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Turnpike Street, 077, Howard & Sons, James Elliot, United States Post Office, 77 Turnpike Street, Eastondale, MA, info, Easton Historical Society

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posted by alias Historical Images on Saturday 9th of November 2019 11:26:11 AM

More information on this image is available at the Easton Historical Society in North Easton, MA www.flickr.com/photos/historicalimagesofeastonma/albums , image, Howard & Sons, J. E., 77 Turnpike Street, Eastondale, MA, source, Chris Welch,, info, Easton Historical Society.. , The development by Oliver Ames and Sons Corporation of the factory and village land use in a rather organic manner with a mix work-related classes created an integrated geographic network. The housing on perimeter edge with factories and business affairs in the center creating the village concept in North Easton. Other important concepts were the Furnace Village Cemetery, Furnace Village Grammar School and the Furnace Village Store, which explains Eastondale, Furnace Village and other sections of Easton. source: Massachusetts Historical Commission , Eastondale Post Office Written by James H. Healey Mr. William Bosworth was Postmaster at the Eastondale Post Office when it was in the station yard. This was probably in the late 1890s. The records were destroyed in 1930 by fire. After 1930, the post office was in the J. M Howard and Son Store and James M. Howard was Postmaster. The old post office building in the station yard was bought by J.E. Howard and moved up to Pine Street and used as an ell on the house occupied by the late Dennis Brophy. After a few years, James M. Howard gave up the office and a new post office was built on the left near the old railroad bridge. Clifford Packard was then appointed Postmaster and he had a barber shop along with the post office. After several years he resi,gned and Hattie Fiske was appointed Postmistress. She resigned when she remarried and moved to Virginia; then Ruby Howard was appointed in 1916 and served until February of 1930, when she resigned. Very soon after her appointment, however, the office was moved into J.E. Howard's store and her sister, Linda Howard, was appointed Postmistress. She was followed by Herbert DeCouto. In November of 1972, the post office in Eastondale was closed and Herbert DeCouto was appointed Postmaster of the North Easton Post office. Source: History of Easton, Massachusetts, Vol. II, M. McEntee, Easton Historical Society, ET AL, 1886-1974 , History of Early School Days in Eastondale and Turnpike Street below , 77 Turnpike Street In 1900, the James Elliot Howard & Sons at 77 Turnpike Street was owned and operated by James Elliot, and Flora May Wilson Howard. In 1870, James Elliot Howard was residing in Eastondale with his parents, James M., a shoemaker, and his wife, Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard, and a boarder, Nathan H. Fuller, a shoemaker. In 1880, James Elliot Howard was residing in Eastondale with his parents, James M., a grocery store keeper, and his wife, Rolanda Alden Howard. By 1871, James Elliot Howard' parents, James M., and Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard purchased a parcel of land, previously used as a shoe shop, from the owner, Lewis M. Thayer living at 81 Turnpike Street. From 1858 through 1870, Lewis M. Thayer, residing at 81 Turnpike Street, built a factory next to his house where he operated a shoe shop business. The Howard family owned a lumberyard at 77 Turnpike Street and an apartment building at 71-75 Turnpike Street. The apartment building replaced the Howard Shoe Company building which was built in 1886. The Thayer's shoe shop was replaced by the new building. In January of 1885, a three-member partnership consisting of James M. Howard, James Elliot Howard and M. H. Willis formed the Howard Shoe Company at 71 Turnpike Street. The first year of business started doing so on a small scale. Later, the company built a building on the property measuring sixty by twenty-two feet. They were able to hire more help to increase the production of products for the company. In 1888, the factory was replaced by a three-apartment building. The store, shoe shop and lumberyard benefited from their location near the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad tracks and the Eastondale Railroad Station. In 1895, the map of Eastondale shows the parcel at 71 Turnpike Street as noted with the name, - J. M. Howard. – On May 31, 1892, James Elliot Howard married Flora May Wilson in Easton, daughter of Harrison Y., and Emily A. Simpson Wilson. In 1900, residing at 70 Turnpike Street were James Elliot, a dry goods and grocery dealer, and his wife, Flora May Wilson Howard, with their son, James Marzy Howard, and their three daughters, Ruby Elliot, Lela May, and Emily Elizabeth Howard. In 1910, residing at 70 Turnpike Street were James Elliot, a dry goods and grocery dealer, and his wife, Flora May Wilson Howard, with their two sons, Asaph Marshall, and James Marzy Howard, and their five daughters, Ruby Elliot, Linda Fuller, Flora Wilson, Lela May, and Emily Elizabeth Howard. By 1911, James M., and Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard’s, James Elliot Howard was operating James E. Howard & Sons, and the Eastondale branch of the United States Post Office at 77 Turnpike in Eastondale. In 1917, the Easton Massachusetts City Directory listed James Elliot Howard in the listings - Easton Town Officers as a Selectman, Assessors of Taxes and Overseers of Poor, with other members, Henry W. Heath and Frank P. Keith. In 1917, the Easton Massachusetts City Directory listed James Elliot Howard, the Eastondale Postmaster, residing with his wife, Flora May Wilson Howard on Turnpike Street in Eastondale. In 1920, residing at 70 Turnpike Street were James Elliot, a grocery store keeper, and his wife, Flora May Wilson Howard, with their two sons, Asaph Marshall, and James Marzy Howard, and their five daughters, Ruby Elliot, Linda Fuller, Flora Wilson, Lela May, and Emily Elizabeth Howard. In 1930, residing at 70 Turnpike Street were James Elliot, a grocery store proprietor, and his wife, Flora May Wilson Howard, with their son, James Marzy Howard, a grocery store clerk, and their three daughters, Ruby Elliot, a United States Post Office mistress, Linda Fuller, a Post Office clerk, and Flora Wilson Howard, a wholesale grocery bookkeeper, and James' mother, Rolanda Alden Howard. In 1930, the original store, the J. M. Howard General Store & United States Post Office at 77 Turnpike Street burnt to the ground and was replaced by a new building in 1931. Members of the Howard family worked in a three-family house at 71-75 Turnpike Street during the construction of the new store and Post Office. James M., and Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard's son, James Elliot Howard continued to operate the store that was transferred to him as the J. E. Howard & Sons. Following in his father's footsteps, James Elliot Howard served as Postmaster of the Eastondale branch of the United States Post Office. In 1940, residing at 70 Turnpike Street were James Elliot, a salesman, and his wife, Flora May Wilson Howard, with their son, James Marzy Howard, an unpaid family worker, and their two daughters, Linda Fuller, a Post mistress, and Flora Wilson Howard, a wholesale grocery bookkeeper. source: Easton Historical Society source; Massachusetts Historical Commission source: Ancestry source: History of Easton, William L. Chaffin, 1886 source: Easton’s Neighborhoods, Edmund C. Hands, 1995 , James M. Howard In 1900, the James M. Howard House at 70 Turnpike Street was owned and occupied by James M., and Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard. In 1850, James M. Howard residing in Eastondale with his parents, Asaph, a shoemaker, and Almira Dunbar Howard, and his five sisters, Almira S., Hannah F., Eliza F., Wealthy A., and Oralia Howard, and three brothers, William Taylor, Asaph E., and Thomas R. Howard, a shoemaker, and his widowed uncle, Thomas R. Dunbar, a farmer, and his three cousins, Eliphalet Dunbar, a shoemaker, Adeline, and Jane Jenny Dunbar. In 1850, Rolanda Alden Fuller residing in Halifax with her parents, Nathaniel, a shoemaker, and Leonie B. Perkins Fuller. In 1855, James M. Howard was residing at 59 Pine Street with his parents, Asaph, a shoemaker, and Almira Dunbar Howard, and his three sisters, Eva, Wealthy A., and Oralia Howard, and his three brothers, William Taylor, Asaph E., and Thomas R. Howard, a shoemaker. In 1855, the map of Eastondale shows the parcel at 59 Pine Street as noted with the name of James M. Howard’s father’s property and shoe shop, - Asaph Howard & Shoe Shop. – On July 11, 1856, James M. Howard’s mother, Almira Dunbar Howard passed away in Easton at the age of forty-six, with her burial in the South Easton Cemetery. In 1860, James M. Howard, a shoemaker, residing at 59 Pine Street with his widowed father, Asaph Howard, a shoemaker, and his two brothers, William Taylor, and Asaph E. Howard, and his widowed uncle, Thomas R. Dunbar, a farmer, and a boarder, Bridget Curran. a domestic worker. On April 30, 1865, James M. Howard married Rolanda Alden Fuller in Halifax, daughter of Nathaniel and Leonie Fuller. In 1870, residing in Eastondale were James M., a shoemaker, and his wife, Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard, with their son, James Elliot Howard, and a boarder, Nathan H. Fuller, a shoemaker. In 1871, the map of Eastondale shows a parcel on the western side of Washington Street as noted with the name, - J. M. Howard & Shoe Shop. - By 1871, James M., and Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard purchased a parcel of land, previously used as a shoe shop, from the owner, Lewis M. Thayer living at 81 Turnpike Street. In 1871, the map of Eastondale shows the parcel at 59 Pine Street as noted with the name of James M. Howard’s father’s property and shoe shop, - A. Howard & Shoe Shop. On June 6, 1872, James M. Howard’s father, Asaph Howard passed away in Mansfield at the age of sixty-two, with his burial in the South Easton Cemetery. From 1858 through 1870, Lewis Thayer, residing at 81 Turnpike Street, built a factory next to his house where he operated a shoe shop business. The Howard family owned a lumberyard at 77 Turnpike Street and an apartment building at 71-75 Turnpike Street. The apartment building replaced the Howard Shoe Company building which was built in 1886. The Thayer's shoe shop was replaced by the new building. In January of 1885, a three-member partnership consisting of James M. Howard, James Elliot Howard and M. H. Willis to form the Howard Shoe Company at 71 Turnpike Street. The first year of business started production on a small scale. Later, the company built a building on the property measuring sixty by twenty-two feet. They were able to hire more help to increase the production of products for the company. In 1888, the factory was replaced by a three-apartment building. The store, shoe shop and lumberyard benefited from their location near the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad tracks and the Eastondale Railroad Station. In 1880, residing in Eastondale were James M., a grocery store keeper, and his wife, Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard, with their son, James Elliot Howard, and a boarder, Nathan H. Fuller, a shoemaker. In 1889, the Easton Massachusetts City Directory listed James M. Howard as a grocer and Postmaster on Turnpike Street in Eastondale. In 1895, the map of Eastondale shows the parcel at 70 Turnpike Street as noted with the name, - J. M. Howard. - In 1895, the map of Eastondale shows the parcel at 77 Turnpike Street as noted with the name, - J. M. Howard, Store, Post Office. - On May 31, 1892, James M., and Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard's, James Elliot Howard married Flora May Wilson in Easton, daughter of Harrison Y., and Emily A. Simpson Wilson. In 1900, James M., and Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard owned one apartment building which was located at 71-75 Turnpike Street. In 1900, residing on 70 Turnpike Street were James M., a dealer in groceries, and his wife, Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard. In 1900, James M., and Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard owned a store, two houses, an apartment building, a barn, and a stable. In 1901, James M. Howard was a member of the Board of Directors of the Easton Street Railway Company. In 1910, owning and residing at 70 Turnpike Street were James M., a dealer in groceries, and his wife, Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard. By 1911, James M., and Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard’s, James Elliot Howard was operating James E. Howard & Sons, and the Eastondale branch of the United States Post Office at 77 Turnpike in Eastondale. In 1917, the Easton Massachusetts City Directory listed James M. Howard residing with his wife, Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard on Turnpike Street in Eastondale. In 1917, the Easton Massachusetts City Directory listed James M. Howard as a grocer and postmaster on Turnpike Street in Eastondale. In 1920, residing on 70 Turnpike Street were James M., a grocery dealer, and his wife, Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard. In 1925, Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard's husband, James M. Howard passed away in Easton, at the age of eighty, with his burial in the South Easton Cemetery. In 1930, James M. Howard's widow, Rolanda Alden Howard was residing on 70 Turnpike Street with her son, James Elliot, a grocery store proprietor, and his wife, Flora May Wilson Howard, with their son, James Marzy Howard, a grocery store clerk, and their three daughters, Ruby Elliot, a United States Post Office mistress, Linda Fuller, a Post Office clerk, and Flora Wilson Howard, a wholesale grocery bookkeeper. In 1930, the original store, the J. M. Howard General Store & United States Post Office at 77 Turnpike Street burnt to the ground and replaced by a new building in 1931. Members of the Howard family worked in a three-family house at 71-75 Turnpike Street during the construction of the new store and Post Office. James M., and Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard's son, James Elliot Howard continued to operate the store that was transferred to him as the J. E. Howard & Sons. Following in his father's footsteps, James Elliot Howard served as Postmaster of the Eastondale branch of the United States Post Office. In 1933, James M. Howard's wife, Rolanda Alden Fuller Howard passed away in Easton, at the age of eighty-six, with her burial in the South Easton Cemetery. source: Easton Historical Society source; Massachusetts Historical Commission source: Ancestry source: History of Easton, William L. Chaffin, 1886 source: Easton’s Neighborhoods, Edmund C. Hands, 1995 . Eastondale Grammar School In 1886, William L. Chaffin, in his book, History of Easton, wrote - In 1754, the town was divided into four school quarters which saw the beginning of the district system. The South East Quarter of the Town raised their schoolhouse near Seth Lathrop's property at 390 Turnpike Street on December 14,1770. This district was a very large one, so another building was erected farther south, on the west side of the turnpike, a little below where Robert Rippner now lives. This appears to have been built somewhat before 1808, for at that date it was called the new schoolhouse. These were not regarded as two separate districts, as school was done in these two schoolhouses at the same time. The money for the whole quarter was divided, and the terms of school were kept alternately in the two schoolhouses. The district school caretakers were not required to make any report to the town until after 1838. In 1838, a law was passed making the report a part of their duty. All the business details, such as hiring teachers, and care of schoolhouses were managed by the district committees. This plan continued until the district system was abolished in 1869. At that time, the entire management of all school matters was put into the hands of a School Committee. The number of this committee was at first not less than five. - An arrangement was made to accommodate those living in the extreme north and south parts of the whole quarter. School children could choose to attend school in both schoolhouses in turn. This arrangement continued until 1818. In June of 1818, Asa Howard sold land for a school house at the intersection of Turnpike and Washington Streets for the purpose building a school house. In September of 1924, the Eastondale Grammar School at the intersection of Washington and Turnpike Streets was closed. Until 1929, the students in the Eastondale neighborhood were transported to the South Easton Grammar School at 580 Washington Street. On August 29, 1929, the inspector for the Massachusetts Department of Public Safety, R. Beaudry gave the Town a Certificate of Approval for meeting specifications in the construction of the Eastondale Grammar School at 70 Pine Street in Eastondale. In 1929, the designer of the Eastondale Grade School building was James E. McLaughlin of McLaughlin & Burr Architects in Boston. The Eastondale Grade School building was built for the neighborhood grammar school children to reduce the overcrowding at South Easton Grammar School at 580 Washington Street. In 1849, South Easton Grammar School was built, with an addition used for grammar and primary classrooms. In the 1900s through the 1920s, James E. McLaughlin was in partnership with the architect firm, McLaughlin Burr & McLaughlin in Boston. They were the architects for buildings at the State Hospital in Foxborough, MA. Falls School in North Attleboro, Cohannet Elementary School in Taunton, Benedict Fenwick School in Boston, Boston Public Latin School, and Boston Trade School. Also, the Albert J. Parlin High School in Everett, Montclair Elementary School in Quincy, Saltonstall School in Salem, and Albert J. Lewis Grammar School, Everett. The dedication of the Eastondale Grade School at 70 Pine Street was held on April 14, 1930. In 1938, the addition of one room to the Eastondale Grammar School was done with some funding from the Federal Public Works of Art project. The designer of the original Eastondale School building, James E McLaughlin of McLaughlin & Burr Architects in Boston, designed the one room addition. In 1938, all playground equipment in Easton, except for the new Furnace Village School, was underwritten by teachers, students, parents, private organizations, and community-oriented people. On November 12, 1938, records show R. W. Beaudry from the Massachusetts Department of Public Safety made the inspection of the new addition. In 1981, the Eastondale Elementary School was closed and the Town of Easton disposed of the property in a private sale in 1984. source: Easton Historical Society source; Massachusetts Historical Commission source: Ancestry source: History of Easton, Volume II, 1886-1974, Easton Historical Society source: Reminiscences, Early School Days in Eastondale, Edwin H. White, 1950s, Easton Historical Society source: History of Easton, William L. Chaffin, 1886 source: Easton’s Neighborhoods, Edmund C. Hands, 1995 . Early School Days in Eastondale, Edwin H. White, 1950s The following is part of a paper that Edwin H. White presented to the Easton Historical Society in the 1950s. In 1818, Asa Howard sold land for a school house at the intersection of Turnpike and Washington Streets, upon which a school house was built. In 1869, the building was moved near what is now Joseph Dardeno's House at 390 Turnpike Street. (1950s) This was where my father attended school. Also in 1869, a second building was erected on this site. It has recently been torn down, but it was a sore spot to our neighborhood for several years. It was set afire several times, but true to their duty, our firefighters saved a part of the building each time. I understand that during the last fire, the State Inspector appeared while it was still burning and ordered the firemen to extinguish the fire. This was the building in which I first attended school at the age of six. The following are the names of the teachers in their order while I attended school in this building: Miss Henrietta Gilmore, William Springer. Miss Cathell, Miss Jessie Bird and Miss Mary Young. The janitor was one of the older boys, and it became my job for two years, from 1882 to 1884. I had to be there early in the morning to sweep the floor three times a week, start the fire, and heat the school room where the pupils were taught, some of them walking a mile from either direction. There were no buses to carry us and our ears and toes many days seemed frozen even though we were dressed warmly with heavy woolen or red flannel underclothing, woolen stockings, and scarves or tippets as they were called, all of which our mothers had knitted in the long hours of the evening. I also had to fill the wooden pails with fresh water every morning, one for the girls ante room and one for the boys. These pails of water were kept on a shelf over an old iron sink, and a single long handled dipper hung on a nail nearby. I often wonder where the germs were in those days that two dippers were enough for all the children. There was no well on the school grounds, and I had to go a distance to a neighbor's old well sweep to fill the pails and return them to their proper place. Sometimes I had to fill the pails more than once if the children were unusually thirsty. However, the last year I was there, the Town dug a well on the school, and installed a cucumber pump, which made the job easier. For fear some of you may not know about a cucumber pump, it was a six-inch square box. extending down into the well and about five feet above the well. A long handle attached allowed long strokes for pumping the water. The schoolhouse was heated by a big oblong wood burning stove in the cellar. This stove, for safety from fire, was built upon a stone foundation and the upper part was enclosed with brick up to the floor and to the register which was in the front of the school room. The smoke pipe came up through the register to the the of room and extended the length of the room to a chimney in the north end of the building suspended by wires attached to the ceiling. Many a one and one-half foot log have I put into that stove. I received twenty-six dollars and fifty cents a for the school year. That was enough for a suit of clothes, a hat, and a ticket for Dickerman's Sunday School Excursion during summer vacation, a big annual event in those days. The building was about thirty by forty feet. Doors on each side, one for the girls and one for the boys, opened into entries where our outer wraps were left. These entries opened into a vestibule and here the register was located. This vestibule could be separated from the classroom by two sliding gates which could be locked when occasion required. The classroom itself was occupied by four rows of double desks, not open tops. Two pupils sat at each desk. Boys were on one side of the room and the girls on the other, but notes could get across the line sometimes. Long seats were built on both sides of the room, and these seats were used for recitation purposes. As classes were called by the teacher, the pupils left their seats and went in order to these long seats. Then, as called upon, each pupil would rise and recite. The hours were from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m., and I p.m. to 4 p.m., with fifteen minutes recess both morning and afternoon. On pleasant days, we were allowed to play in the rear. All grades were taught in this school, from the ABC's to the fourth and fifth readers. Some of these books I have in my home. One is marked, Entered according to Act of Congress 1871. For the writing period, we were supplied with a lined blank book. Each page had a sample of writing at the top, and our lesson was to copy it. One day, hands were raised frantically. Teacher, there is something the matter with the ink. It was the janitor's responsibility to keep the ink wells filled, and the teacher looked to him for an explanation, but he was as puzzled as the other children. The teacher boarded on Purchase Street at the home of Mr. Rankin who was on the school committee. He supplied the ink for this school, and after hearing the teacher's story, he went to his cellar where the ink was stored and found he had made a mistake and sent a bottle of boiled cider in place of the bottle of ink. The poor janitor had poured the cider in the ink wells, and as you can readily guess, the cider and the ink already in the ink wells did not mix well. And now about discipline. I do not remember that there were any very bad boys. Of course, we had our fights and disagreements. A skunk sometimes found his way into the cellar and the school had to be closed. I would not care to tell you if the skunk got in there alone or if was aided by cellar windows being left open. I should like to speak again about the stove. As I think of it now, it was an interesting arrangement. The doors in front of the stove were lifted by chains. A tiny hole no larger than a screw hole was discovered, or made, in the floor near the desk of one of the boys, who attached a cord from this spot through the floor to the cellar, and far enough across to be attached to the outer housing doors, which were made of steel and had two handles. This boy could be studying apparently, and one of the most studious, when by pulling the rope under his desk, the doors which were hung on chains would drop down with a bang, and this noise would startle the teacher and children. She said, Janitor, I fear you did not close the stove doors properly. Please attend to it. But just as the janitor returned, the same thing happened again. But now the teacher caught glances from various parts of the room. This led her to the culprit and the rope. This school building was used until the new brick building of two rooms was erected on Pine Street and dedicated June, 1930. A third room-was later added. In our Eastondale building, we especially liked to watch the cattle being driven through the street, and the shepherd dog that accompanied the driver and helped to keep the drove in order. If they were going by at recess time, we forgot school and went along to help, only to return and find ourselves late. It was a common sight in those days to see cattle driven through the streets. They were being driven from the Brighton cattle mart and delivered to the respective buyers. In closing, I have a tale of how I was teased by some of the boys in the school. I took a pair of shoes one morning to the cobbler just below the school. They were to be retapped. Today we say resoled. That afternoon, the cobbler was seen trudging by with a side of sole leather on his back. A side was probably enough to sole twenty-five or thirty pairs of shoes. The boys said he had to get all that leather for my shoes. They really did razz me considerably as to the amount of leather required for my shoes. , Edwin C. White, following in the tradition of his grandfather and father, was President of Simpson Spring Company in 1967 until his retirement in 1988. For decades, Ed and his wife Evelyn (Lyn) lived in the second oldest house in Easton, the Benjamin Williams home at 539 Bay Road, which they totally restored. Ed and Lyn have been extremely active in the Easton community. Ed was the first president of the restored Easton Historical Society (1967-69), and facilitated many Antique Auto Meets at the Station. He was also the first Ames Free Library president to come from outside the Ames family, and was a trustee of the North Easton Savings Bank for 46 years, retiring as Chairman of the Board in 20I0. Lyn was one of the major spokespeople for saving Wheaton Farm, and provided the leadership for the creation of the Natural Resources Trust of Easton. (See History of Easton, Massachusetts: Volume Two, page 271.) She was also Executive Director of the Neponset River Watershed Association. Both Ed and Lyn have been active in Unity Church for many years. In 2001, the Lions Club presented the Whites the Outstanding Service Award, the highest award given. In addition, several years ago the Natural Resources Trust of Easton dedicated a bench on the foundation of the mansion of - Sheep Pasture - to Lyn and Ed White --Stewards of the Land. source: Reminiscences, Early School Days in Eastondale, Edwin H. White, 1950s, Easton Historical Society , South Easton and Eastondale Fire and Water District At the turn of the century, this section of Easton consisted of the Town Hall, the Evangelical Congregational Church, the Almshouse, and the Center School, with the one-story Easton Center Depot a little to the east. There were a number of farms along accessory roads like Purchase Street. The village area along Washington Street, from Morse's square stucco house near the southeastern corner of the intersection of Washington and Grove (now Belmont) Streets to the South Easton Depot south of the Green. Sequasset area, now called Eastondale, included the Eastondale Depot. Those who were not self-employed or employed in the South Easton/Eastondale area were apt to be workers in one of the many Brockton shoe factories. Transportation to their place of employment was by train via West Bridgewater and Matfield to Campello and locations north. Lighting was by oil, or a reasonable facsimile, since electricity was not available until the first decades of the twentieth century. Police protection was on an informal level and there were no physicians in the South Easton-Eastondale area. At this time each home had its own well and pump. The South Easton-Eastondale Fire and Water District was not organized until 1916. Fire protection was either by neighborhood assistance or had to come from North Easton or Brockton. Such was the case when the Rankin house at the duck farm burned. The duck farm, located on Purchase Street, was owned by James Rankin and employed a number of people. A large wagon load of crated duck would be shipped each morning from the Easton Center railroad station to destinations throughout the United States. The farmers sold their products by horse and wagon with daily milk routes being serviced. The milk was sold by the quart measure from eight-quart cans kept cool by ice. Seasonal products, such as apples and vegetables, were also sold. Another provision ordered and delivered to the home was meat. South Easton was serviced by Henry Heath and his son, Alfred Heath, who slaughtered their own beef. They delivered on a weekly basis and in the early 1900s two pounds of beef cost approximately twenty-four cents. A large part of their meat business was in smoked meats. Mr. Heath had a large smoke house, and people came from all over the area to have hams and bacon smoked. Many farmers did their own butchering, but had no smoke house, so they brought their meats to the Heath Smoke House. The same kind of services were provided by Cyrus Alger, who had meats and vegetables at his place on Turnpike Street. The Washington Street area contained the thread mills of the E. J. Morse Company, the post office, the general store operated for many years by the Horace Mitchell family, and the Grammar School (both the old and the new, built in 1903). Further south, at the Easton Green, was the very busy J. 0. Dean grist mill. Behind the mill was the Ross Heel Company which was owned by Mr. Dean's son-in-law, Edwin Kennedy. This was also where the Puritan rollaway screens were made in the early 1900s. Further south, along Washington Street, were the blacksmith shop, the depot on the left, and a new and thriving company on the right, the Simpson Spring Company. There were several paint and varnish shops in the area, and thermometers were made by the Poole's on Foundry Street. In the Eastondale area, grain, lumber, and daily provisions were available at James E. Howard and Sons Store. Originally his father, James M. Howard, had operated a store as part of his home on Pine Street before buying the two-and-a-half story structure on Turnpike Street. It was burnt on the evening of October 5, 1930, and it was replaced by a smaller one-story store built on the site and ready for operation by March 1931, by members of a third generation of the Howard family. Just as the South Easton Post Office was housed in or adjacent to the general store on Washington Street, so also was the Eastondale post office, operated by the Howard family for approximately fifty-five years. Other businesses on Turnpike Street were poultry farms and livery stables. Many of the residents attended the Evangelical Congregational Church at the CenteL Those in the southern part of Easton who were Catholic would travel by horse and wagon or train to North Easton and the Immaculate Conception Church. In Eastondale. those who did not attend the Congregational Church organized a Unitarian Society. source: Easton Historical Society , August 23, 1915. To the Board of Water Commissioners, South Easton and Eastondale Fire and Water District, Mr. William N. Howard, Chairman. Gentlemen: — The State Department of Health received from you on Aug. 14, 1915, the following application for the approval by this Department, under the provisions of chapter 232 of the Special Acts of the year 1915, of the taking and use of water from Silver Lake for the water supply of the South Easton and Eastondale Fire and Water District through a contract with the water commissioners of the city of Brockton made under the provisions of said act. In order to comply with the conditions of the special act of 1915, chapter 232 in relation to the South Easton and Eastondale Fire and Water District, it becomes necessary to secure a certificate of approval by the State Department of Health of the source of supply and location of dams, reservoir, wells, etc., in compliance with section two of said act. The South Easton and Eastondale Fire and Water District is under contract with the city of Brockton, which city is furnishing the district with water from its regular supply which is Silver Lake, which source of supply has already been approved and is under constant inspection by the State Department of Health. The attorneys who are passing upon bonds require, however, that a certificate of approval from the State Department be furnished as the law states. The Department has considered the results of examinations of Silver Lake, the proposed source of supply, by the engineer of the Department and finds that the water is of good quality for domestic use and the supply adequate for the requirements of the South Easton and Eastondale Fire and Water District in addition to those of the city of Brockton and the towns now supplied by that city from Silver Lake. The State Department of Health hereby approves the use of water taken from Silver Lake and supplied through the works of the city of Brockton for the water supply of the South Easton and Eastondale Fire and Water District under the provisions of chapter 232 of the Special Acts of the year 1915. source: Annual Report of the State Board of Health of Massachusetts, 1915 source: Easton Historical Society source; Massachusetts Historical Commission source: Ancestry , Turnpike Street The Taunton and South Boston Turnpike runs from the town line by the Shoddy Mill place, nearly south to the Great Cedar-Swamp, and then in a slightly southwest course through the swamp into Raynham. We have just seen that a part of it was laid out in June, 1697. It took the place of the old road laid out as a southerly extension of Pine Street, which ran "to Bridgewater line near Harris's, and then on the east side of Harris's house and on the westerly side of his well, & so to Timothy Cooper's house on the easterly side thereof, and so by marked trees to the westerly side of Samuel Kinsley's house. James Harris lived between William C. Howard's house and mill, and from there the old road may be traced, crossing Purchase Street below Edwin T. Coward's barn, running east of Mr. Collins's and then southwest nearly to the present road. It was at later dates extended farther north and south ; in its southern part it was considerably east of where the turnpike now is. There was then no road through Cedar Swamp. Trees were however felled, and on these by hard work pedestrians at certain seasons could pick their way through from Easton to Raynham, or return. source: History of Easton, William L. Chaffin, 1886 , Turnpike Street The section of Turnpike Street from the West Bridgewater line to the intersection of Depot Street was known in the early 20th century as Sand Street. source: Massachusetts Historical Commission , Turnpike Street Turnpike Street was marked out as a cart path in 1703 and became an official road in 1762. The Taunton and South Boston Turnpike Co was incorporated in 1806 to operate a private road from Randolph through Stoughton, Brockton, Easton, and Raynham to Taunton. The road was completed in 1809. source: Massachusetts Historical Commission Easton Historical Society 80 Mechanic Street North Easton, Massachusetts 02356



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