYINGBO MARKET, LAGOS NIGERIA 2 | Flo Chinyere 13:10-13:32 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=38W5koL9Z2g&list=RDCMUC-9lzGH... 99. TITLE: affable, same as 94 100. TITLE: sociable, same as 95 101. TITLE: tractable same as 95 ** their language abounding in vowels, and consequently euphonious and agreeable—they are affable, sociable, and tractable, seeking information with readiness, and evincing willingness to be taught with high conceptions of the Supreme Being 102. TITLE: Amen same as 95 103. TITLE: The Yoruba language abounds in vowels and is euphonious as Delany wrote Kente linen youramba.com youramba.com/blogs/news/50891267-history-and-glossary-of-... ** The Yoruba language abounds in vowels and is euphonious as Delany wrote 104. TITLE: because it is based on a tri-tonal scale and is mostly defined by the tri-tonic scale, Kente linen youramba.com youramba.com/blogs/news/50891267-history-and-glossary-of-... ** because it is based on a tri-tonal scale and is mostly defined by the tri-tonic scale, 11:29 - Ayan Bisi Adeleke playing drum over image 105 to 11:43 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4oQJZ2TEVI 105. TITLE: as do the talking drums 105a. Ayan Bisi Adeleke playing drum youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4oQJZ2TEVI 105b.GRIAULE E OGOTEMMELI enrica tedeschi youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=geqks7nv4KE *** 11:43 - tritonic scale over image 106 to 11:52 wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tritonic_scale_on_E.mid 106. Tritonic scale/dondo tambour Montage 106a. Tritonic scale on E. Date 24 June 2012 Source Own work Author Hyacinth Other versions File:Tritonic_scale_on_E.mid en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tritonic_scale#/media/File:Tritonic... 106b. dondo-tambour-parlant-talking-drum kindpng.com www.kindpng.com/free/drums/12/ *** 12:01 - Bisi Adeleke playing drum over images 107-108 to 12:09 107. TITLE: The hour glass drum's pitch can be regulated to mimic the tone and prosody of human speech to great complexity. 107a. Kente linen youramba.com youramba.com/blogs/news/50891267-history-and-glossary-of-... 107b. dondo-tambour-parlant-talking-drum kindpng.com www.kindpng.com/free/drums/12/ 108. TITLE: to mimic the tone and prosody of human speech to great complexity. 108a. and 108b - Same as 107a & 107b * www.vaiden.net/african_talking_drum.pdf en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tritonic_scale_on_E.mid *** 12:09 - Dahomey women warriors chant with machete sound over images 109-111 to 12:26 Lupita Nyong'o Meets Real Warrior Women - youtube.com 12:23 - drummer today African Drumming - Rhythms of West Africa - Tamafola - over image 111 to 12:31 culturesofwestafrica.com & youtube.com africandrumming www.youtube.com/watch?v=3hrtbZVO6Ng www.culturesofwestafrica.com/talking-drum/ 109. TITLE: take away the talking drums 109a. Dahomey women youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0TGKiMiZ68 Channel 4 is a British public broadcast service. Lupita Nyong'o Meets Real Warrior Women Nov 3, 2019 110. TITLE the first thing they do is take away the talking drums 110a. warriors Dahomey www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0TGKiMiZ68 Channel 4 is a British public broadcast service. Lupita Nyong'o Meets Real Warrior Women Nov 3, 2019 110b.dondo-tambour-parlant-talking-drum kindpng.com www.kindpng.com/free/drums/12/ ** it is little wonder that when an invader conquers a people in West Africa, the first thing they do is take away the talking drums ** 111. TITLE: and imprison their masters because detailed messages couldbe sent from one village to the next 111a. warriors Dahomey www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0TGKiMiZ68 Channel 4 is a British public broadcast service. Lupita Nyong'o Meets Real Warrior Women Nov 3, 2019 111b. drummer today hair flying African Drumming - Rhythms of West Africa - Tamafola - africandrumming www.youtube.com/watch?v=3hrtbZVO6Ng www.culturesofwestafrica.com/talking-drum/ ** and imprison their masters 112. modern day drummer image African Drumming - Rhythms of West Africa - Tamafola - africandrumming www.youtube.com/watch?v=3hrtbZVO6Ng www.culturesofwestafrica.com/talking-drum/ *** 12:37 - galloping of one horse over images 113-114 to 13:05 12:43 - talking drum of Bisi Adeleke at three different volume and reverb levels over images 112-113 to 13:05 Ayan Bisi Adeleke playing drum - youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4oQJZ2TEVI 113. TITLE: faster than could be carried by a person riding a horse. A Ride for Liberty by Eastman Johnson circa 1862 Brooklyn Museum wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Ride_for_Liberty_%E2%80%93_The_Fu... ride to liberty – and echoe-ing of adelele fainter fainter ** because detailed messages could be sent from one village to the next faster than could be carried by a person riding a horse. 114. Sunset *** 13:06 - Sona Jobarteh & Band Kora from West Africa over images 114-125 to 13:50 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ig91Z0-rBfo 13:12 - market sounds over image 115 to 14:00 Sounds of Lagos: you can hear the hustle youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=C9WJ2CzYE68 FOLLOW ME TO OYINGBO MARKET, LAGOS NIGERIA 2 | Flo Chinyere 13:10-13:32 - youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch? ADD 13:55 - Oya chorus over image 126 to 14:07 14:06 - crickets over image 127 to ADD when finished 114. TITLE: William Johnson, Delany's guide, translator "William Johnson" (semblance) His First Vote by Thomas Waterman Wood americangallery19th.wordpress.com americangallery19th.wordpress.com/category/wood-thomas-wa... 115. TITLE: also waded thru the crowds Market Day by Godwin Atta Geoman greatbigcanvas.com www.greatbigcanvas.com/view/market-day,2049978/ 116. TITLE: translating Martin's questions 116a. William Johnson" (semblance) His First Vote by Thomas Waterman Wood americangallery19th.wordpress.com americangallery19th.wordpress.com/category/wood-thomas-wa... 116b. Market Day by Godwin Atta Geoman greatbigcanvas.com www.greatbigcanvas.com/view/market-day,2049978/ ** William Johnson, Delany's guide, translator also waded thru the crowds translating Martin's questions 117. TITLE: as Martin admired the mangrove English: Mangrove Apple (Sonneratia caseolaris), upripe தமிழ்: கிண்ணம் பழம் (காய் நிலை) Date 28 February 2013, 12:52:21 Source Own work Author Anton Croos and his blog, Art of Photography commons.wikimedia.org commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mangrove_Apple.JPG 118. TITLE: papayas Carica papaya Paw paw in Nigeria Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen (List of Koehler Images) - 1897 wikipedia.org commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carica_papaya_-_K%C3%B6hl... 119. TITLE: (as Martin admired the mangroves, papaya,) pineapples, 119a. Juju FilmsFollow Roadside Produce Market Bwari LGA Abuja Nigeria www.flickr.com/photos/jujufilm/16573204132/in/photostream/ flickr.com www.flickr.com/photos/jujufilm/16572853392/in/photostream/ 119b. Martin Delany Martin Delany, c. 1847. Called the father of Black Nationalism, this rare image captures Delany, already an abolitionist, writer, publisher, and journalist at this point in his life. Courtesy of Floyd Thomas. heinzhistorycenter.org www.heinzhistorycenter.org/blog/collection-spotlight/rare... ** as Martin admired the mangroves, papaya, pineapples, 120. TITLE: keeping his parasol high to protect him from the brutal august sun 120a. Juju FilmsFollow Roadside Produce Market Bwari LGA Abuja Nigeria www.flickr.com/photos/jujufilm/16573204132/in/photostream/ flickr.com www.flickr.com/photos/jujufilm/16572853392/in/photostream/ 120b. Martin Delany Martin Delany, c. 1847. Called the father of Black Nationalism, this rare image captures Delany, already an abolitionist, writer, publisher, and journalist at this point in his life. Courtesy of Floyd Thomas. heinzhistorycenter.org www.heinzhistorycenter.org/blog/collection-spotlight/rare... 120c. Marius-system umbrella (Source: Palais Galliera) umbrellaworkshop.com www.umbrellaworkshop.com/umbrellas/history-of-the-umbrella/ ** keeping his parasol high to protect him from the brutal august sun 121. TITLE: and sipping lemonade made of water, lemon and a teaspoonful of carbonate of soda. African American woman drinking tea (Labeled “The Cup that Cheers”) published in the Library of Amateur Photography manual in the "At-Home Portraiture, Flashlight, Commercial and Press Photography” volume in 1911. CreatorGaines, Marion Stark, 1850-1942. Property of the Columbus-Lownde Public Library collections.msdiglib.or collections.msdiglib.org/digital/collection/columbus/id/15 ** and sipping lemonade made of water, lemon and a teaspoonful of carbonate of soda. 122. TITLE: but he ate lightly. 122a. MRD portrait 1847 122b. umbrella 122c. market 123. TITLE By dusk, it grew cooler, a new moon setting sun and out-stretched palm standardcoldpressedoil.com www.standardcoldpressedoil.com/hub/lamp-oil-a-medium-to-e... ** By dusk, it grew cooler A new moon 124. Women in the dark market a typical Nigerian market scene - pinterest.com www.pinterest.com/pin/1125968637489132/ 125. TITLE: and the women of the market lit their palm oil lamps 125a.a typical Nigerian market scene - pinterest.com www.pinterest.com/pin/1125968637489132/ 125b. lit oil lamp allwhitebackground.com www.allwhitebackground.com/oil-lamp-wallpapers.html/downl... ** and the women of the market lit their palm oil lamps 126a. lit oil lamp allwhitebackground.com 126b. exaggerated stars in sky Christmas stara lighting background pngtree.com 127. black background 122. TITLE: but he ate lightly. 123. TITLE: By dusk, it grew cooler, a new moon 124. (NO TITLE): Women in the dark market 125. TITLE: and the women of the market lit their palm oil lamps 126. TITLE: with the brilliance of stars. 127. TITLE: later to retire one by one leaving tomb-like darkness 128. (extended narrataive to conclusion) open palm sun William and Martin placed their mats right on the ground in a wooded spot - they had only seen one leopard, three tarantulas and two snakes on the whole trip - Martin changed into clean clothes. They covered themslves with calico covers to rise before daybreak toresume thw final leg of their expedition to Abeokuta, where crowds would later gather and rejoice. Martin rose, ate an orange, bathed from head to foot, walked out and breathed deeply the moist, cool morning air, had some coffee with cream and sweetener and off they went. 129. Kente linen youramba.com youramba.com/blogs/news/50891267-history-and-glossary-of-... Delany and Johnson left again on October 30th for Abeokuta with its 100,000 people, and was met with great joy on November 5th. Princess Tinuba had already said she had more hope of a regeneration of Africa through Dr. Delany than ever before. She had promised to place the entire management of her extensive business - with her immediate household of about sixty persons, and constantly employing about three hundred and sixty persons bringing her palm-oil and ivory - in Dr. Delany’s hands, as much advantage was taken of her by foreigners. p. 36 babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015003702209&vie... For weeks, one meeting after another were held with cotton traders, missionaries, chiefs, Campbell and Delany, discussing improving a road to Lagos, reorganizing the schools, and fixing the printing press for the only local English newspaper. Building trust. Forging ties. Delany himself was rejoiced speaking at the missionaries’ request and praying the Almighty for providence in the challenges ahead. We would call it a memo of understanding today signed by Delany, Campbell, King Alake and the seven chiefs in his council, with strong supporters Samuel and Josiah Crowther, the sons of the future Bishop Crowther, witnessing. The next day, it was formally ratified, saying Egba territory could be settled by persons of color with skills from America to improve the lands, if they followed rules of the Egba people Dec 27 memo of understanding signed the next day ratified the next day p. 35 Report babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015003702209&vie... No sooner had Delany and Campbell left to tour the territory, than the virulently racist, first missionary to the area - Rev. Henry Townsend – wrote letters calling the agreement invalid, pressing Alake to rescind it, calling the project a "civilized heathenism.” Having African governing Africans, he railed, was not the will of God and sinfully excluded, he ranted, the sweet natures of white English missionaries and their dear old England - the land of Christianity, Commerce and Civilization. But it was a new stage of his hatred directed at the most important supporter of the project, Rev. Samuel Crowther who would soon advance up the career ladder of missionaries, that ditched Townsend --- and made him Bishop Crowther. Delany and Campbell stayed with the good news message to take to England when they set sail ---- for Liverpool to spell out this way to keep the textile mills humming with African cotton, even with a Civil War, and while advancing England’s colony in West Africa as a respected partner in making linens. Lecture halls were packed. Everyone wanted to know - especially Queen Victoria, who loathed slavery. What happened over time was the Civil War did NOT prevent cottons from the South getting to England. being exchanged in English-controlled Barbados for Enfield rifles. There were holes in the federal blockade. Moreover, what became clear is the old tried-and-true business networks and collaborations - one all within Africa, of cotton growers, dyers, weavers and spinners - the other between England and the South - held the course. Delany and Campbells brilliant idea could ha



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