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posted by Jim Surkamp alias Jim Surkamp on Friday 12th of March 2021 03:12:02 PM

VIDEO: The Bower and its Families Part 3 www.youtube.com/watch?v=GE_ou8Ylyc8 POST: The Bower and its Families Part 3 (beginning to 3.23 in the video) civilwarscholars.com/2021/02/the-bower-and-its-families-p... The Bower and its Families Part 2 (with bibliography) Made possible with the generous, community-minded support of American Public University System (apus.edu). This video and all videos in this channel as well as the million words of posts at the corresponding source, civilwarscholars.com - are intended to encourage fact-based discussion to heighten better understanding of the foundational events of our country. Sentiments included in these productions, even if commendable, do not in any way reflect the 21st century policies of the University. This is the second of about four videos. I am working with Charles Fox, whose family descended from the remarkable John H. Fox, the owner/operator of three different farms and community leader, revered upon his death and who was born enslaved at the Bower. I was absorbed in the question of how could and why did those enslaved sang,laughed and danced and even stayed up without sleeping and still working long days in the fields. And yes it is true as a consistent fact of life in Virginia in the early 19th century. I found the same observations in five different diaries in this immediate region. And I came to realize a great truth in this fact which will be explored in the third video. We have been served terribly with descriptions of enslaved peersons as being "child-like and pathetic" ignoring the obvious reality that they received their almost superhuman strength coming from their faith and African musical tradition. That African Americans routinely become the best in any athletic field they enter and the worldwide influence of their musical talents - gospel blues swing jazz motown etc. just underscore these earlier daily practices so long ago. Glamorous and famous for its visitors (Washington Irving, Robert E. Lee, Jeb Stuart's entire staff lived there for a month), the pre-Civil War owners practiced people-owning on a large scale - usually about sixty enslaved persons who kept up production there from day to day. A close reading of daily accounts reveals just how much the deepest, knowledge of hunting, cooking, horses etc resided in the most experienced persons of color. It became famous as the place John Pendleton Kennedy, a relative from Baltimore who also supported Edgar Allan Poe, based his widely read book: "Swallow Barn: A Sojourn in the Old Dominion," that was published in 1832 and 1850. It was a divided family, with regard to the Civil War, with author Kennedy opposing secession, the Dandridges at the Bower strongly supporting, or as Philip Kennedy put it - Adam Dandridge ate a strong "allowance of the insane root" to quote from Macbeth. It might include a tragic love story. When John Fox was born in 1845 Adam Stephen Dandridge II was the only adult white male at The Bower. It circles around Adam Dandridge II and Charles Fox's great great grandmother "Mary" who was killed at the Bower. It also follows the incredibly impressive John Fox, one of Mary's five surviving children and culminates with Charles Fox's powerfully impressive, of-the-earth, wisdom-dispensing grandfather, Charles Washington Fox. We'll leave it at that. Care is taken to stay consistent with all information in official records (death certificates, Census, marriage records, deeds, and wills) in addition to the Fox family oral tradition, first transmitted by John Fox, with his eye-witness knowledge. BEGIN CF 3 0 .54 *** 00: - Michael Praetorius: Dances from Terpsichore, Courante Voices of Music over images 1-7 to :54 - youtube.com Michael Praetorius: Dances from Terpsichore, Courante Voices of Music Hanneke van Proosdij and David Tayler Directors Musicians (left to right) Carla Moore, Gabrielle Wunsch, Lisa Grodin and Maxine Nemerovski, baroque violins Maria Caswell, baroque viola Peter Maund, riqq Elisabeth Reed and Tanya Tomkins, baroque cellos Farley Pearce, violone Hanneke van Proosdij, harpsichord David Tayler, archlute & percussion youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=yoGvKFSvs0o 1. Two Women with Head-Ties, Jamaica, 1808-1815 - loc.gov web4.encyclopediavirginia.org web4.encyclopediavirginia.org/slave_images/Slavery/detail... 2. Robert Greenhow Jr., ca. 1808, Charles B. J. Févret de Saint-Mémin (French, 1770 – 1852), pastel and crayon on toned paper, 18 3/8 x 14 in. (47.9 x 35.6 cm.). Gift of Mrs. William R. Scott 98.3.3/3 vmfa.museum www.vmfa.museum/tours/audio-tours/web-tour-friend-heart-c... 3 Man Smoking a Pipe, ca. 1800-1825 slaveryimages.org www.slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/1480/mirador 4. Mrs. Robert Greenhow Sr. (Mary Ann Willis), ca. 1808, Charles B. J. Févret de Saint-Mémin, (French, 1770 – 1852), pastel and crayon on toned paper, 19 5/8 x 13 7/8 in. (49.8 x 35.3 cm. ). Gift of Mrs. William R. Scott 98.3.1/3 vmfa.museum www.vmfa.museum/tours/audio-tours/web-tour-friend-heart-c... 5. Tangerian Girl by José Tapiro y Baro - 1891. Dahesh Museum of Art in New York arthistoryproject.com arthistoryproject.com/artists/jose-tapiro-y-baro/tangeria... 6. Robert Greenhow Sr., ca. 1808, Charles B. J. Févret de Saint-Mémin (French, 1770 – 1852), pastel and crayon on toned paper, 19 5/8 x 14 1/8 in. (48.8 x 35.9 cm.). Gift of Mrs. William R. Scott 98.3.2/3 vmfa.museum www.vmfa.museum/tours/audio-tours/web-tour-friend-heart-c... 7. Absalam by SANTIAGO ARCOS Y MEGALDE bonhams.com www.bonhams.com/auctions/23917/lot/10/?category=results CF3 .54 1.39 Images *** 8. Title 9. Bower aerial Google Maps google.com/maps www.google.com/maps/@39.3664719,-77.9554242,1762m/data=!3... 10. rear exit The Bower taken by Edwin Fitzpatrick Jefferson County Historical Society (1991). "Between the Shenandoah & the Potomac." Charles Town, WV: self-published. p. ADD 11. brief moving dresses no sound - Gone With the Wind (fair use) 12. Portrait of Adam Stephen Dandridge, Sr. (1782-1821) by Charles Peale Polk 1799-1800 emuseum.history.org emuseum.history.org/objects/28061/portrait-of-adam-stephe... 13. same as 11 14. Portrait of Sarah Pendleton Dandridge (Mrs. Adam Stephen Dandridge, Sr.)(1785-1855) by James W. Macoughtry, Jr. 1831 emuseum.history.org emuseum.history.org/objects/42669/portrait-of-sarah-pendl... 15. The first quadrille at Almack's From Recollections of Captain Gronow (1850) pinterest.com www.pinterest.com/pin/363313894910535906/ 16. The "Trenis" Quadrille, Plate 19 from "Le Bon Genre," 1805 pinterest.com www.pinterest.com/pin/427349452145394118/ 17. swirling dress Gone With tHe Wind fair use and 18. Figure 11. A German Cotillion, Vienna, c.1825. From Scenes du Bal by Charles Henry. regencydances.org www.regencydances.org/paper011.php 19. Object: Le baiser deviné; Series: Le Bon Genre - 1812 britishmuseum.org www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/P_1866-0407-902 *** 1:41 - Summer Nights from Desert Winds produced by Shana Aisenberg over images 20-26 to 3:23 2:22 - FX carriages, hooves, horses over images 24-26 to 3:23 2:24 - FX Owl frogs autumn over images 24-25 to 3:01 20. Spider's web in the sun 21. James Kirke Paulding commons.wikimedia.org commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:JKPaulding.jpg & history.navy.mil www.history.navy.mil/photos/pers-us/uspers-p/jk-pauld.htm Author Government of the United States 22. Joseph of Egypt frchriszugger.com frchriszugger.com/2018/03/21/joseph-of-egypt-and-christ/ ** J. K. Paulding: I once knew a worthy old lady, who never saw or heard any thing in this World that did not put her in mind of Joseph in Egypt. Whenever any thing was told her, no matter what, 23. A pretty girl and an old woman both taking snuff. Coloured stipple engraving after L. Boilly, ca. 1827. wellcomecollection.org INCLUDE Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) wellcomecollection.org/works/q6j67tvc ** she would take a pinch of snuff, and exclaim with a devotional air, “Ah! that puts me in mind of Joseph in Egypt.” Nobody could tell why; but so it was * Paulding, James Kirke. (1835). "Letters from the South By a Northern man." New-York : Harper & brothers p. 50 Vol 2 babel.hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiug.30112046404643&vi... 24. TITLE James Kirke Paulding in 1816, while heading north in the Shenandoah Valley to Martinsburg: 25. Shenandoah Valley by William Louis Sonntag, Sr. 1859–1860Virginia Historical Society commons.wikimedia.org commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Shenandoah_Valley_William... ** In traversing this mountain region, one of the first things that struck me was the solemn, severe silence which prevailed every where, and only broken at distant intervals, by the note of the cock of the woods; the chirping of a ground squirrel; the crash of a falling tree, or the long echoes of the fowler's gun, which render the silence, thus broken in upon for a moment, still more striking. p. 116 vol 1 babel.hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiug.30112046404387&vi... 26. Drawing by Garth Williams, 1953 version of Little House in the Big Woods, pg. 123 silverhomestead.com silverhomestead.com/how-to-make-brown-sugar/ ** In many places the only traces of human agency are the incisions of the sugar maple, and the little troughs at the foot of the tree turned upside down, to wait the flowing of the sap in the spring. Paulding Vol. 1 p. 118 babel.hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiug.30112046404387&vi... CF 3 3.23 5.32 *** 3:23 - FX hum of voices over images 27-30 to 5:32 * Begins Paulding, James Kirke. (1817) "Letters from the South, written during an excursion in the summer of 1816." New York, Published by James Eastburn & co. pp. 117-131 p. 121 archive.org/details/lettersfromsouth01paul/page/121/mode/1up ** 27. James Kirke Paulding commons.wikimedia.org commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:JKPaulding.jpg & history.navy.mil www.history.navy.mil/photos/pers-us/uspers-p/jk-pauld.htm Author Government of the United States At one of the taverns along the road, we were set down in the same room with a man, who was 28. Eugène Pelletan by Nadar 1855–59 - Purchase, The Howard Gilman Foundation Gift and Rogers Fund, metmuseum.org/ www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/266480 ** an ill-looking, hard-featured, pock-marked, fellow. He was going, it seems, to Richmond. WARNING DISTURBING ACCOUNTS OF EXTREME CRUELTY All along the road, I made it his business to inquire where lived a man who might perhaps be tempted to sell him his slaves and when I got some half a dozen of them, I tied their hands behind their backs, and drove them three or four hundred miles, or more, bare-headed, and half naked, I gave out that they were runaway slaves I was carrying home to their masters. On one occasion a black woman exposed this fallacy, and told the story of her being kidnapped; and (123) when I got her into a wood out of hearing, I beat her, till her back was white." I married all the men and women I bought, because they would sell better for being man and wife ! "For many is the time I have separated wives from husbands, and husbands from wives, and parents from children ; but then I made them amends by marrying them again as soon as I had a chance I made one bad purchase, though," I bought a young mulatto girl, a lovely creature, — a great bargain. She had been the favourite of her master, who had lately married. The difficulty was, to get her to go ; for she loved her master. However, I swore most bitterly I was only going to take her to her mother at , and she went with me; though she seemed to doubt me very much. But when she discovered at last that we were out of the State, I thought she would go mad ; and, in fact, the next night, drowned herself in the river close by. I lost a good five hundred dollars by this foolish trick, p. 121 archive.org/details/lettersfromsouth01paul/page/121/mode/1up 29. James Kirke Paulding commons.wikimedia.org commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:JKPaulding.jpg & history.navy.mil www.history.navy.mil/photos/pers-us/uspers-p/jk-pauld.htm Author Government of the United States ** page 120 it is seldom we see the ties of kindred or of conjugal affection, stronger than in the poor negro. He will travel twelre, fifteen, or twenty miles, to see his wife and children, after his daily 30. by Miguel Ângelo Lupi 1879. This is a couple of former slaves that accompained a portuguese aristocrat, Serpa Pinto, in his voyages through Africa pinterest.es www.pinterest.es/pin/443886107023349726/ page 121 labour is over, and return in the morning to his labour again. If he obtains his liberty, he will often devote the first years of his liberty to buying their freedom; — thus setting an example of conjugal and parental affection, which the white man may indeed admire ; but, it is feared, would seldom imitate. pp. 120-121 archive.org archive.org/details/lettersfromsouth01paul/page/120/mode/1up Paulding, James Kirke. (1817) "Letters from the South, written during an excursion in the summer of 1816." New York, Published by James Eastburn & co. pp. 117-131 CF3 5.32 7.18 *** Gourd Banjo and Hambone on a Mississippi Porch Markus James - gourd banjo Calvin Jackson - hambone From the album "Head For The Hills" by Markus James; As heard in the HBO film "The Immortal Life Of Henrietta Lacks" featuring Oprah Winfrey www.facebook.com/markusjamesm... youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=gTKE3IaVVmA Images 31, 32 and 34-38 The Old Plantation attributed to John Rose Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, Williamsburg, Virginia wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Old_Plantation#/media/File:Slav... 33. Bower Farm Leetown WV - Jim Surkamp 39. The Highest Bidder by Harry Roseland encore-editions.com www.encore-editions.com/to-the-highest-bidder-by-harry-ro... 40.The Power of Music by Wm Sidney Mount - 1847 theimaginativeconservative.org theimaginativeconservative.org/2018/11/images-america-wil... 41. "Aunt Lucy" Hermitage - 1915 Essie Collins Matthews, Aunt Phebe, Uncle Tom and Others: Character Studies Among the Old Slaves of the South, Fifty Years After: illustrated from photographs made by the author in the cabins and on the plantations (Columbus, Ohio, 1915) slaveryimages.org slaveryimages.org/s/slaveryimages/item/1553 Aunt Phebe, Uncle Tom and Other, p. 104 42. Man with axe Kennedy, John Pendleton, (1856) "Swallow barn, or, A sojourn in the Old Dominion." New York, G.P. Putnam & Company. p. 404 hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433076089170&vie... 43a. Head of a Black man by Eastman Johnson - 1868 wikiart.org www.wikiart.org/en/eastman-johnson/head-of-a-black-man-1868 43b. Frank Wagoner by D.H. Strother Harpers Feb. 1855, p. 300 babel.hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015056090080&vie... 44. The Banjo Player by Wm Sidney Mount - 1856 theimaginativeconservative.org theimaginativeconservative.org/2018/11/images-america-wil... 45. Swallow Barn man with pipe Kennedy, John Pendleton, (1856) "Swallow barn, or, A sojourn in the Old Dominion." New York, G.P. Putnam & Company. p. 448 hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=nyp.33433076089170&vie... 46a. Bill Napper by D.H. Strother 1845 P.95.30.391pg13 West Virginia and Regional History Center David Hunter Strother, Artist, Artwork and Papers Series 6. Artworks, 1833-1887, undated archives.lib.wvu.edu archives.lib.wvu.edu/repositories/2/archival_objects/105044 46b. detail The Power of Music by Wm Sidney Mount - 1847 theimaginativeconservative.org theimaginativeconservative.org/2018/11/images-america-wil... 47a. “A Swedish Gentleman instructing a Negro Prince” by Carl Fredric von Breda - 1789 Karolina Kristensson, © Nordiska museet digitaltmuseum.se digitaltmuseum.se/011023459953/tavla 47b. cook by D.H. Strother Harpers Jan. 1856 p. 177 babel.hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015056090064&vie... 47c. Antique Martinique Merchant www.picclick.com pinterest.com www.pinterest.com/pin/463589355373107433/ 48. Shell Mound Station by D.H. Strother P.95.30.393pg4a West Virginia and Regional History Center David Hunter Strother, Artist, Artwork and Papers Series 6. Artworks, 1833-1887, undated archives.lib.wvu.edu archives.lib.wvu.edu/repositories/2/archival_objects/105044 SOURCES of given persons: names in this chapter: First Section Pinco - from account book of A.S.Dandridge II - Jefferson County Museum & The Mighty Myth of the Happy Plantation at civilwarscholars.com; Carey (Swallow Barn); Cate, Eliza, Serina, Anne and Mary (wills of Adam Stephen and his daughter, Anne Stephen Hunter), Second Section - Source of persons' names in the montage Walter Dean Myers, who was born in Martinsburg, descended from the Dennis family who worked at The Bower and has become a respected author, wrote this in his book, “Now Is Your Time”: “In 1849, Adam Stephen Dandridge II lived at The Bower and ran the plantation. His brother Philip lived nearby. When Philip needed to secure his loans, he put up part of his inheritance, which consisted of part of the Bower lands and his Africans: ‘The following slaves, the property of the said Philip P. Dandridge, now in his possession in Jefferson County, or in the custody of Dr. Gellot Hollingsworth and Samuel Hollingsworth, in the State of Louisiana, together with the increase (children) of said slaves – vis; Cato, Henny, George, Robert, John, Daniel, James, Simon, Peter, Tina, Caroline, Leah, Mary Ann and her children, Rachael, Ann, Louisa & children, Frances, Margaret, Patty, including all of the slaves of the said Philip P. Dandridge, whether named or not. . . to secure a debt of said P. P. Dandridge’ – (Myers, P. 99) The Mighty Myth of the Happy Plantation civilwarscholars.com/2011/06/sample-post/ interview 2002 with Jim Surkamp civilwarscholars.com *** 7:20 - Shana Aisenberg on banjo with accompaniment over images 49 49. "Mary" semblance David Hunter Strother, Sketches of “contrabands,” enslaved African Americans who crossed into the federal lines, 1862. Courtesy of the Library of Virginia. southernspaces.org southernspaces.org/2010/retelling-virginias-migration-his... ** I got this from Uncle Dewey because he spoke for black history month down here. He said that somebody told the mistress there was four little foxes down there looking out the window: She got the market basket and went down ‘thought he was talking about animals. And they were these Negro children. So of course she told the master. So he said: ‘Well just bring ‘em on up here and he put ‘em in the kitchen. And he said they would take a tub, like a foot tub, put bread in it, and milk, pour it in there and they ate with the cats and dogs under the kitchen table. But by being at the big house, they learned to talk. They learned to read. They just learned things. When you're 'round, you pick up - he was not back there in the field somewhere. So, one of 'em became a preacher. One of 'em became a cook. And that one I think - we would say - like a butler. He was ssomething like - if you saw "Roots" - he was like Chicken John. And as I said, the girl, they lost trace of her. Steve went to Ohio. So they lost trace of him. And farmer John, see, he bought the oxen and he cut lumber. He was known as a lumber jacket. And if you would read the history of St. Paul's Church, it was John Fox - that's my grandfather - It was George Johnson - grandfather on my mother's side, a Carter and I think three other men - bought that piece of land where that church is. They paid for it. An' lot of the lumber in the church John Fox gave. 50. Bertha Jones, Jefferson Co. NAACP Executive Committee jeffcomuseumwv.pastperfectonline.com jeffcomuseumwv.pastperfectonline.com/archive/75847923-F4F... 51. Sunday Morning in Virginia by Winslow Homer - 1877 Cincinnati Art Museum commons.wikimedia.org commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Winslow_Homer_-_Sunday_Mo... 52a. A patent of nobility by D. H. Strother Harpers July, 1866 p. 139 babel.hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015056090353&vie... 52b Benjamin Fox findagrave.com www.findagrave.com/memorial/190534275/benjamin-f-fox 53. Humphery black child on horseback by D.H. Strother P.95.30.390pg13 West Virginia and Regional History Center David Hunter Strother, Artist, Artwork and Papers Series 6. Artworks, 1833-1887, undated archives.lib.wvu.edu archives.lib.wvu.edu/repositories/2/archival_objects/105044 54. Mary Kindling the fire by D.H. Strother Harpers Aug, 1855 p. 295 babel.hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015056090072&vie... 55. Steve Aunt Winnie by D.F. Strother Harper's Aug, 1856 p. 310 babel.hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015056089801&vie... 56. Bower field and horse by Jim Surkamp 57a. (John Fox semblance) African American boy sitting by D. H. Strother - 1864 P.95.30.345 West Virginia and Regional History Center David Hunter Strother, Artist, Artwork and Papers Series 6. Artworks, 1833-1887, undated archives.lib.wvu.edu archives.lib.wvu.edu/repositories/2/archival_objects/105044 57b. John Henry Fox - courtesy Charles Fox 58 St. Paul's Baptist Church Kearneysville, WV google.com/maps www.google.com/maps/uv?pb=!1s0x89c9ffadeda3091b%3A0x5c698... later "Baltimore" tea et by D.H. Strother 1860 P.95.30.27 West Virginia and Regional History Center David Hunter Strother, Artist, Artwork and Papers Series 6. Artworks, 1833-1887, undated archives.lib.wvu.edu archives.lib.wvu.edu/repositories/2/archival_objects/105044 The Wood-pile by D.F. Strother Harper's Aug, 1856 p. 316 babel.hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015056089801&vie... for litle potatoe segment CF 3 9:48 12.14 *** 9:48 - hum over images 59-60 to 10:07 Skip James- Hard Time Killin' Floor Blues youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=UNftrsCMiQs 59. Bower field and horse - Jim Surkamp 60. TITLE ** In 1754, the New Light Baptists, led by Shubal Stearns, came down from Connecticut, crossed into Virginia at the Opequon & clashed head-on with the Episcopal Church - the State religion. 10:08 - "Deliver" New Light Baptist Church of Pittsburgh over images 61-80 to 12:16 starts at 1:52-5:09 New Light Temple Baptist Church (Pittsburgh, PA) Jubilee Choir 1997 youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=StiBu3Dla74 61 TITLE ** The children of Africa down through the Shenandoah Valley got it at once. They had every day sung and beat the beat for thousands of years. 62. TITLE ** On farms and plantations, they inhabited their Inner Kingdom and together invented and sang out Truth in the Lion's den. But using these newly learned Biblical stories, they confounded the Lion. 63-80 New Light Temple Baptist Church (Pittsburgh, PA) Jubilee Choir 1997 CF3 12.16 17.00 SOURCES: "THE COLORED TROOPS AT PETERSBURG" by GEN. HENRY GODDARD THOMAS. in Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Vol. 4. New York: The Century Co.pp. 563-568 CHAPTER 22 – Manassas: The Men Become One by Jim Surkamp civilwarscholars.com civilwarscholars.com/2017/03/story-22-manassas-the-men-be... CHAPTER 22: Manassas Camp - The Men Become One (from Jasper Tjhompson's Destiny Day) youtube.com youtu.be/KSXoj0c5My4#t=2h49m57s *** hum over images 59-60 to 10:07 Skip James- Hard Time Killin' Floor Blues youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=UNftrsCMiQs ** 81. TITLE At any quiet moment together, one might test a tune and sing it into the silence. And the others "study" it, some adding a harmony, or the first person would make the tune or beat better. Others might join. Then more might. And a mountain would begin to move, lifting hearts. TITLES: 82. WITH THE U.S. COLORED TROOPS 83. 23RD INFANTRY REGIMENT 84. ON THE EVE OF THE BATTLE OF THE CRATER JULY 30, 1864 85. "STUDY-ING" *** 12:56 - Soldier Song by Shana Aisenberg over images 85-92 to 13:35 13:35 - guitar by Shana Aisenberg over images 92-102 to 15:15 15:15 over images 102-104 to 17:10 86, 87, 88 [Wounded colored soldiers at Aikens Landing] taken by E. & H.T. Anthony (Firm) - [New York City : E. & H.T. Anthony Co., photographed between 1862 and 1865, printed later] loc.gov www.loc.gov/item/98500957/ ** Robert K. Beecham, James Douglas, Voghl Foster, George Kellum, John H. Simms, George W. Taylor, Uriah Perry, Perry Smith, James Smith, William H. Chandler, ** Adam C. Liscomb, Charles Walker, Henry Yates, George H. Briscoe, Peter Churchwell, Zelotis Fessenden, Noble A. Stewart, John W. Thomas, Francis Tucker, Abraham Tuxon, Basil Tyler, Richard Saunders, Alexander Savoy 89. Musical notation of Soldier Song by Maj. Gen. Henry Thomas p. 564 archive.org/stream/battlesleadersof04cent#page/564/mode/1up 90. Head of a Man (Ira Frederick Aldridge) by John P. Simpson tate.org.uk www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/simpson-head-of-a-man-ira-fr... dual 91. Maj. Gen Henry Thomas p. 565 archive.org/stream/battlesleadersof04cent#page/565/mode/1up 92. Drawing by Ward S. Day, 5th New York, Company C 93. News from home by Edwin Forbes - Sept. 30, 1863 loc.gov www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/ppmsca.20648/ ** Strolling often around the camp their commander Henry G. Thomas observed later: Any striking event or piece of news was usually eagerly discussed by the white troops, and in the ranks military critics were as plenty and perhaps more voluble than among the officers. 94. & 95. [Wounded colored soldiers at Aikens Landing] taken by E. & H.T. Anthony (Firm) - [New York City : E. & H.T. Anthony Co., photographed between 1862 and 1865, printed later] loc.gov www.loc.gov/item/98500957/ Not so with the blacks; important news was usually followed by long silence. They sat about in groups, “studying,” as they called it. They waited, like the Quakers, for the spirit to move; when the spirit moved, 96. Head of a Man (Ira Frederick Aldridge) by John P. Simpson tate.org.uk www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/simpson-head-of-a-man-ira-fr... one of their singers would uplift a mighty voice, like a bard of old, in a wild sort of chant. If he did not strike a sympathetic chord in his hearers, 97 & 98 [Wounded colored soldiers at Aikens Landing] taken by E. & H.T. Anthony (Firm) - [New York City : E. & H.T. Anthony Co., photographed between 1862 and 1865, printed later] loc.gov www.loc.gov/item/98500957/ if they did not find in his utterance the exponent of their idea, he would sing it again and again, altering sometimes the words, more often the music. If his changes met general acceptance, one voice after another would chime in; a rough harmony of three parts would add itself; 99. 26th United States Colored Volunteer Inf. at Camp William Penn, 1865 archives.gov www.archives.gov/files/research/military/civil-war/photos... other groups would join his, and the song would become the song of the command. 100. Camp Fire by Winslow Homer 1880 metmuseum.org www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/11112 ** One evening Thomas saw this act of creation and wrote down its core. The joyous guffaw always breaking out about the camp-fire ceased. They formed circles in their company streets and were sitting on the ground intently and solemnly “studying.” At last a heavy voice began to sing, “We-e looks li-ike we-en a-a-marchin’ on, We looks li-ike men-er-war.” dual 101 Head of a Man (Ira Frederick Aldridge) by John P. Simpson tate.org.uk www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/simpson-head-of-a-man-ira-fr... 102 Camp Fire by Winslow Homer 1880 metmuseum.org www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/11112 Over and over again he sang it, making slight changes in the melody. The rest listened to him intently; no sign of approval or disapproval escaped their lips or appeared on their faces. All at once, when his refrain had struck the right response in their hearts, his group took it up, and shortly half a thousand voices were upraised extemporizing a half dissonant middle part and bass. It was a picturesque scene these dark men, with their white eyes and teeth and full red lips, crouching over a smoldering camp-fire, in dusky shadow, with only the feeble rays of the lanterns of the first sergeants and the lights of the candles dimly showing through the tents. The sound was as weird as the scene, when all the voices struck the low E (last note but one), held it, and then rose to A with a portamento as sonorous as it was clumsy. Until we fought the battle of the crater they sang this every night to the exclusion of all other songs.- Battles & Leaders V. 4 archive.org pp. 563-564 archive.org archive.org/stream/battlesleadersof04cent#page/563/mode/1up pp. 563-564 103. TITLE www.storey.com/article/hello-darkness/ ** Songs and laughter heal aching hearts, weary bones 104. Full moon naturalnavigator.com www.naturalnavigator.com/news/2019/10/how-to-tell-if-you-... CF3 17.11 22.45 *** 17:11 FX owls, frogs/frog chorus/summer night ambience insects, crickets over images 104- 109 to 17:43 104. full moon naturalnavigator.com www.naturalnavigator.com/news/2019/10/how-to-tell-if-you-... ** TITLES 105. 3 AM July 23rd 1850, a full moon 106. "The Quarter" of A.S. Dandridge - Leetown, then Va. 107. The morning of the wheat harvest . . . *** 17:27 - hambone and gourd banjo over images 108-118 to 19:10 From the album "Head For The Hills" by Markus James Markus James - gourd banjo Calvin Jackson - hambone youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=gTKE3IaVVmA 17:33 black laughing over images 108-111 to 17:58 Black People Laughing | Try Not To Laugh Challenge youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=dCq_D-vGueM&t=194s 108. As usual, cabins in the Quarter vibrated most of the night with song, dance, and laughter around their fires. 109. Traveling diarists across Virginia reported for decades that the black workers were incredibly fit, slept little, *** 17:44 - FX fire burning, wood crackle over images 110-118 to 19:10 TITLE ** sharing the wee hours in a joyous, private world. montage 110. Camp Fire by Winslow Homer 1880 metmuseum.org www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/11112 clockwise begin lower vieer's right" 110a. & 110b. Negro Life at the South by Eastman Johnson - 1859 New-York Historical Society, The Robert L. Stuart Collection wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negro_Life_at_the_South#/media/File... 110b. Kitchen at Mount Vernon by Eastman Johnson - 1864 - Mount Vernon emuseum.mountvernon.org emuseum.mountvernon.org/objects/6118/kitchen-at-mount-ver... 110c. Dinah by Eastman Johnson - 1867 Gibbes Museum of Art npg.si.edu npg.si.edu/object/npg_2006.007_Gibbes 110d., 110e., 110f. Georgia Geechee Gullah Ring Shouters Plantation Dance ring shout (3 still images) mhenrystl Georgia Geechee Gullah Ring Shouters youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=NQgrIcCtys0 110g. Four Studies of the Head of a Negro by Peter Paul Rubens - 1615 Royal Museum of Fine Arts of Belgium wga.hu www.wga.hu/support/viewer_m/z.html 110h. Uncle Tom and Little Eva by Edwin Long 1866 - Russell-Cotes Art Gallery & Museum commons.wikimedia.org commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Edwin_Longsden_Long_-_Unc... 110i. Head of a Moor by Peter Paul Rubens - 1620 - Hyde Collection uir.unisa.ac.za uir.unisa.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10500/19126/Van%20Haute_... 110j. Negro Life at the South by Eastman Johnson - 1859 New-York Historical Society, The Robert L. Stuart Collection wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negro_Life_at_the_South#/media/File... *** 17:53 - frying bacon over image 111 to 18:16 TITLE ** We're bakin' cakes for the 'morrow 111. Camp Fire by Winslow Homer 1880 metmuseum.org www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/11112 TITLE ** "Mush Cake" "Corn Cake" lard + cornmeal + water salt 112. Camp Fire by Winslow Homer 1880 metmuseum.org www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/11112 113. (Same as 110) begin Bayard ** At four o'clock in the morning smoke was still rising from the huts of the negroes. They have fire during the entire night, and in the hottest season. Often, instead of sleeping, they smoke, sing or converse, without that loss of sleep affecting them. 114. Dance in Congo Square in the late 18th century, artist's conception by E. W. Kemble from a century later wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congo_Square#/media/File:Dancing_in... ** Almost all of them, after a night devoted to pleasure, can take up their labor without 115. Carolus-Duran, l'homme endormi, 1861, hst Musée des beaux-arts de Lille visite du 3 juin 2009 © gaelle kermen 2009 pinterest.com www.pinterest.com/pin/497929302535845386/ ** experiencing that weariness that a white man would feel who had been deprived of his rest. * CHAPTER XXVII at four o'clock in the morning smoke was still rising from the huts of the negroes They have fire during the entire night, and in the hottest season. Often, instead of sleeping, they smoke, sing or converse, without that loss of sleep affecting them. Almost all of them, after a night devoted to pleasure, can take up their labor without experiencing that weariness that a white man would feel who had been deprived of his rest. Bayard, Ferdinand Marie, (1950). "Travels of a Frenchman in Maryland and Virginia, with a description of Philadelphia and Baltimore, in 1791: or, Travels in the interior of the United States, to Bath, Winchester, in the valley of the Shenandoah, etc., etc., during the summer of 1791." Translated by Ben C. McCary. An Arbor, MU: Edwards Brothers. catalog.hathitrust.org catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001263616 * MORE CHAPTER XXVII I set out at four o'clock in the morning in order to be able to be on the mountains before the sun was too high. A light fog cov ered the valley like a transparent veil, and through which appeared the tree tops, the houses of the planters, as well as the huts of the Negroes, from which smoke was still rising. The slaves have fire during the entire night, and in the hottest season. Often, instead of sleeping, they smoke, sing or converse, without that loss of sleep affecting them. Almost all of them, after a night devoted to pleas ure, can take up their labor without experiencing that weariness that a white man would feel who had been deprived of his rest. I found the squirrels wide awake. They were climbing with agility in the largest oaks, taking the precaution to keep the entire thickness of the body of the tree between them and me, whom they looked at from time to time to be sure that I had not gone round their file leader. The instinct of self preservation no doubt sug gested to them that precaution which presents the greatest obsta cles to the hunter; but all that ruse does not preserve them from the shot of the enemy; it has made him only more skillful. In the regions where, as in the Shenandoah Valley, squirrels are very numerous, they are hunted without dogs; but if you want to kill a great number of them, you must get up early in the morn ing and wait for them to return from their nightly wanderings. There are three species of squirrels, the first differs from the one we know in France only in that it is smaller, and the Amer icans call the members of this group Fox-Squirrel; the second, smaller, has grey fur; the third still smaller, but of the same color, is that of the flying squirrels: the latter have two mem branes which they spread out when they spring from one tree to another. The flesh of the grey squirrels is white and tender: they are roasted and seasoned with cream sauce: the furriers buy their skins. p. 96 babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015027057820&vie... END MORE Over images 116-117 ** I never meet a man — unless he is quite old — that he is not whistling ; and the women sing from morning till night. And as to dancing, the hardest day's work does not restrain their desire to indulge in such pastime. Swallow Barn pp. 454 babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.hxqc5z&view=plaint... 116. The Old Plantation. Courtesy of the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, Williamsburg, Va. wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Old_Plantation#/media/File:Slav... ** I never met a negro man — unless he is quite old — that he is not whistling; 117. Georgia Geechee Gullah Ring Shouters Plantation Dance ring shout - youtube.com ** and the women sing from morning till night. 118. Self-Portrait by Eastman Johnson 1865 - Brooklyn Museum brooklynmuseum.org www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/objects/2234 ** And as to dancing, the hardest day's work does not restrain their desire to indulge in such pastime. *** 19:10 - FX cockrell crow over image 119 to 19:12 ** They are great sportsmen, too. ** They angle and haul the seine, and hunt and tend their traps, with a zest that never grows weary. ** Their gayety of heart is constitutional and perennial, and when they are together they are as voluble and noisy. birds. In short, I think them the most good-natured, and happily-constructed human beings I have ever seen. Swallow Barn pp. 454-455 babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.hxqc5z&view=1up&am... ** During the harvest, when their toil is pushed to its utmost, they dance almost the whole night. - Swallow Barn pp. 454-455 119. sunrise over wheat field wallpaperflare.com www.wallpaperflare.com/earth-field-sun-sunbeam-sunrise-wh... *** 19:14 - scythe cutting wheat over images 120-121 to 19:27 120. Men Harvesting Grain with Scythes wisconsinhistory.org www.wisconsinhistory.org/Records/Image/IM59541 121. John Pendleton Kennedy, C.1825 by Philip Tilyard art.com www.art.com/products/p38298748725-sa-i9815433/philip-tily... ** JPK - wrote of life at The Bower that I know well. I have seen that they are also great sportsmen, too. 122. Mending the Net 1882 by Thomas Eakins poulwebb.blogspot.com 1882 Mending the Net watercolour ** They angle and haul the seine, and hunt and tend their traps, *** 19:37 - Shana Aisenberg banjo over images 123-128 123. possum Swallow Barn p. 405 babel.hathitrust.org babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.hxqc5z&view=1up&am... ** with a zest that never grows weary. 124. The Dancing Boy - 1878 by Thomas Eakins poulwebb.blogspot.com poulwebb.blogspot.com/2012/07/thomas-eakins-part-2.html ** Their gaiety of heart is constitutional and perennial, and when they are together they are voluble and noisy. In short, I think them the most good-natured, and happily-constructed human beings I have ever seen. 125. Uncle Tom and Little Eva by Edwin Longsden Long - 1866 Russell-Cotes Art Gallery & Museum, Bournemouth wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncle_Tom_and_Little_Eva_(painting) END JPK QUOTE INSERT PAULING DEAR FRANK, 126. The Banjo Lesson 1893 by Henry Ossawa Tanner wikiart.org www.wikiart.org/en/henry-ossawa-tanner/the-banjo-lesson-1893 Over images 126-133 ** They are by far the most musical of any portion of the inhabitants of the United States, and in the evening I have seen them reclining in their boats on the canal at Richmond, playing on the banjo, and singing in a style — I dare say, equal to a Venetian Gondolier. Then they whistle as clear as the notes of the fife and their laugh is the very echo of hilarity. Paulding, James Kirke. (1817) "Letters from the South, written during an excursion in the summer of 1816." New York, Published by James Eastburn & co. p. 118 archive.org archive.org/details/lettersfromsouth01paul/page/118/mode/1up ** They are by far the most musical of any portion of the inhabitants of the United States, and in the evening I have seen them playing on the banjo, and singing in a style — I dare say, equal to a Venetian Gondolier. 127. African American man singing New Light Temple Baptist Church (Pittsburgh, PA) Jubilee Choir 1997 - youtube.com 20:08 over image 128 to 20:15 The Best Singing Gondolier at the Venetian, Las Vegas - Tino! youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=TCrsWf2x5cA 128. Venetian ethnicepicurenyc.com www.ethnicepicurenyc.com/culture-performances/2017/2/2/it... 129. James Kirke Paulding ** Then they whistle as clear as the notes of the fife ; *** 20:20 - fife by Kellerman and whistle by Bobbe McFerren over images 130-131 to 20:58 130. Irish Hornpipes - Wouter Kellerman on Fife - The Live Sessions (Part 1) youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q4Ak4FynFYE 131 DontWorryBeHappy #Vevo Bobby McFerrin - Don't Worry Be Happy (Official Video) youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-diB65scQU *** 20:58 - people laughing over images 132-133 to 21:19 Black People Laughing | Try Not To Laugh Challenge youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=dCq_D-vGueM&t=194s 132. James Kirke Paulding ** and their laugh is the very echo of hilarity. 133. Four Studies of the Head of a Negro (black) by Peter Paul Rubens wga.hu www.wga.hu/support/viewer_m/z.html *** 21:25 - Shana Aisenberg banjo over images 133-141 to 22:35 ** and their laugh is the very echo of hilarity. END PAULDING ** He will make himself happy in the traps that have been laid for him; he will roll in their nets and sleep. All doors will fly open to him 134. Jacob Jordaens, Study of a Black Man’s Head (ca. 1620). Medium and size unknown. Formerly New York, Estate of Jacob Goldschmidt; present location unknown OTHER SOURCE OF ART AFRICAN Black tronies in seventeenth-centur y Flemish ar t and the African presence uir.unisa.ac.za uir.unisa.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10500/19126/Van%20Haute_... ** who has a mildness more defiant than mere courage. 135. Barroom Dancing by John Lewis Krimmel - 1828 - Library of Congress - commons.wikimedia.org commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Barroom_Dancing_by_John_L... ** He will be always "taken in." To be taken in everywhere is to see 136. The Banjo Lesson 1893 by Henry Ossawa Tannerwikiart.org wikiart.org www.wikiart.org/en/henry-ossawa-tanner/the-banjo-lesson-1893 ** the inside of everything. SOURCE on the greenhorn G.K. Chesterton Pick Papers notes gkc.org.uk www.gkc.org.uk/gkc/books/CD-1.html#IV 137. Thoughts of Liberia - Emancipation by Edward White 1861 - New York Historical Society wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_White#/media/File:'Thoughts_o... 137a. You sang 137b. away 137c. being owned You sang away being owned 138. Four Studies of the Head of a Negro by Peter Paul Rubens wga.hu www.wga.hu/support/viewer_m/z.html 139 Four Studies of the Head of a Negro by Peter Paul Rubens wga.hu www.wga.hu/support/viewer_m/z.html 140 Georgia Geechee Gullah Ring Shouters Plantation Dance ring shout (3 still images) mhenrystl Georgia Geechee Gullah Ring Shouters youtube.com www.youtube.com/watch?v=NQgrIcCtys0 141 full moon naturalnavigator.com www.naturalnavigator.com/news/2019/10/how-to-tell-if-you-... JPK Their fondness for music and dancing is a predominant passion. I never meet a negro man — unless he is quite old — that he is not whistling ; and the women sing from morning till night. And as to dancing, the hardest day's work does not restrain their desire to indulge in such pastime. During the harvest, when their toil is pushed to its utmost — the time being one of recognized privileges — they dance almost the whole night. They are great sportsmen, too. They angle and haul the seine, and hunt and tend their traps, with a zest that never grows weary. Their gayety of heart is constitutional and perennial, and when they are together they are voluble and noisy. In short, I think them the most good-natured, careless, light-hearted, and happily-constructed human beings I have ever seen. Swallow Barn pp. 454 babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.hxqc5z&view=plaint...



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