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July 17 in History -- In 1821, Spain, Defeated in First Seminole War, Cedes Florida to the United States

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posted by Latin American Herald Tribune alias Latin American Herald Tribune on Sunday 17th of July 2011 03:57:36 AM

77 years later, in 1898, Spain is again defeated, this time in Cuba, surrendering on this day in Santiago, Cuba. In 180 - Christenen Cittinus/Donatus/Natzalus/Secunda/Speratus/Vestia sentenced to death in Carthago 180 - Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa are executed for being Christians. This is the earliest record of Christianity in that part of the world. 561 - John III begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Pelagius I 855 - St Leo IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope 1054 - Emperor Henry III crowns his son Henry IV king 1070 - Arnulf III the Hapless becomes earl of Flanders 1203 - Venetianen conquer Constantinople, emperor Alexius III flees 1245 - Pope bans emperor Frederik II Hohenstaufen for 3rd time 1393 - Osmanen occupy Turnovo, Bulgaria 1429 - Dauphin crowned king of France 1453 - 1st battle at Castillon: French beat English troops 1473 - Charles the Stout conquerors Nijmegen 1509 - Venice recaptures Padua 1549 - Jews are expelled from Ghent Belgium 1552 - Siena drives Spanish troops out of Verdun 1583 - Spanish & Walloon troops conquer Dunkerk 1585 - English secret service discovers Anthony Babingtons murder plot against queen Elizabeth I 1596 - At 10:30AM Dutch explorer Willem Barents arrives at Novaya Zemlya 1603 - Sir Walter Ralegh arrested 1686 - A meeting takes place at Lüneburg between several Protestant powers in order to discuss the formation of an 'evangelical' league of defence, called the 'Confederatio Militiae Evangelicae', against the Catholic League. 1712 - England, Portugal & France sign ceasefire [or 19th] 1727 - Simon van Slingelandt appointed Dutch pension advisor 1740 - Prospero Lambertini chosen Pope Benedictus XIV 1762 - Catherine II becomes tsar of Russia upon the murder of Peter III of Russia. 1774 - Capt Cook arrives at New Hebrides (Vanuata) 1775 - 1st military hospital approved 1788 - Russian fleet destroys Swedish 1791 - Members of the French National Guard under the command of General Lafayette open fire on a crowd of radical Jacobins at the Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution, killing as many as 50 people. 1794 - African Church of St Thomas in Philadelphia, dedicated 1794 - Richard Allen organizes Phila's Bethel African Meth Episcopal Church 1815 - Napoleonic Wars: In France, Napoleon surrenders at Rochefort, Charente-Maritime to British forces. 1821 - Spain cedes Florida to US 1841 - British humor magazine "Punch" 1st published 1850 - Harvard Observatory takes 1st photograph of a star (Vega) 1856 - Sunday school excursion train collides killing 46 children (Phila) 1856 - The Great Train Wreck of 1856 occurs in Fort Washington, Pennsylvania killing over 60 people. 1861 - Congress authorizes paper money 1861 - Manassas, VA Gen Beauregard requests reinforcements for his 22,000 men, Gen Johnston is ordered to Manassas 1862 - Naval Engagement at Pascagoula River MS: USS Potomac Expedition 1862 - US army authorized to accept blacks as laborers 1862 - United army officially divides corps 1862 - R John Hunt Morgan:Cynthiana, KY CS24 US17 Skirmish at Columbia, TN 1863 - Battle of Honey Springs - largest battle in Indian Territory 1864 - CSA President Davis replaces Gen Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood 1866 - Italian fleet under adm Persano capture Austrian Fort Lissa 1867 - 1st US dental school, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, established 1879 - 1st railroad opens in Hawaii 1890 - Cecil Rhodes becomes premier of Cape colony 1893 - Arthur Shrewsbury is 1st to score 1,000 runs in Test Cricket 1897 - 1st ship arrives in Seattle carrying gold from Yukon 1898 - Spanish American War-Spaniards surrender to US at Santiago Cuba 1900 - NY Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Bkln Superbas 1902 - Orioles forfeit to St Louis having only 5 players available to play they then forfeit their franchise back to the AL 1911 - Overthrown shah of Persia Mohammed Ali lands on Astrabad with army 1912 - IAF (Intl Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden 1914 - Giants outfielder Red Murray is knocked unconscious by lightning after catching a flyball, ending 21 inning game, Giants win 3-1 1915 - Italian offensive at Isonzo 1917 - British Royal family changes its name from Hanover to Windsor 1918 - Longest errorless game, Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 21 innings 1919 - Finland adopts constitution 1919 - Yanks 21 hits, Browns 17 hits Browns win 7-6 in 17, on squeeze play 1922 - Curacao harbor workers begin strike under Felix Chacuto 1922 - Ty Cobb gets 5 hits in a game for record 4th time in a year 1923 - Carl Mays gave up 13 runs & 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Indians 1924 - St Louis Card Jesse Haines no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0 1925 - Tris Speaker, is 5th to get 3,000 hits 1926 - Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:11.4) 1929 - USSR drops diplomatic relations with China 1933 - After successfully crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the Lithuanian research aircraft Lituanica crashes in Europe under mysterious circumstances. 1934 - Babe Ruth draws his 2,000th base on balls at Cleveland 1935 - Variety's famous headline "Sticks Nix Hick Pix" 1936 - Carl Hubbell begins winning streak, beating Pittsburgh 6-0 1936 - Military uprising under Gen Franco/begins Spanish civil war 1938 - Douglas (Wrong Way) Corrigan leaves NY for LA, wound up in Ireland 1939 - 22nd PGA Championship: Henry Picard at Pomonok CC Flushing NY 1941 - NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak ends in Cleveland 1942 - 3' of rain falls on Pennsylvania, flooding kills 15 1942 - Estimated 34.5" (87.5 cm) of rainfall, Smethport, Pa (state record) 1942 - Transport nr 6 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany 1943 - RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde 1944 - 2 ammunition ships explodes at Port Chicago, California kills 322 1944 - Russian troops cross river Bug/march into Poland 1945 - Potsdam Conference (FDR, Stalin, Churchill) holds 1st meeting 1948 - Israeli army captures Nazareth 1948 - Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea 1950 - Indonesian troops land on Buru, South-Molukka 1951 - King Leopold II of Belgium gives up throne to son Boudouin I 1951 - Western New England College in Springfield, Massachusetts is chartered. 1952 - Shah of Persia named Ghavam Sultaneh premier 1954 - 1st major league game where majority of team is black (Dodgers) 1954 - Construction begins on Disneyland. . . 1954 - Theodor Heuss re-elected president of West Germany 1955 - Disneyland opens its doors in rural Orange County 1955 - Arco Idaho becomes 1st US city lit by nuclear power 1955 - Disneyland televises its grand opening in Anaheim, California. 1958 - King Hussein declares himself head of Jordan/Iraqi federation 1958 - Peter Shaffer's "Five Finger Exercise," premieres in London 1958 - US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Enwetak 1959 - 2,000 ft long by 1,300 foot wide section of ridge falls into Madis 1959 - Dr Leakey discovers oldest human skull (600,000 years old) 1959 - Tibet abolishes serfdom 1959 - River Canyon extending man-made Lake Hebgen by 5 miles. (Montana) 1961 - John Chancellor becomes news anchor of Today Show 1961 - Roger Maris loses a HR (of his 61) due to a rain-out in 5th 1961 - Ford Frick rules that if anyone breaks Babe Ruth 60 HR record, it must be done in 1st 154 games 1962 - East Berliner Peter Fechter flees over Berlin Wall 1962 - Robert White in X-15 sets altitude record of 108 km (354,300 ft) 1962 - Senate rejects medicare for aged 1962 - US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site 1963 - Telstar soccer team forms in Ijmuiden 1964 - Don Campbell sets record for turbine vehicle, 690.91 kph (429.31 mph) 1964 - Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site 1965 - WLCY (now WTSP) TV channel 10 in St Petersburg-Tampa, FL (ABC) begins 1966 - "It's a Bird... It's Superman" closes at Alvin NYC after 129 perfs 1966 - Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open 1966 - Indians set club record by hitting 7 HR in 15-2 win over Detroit 1966 - Jim Ryun sets mile record (3m51s3) 1966 - Pioneer 7 launched 1967 - Monkees perform at Forest Hills NY, Jimi Hendrix is opening act 1967 - Race riots in Cairo Illinois 1968 - Beatle's animated film "Yellow Submarine" premieres in London 1968 - Revolt in Iraq 1970 - 30,000 attend Randall's Island Rock Festival, NYC 1971 - Kathy Whitworth/Judy Kimball wins LPGA Four-Ball Golf Championship 1972 - 1st 2 women begin training as FBI agents at Quantico 1973 - Military coup in Afghanistan; King Mohammad Zahir Shah flees 1974 - 1st quadrophonic studio in UK is open by Moody Blues 1974 - Bob Gibson becomes 2nd pitcher to strike-out 3,000 (Cesar Geronimo) 1974 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island 1974 - John Lennon is ordered to leave US in 60 days 1975 - Apollo 18 & Soyuz 19 make 1st US/USSR linkup in space 1975 - Ringo Starr & Maureen Cox divorce 1976 - 21st modern Olympic games opens in Montreal 1976 - Indonesian president Suharto annexes East Timor 1976 - The opening of the Summer Olympics is marred by 25 African teams boycotting the New Zealand team. 1977 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic 1978 - NY Yank manager Billy Martin & Reggie Jackson fight in dug out 1978 - Reggie Jackson refusal to bunt causes mgr Billy Martin to suspend him 1979 - 50th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-6 at Kingdome, Seattle 1979 - All star MVP: Dave Parker (Pitts Pirates) 1979 - David Gower 200* in England score of 5-633 v India at Edgbaston 1979 - Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza flees to Miami 1979 - Sebastian Coe runs world record 3:49 mile in Oslo 1979 - Simone Veil becomes chairman of European Parliament 1980 - Bolivian military coup; general Garcia Meza becomes president 1980 - Ronald Reagan formally accepts Republican nomination for president 1980 - Zenko Suzuki becomes premier of Japan 1981 - "This is Burlesque" closes at Princess Theater NYC after 28 perfs 1981 - Humbar Estuary Bridge, UK, world's longest span (1.4 km), opens 1981 - Israeli bombers destroy PLO/al-Fatah headquarters in Beirut 1981 - Lobby Walkways at KC's Hyatt Regency collapse 114 die, 200 injured 1981 - USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 1981 - Fulton County (Atlanta) grand jury indicts Wayne B William 23 year old photographers, for murder of 2 of 28 blacks killed in Atlanta 1983 - 112th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 275 at Royal Birkdale 1983 - 1st USFL championship (Mich Panthers beats Phila Stars 24-22) 1983 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA McDonald's Kids Golf Classic 1984 - Pierre Mauroy resigns as premier of France 1984 - Soyuz T-12 carries 3 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 7 1986 - Emmy 13th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 7th time 1987 - "Les Miserables," opens at Imperial Theatre, Tokyo 1987 - 10 teens die in Guadalupe River flood (Comfort, Tx) 1987 - Don Mattingly is 2nd to hit HRs in 7 straight AL games (en route to 8) 1987 - Dow Jones closes above 2,500 (2,510.04) for 1st time 1987 - Iran & France breaks diplomatic relations 1988 - 117th British Golf Open: Seve Ballesteros shoots 273 at Royal Lytham 1988 - 4 Billion tv-viewers watch Mandela's 70th Birthday Tribute 1988 - Colleen Walker wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic 1988 - Florence Griffith Joyner of USA sets 100m woman's record (10.49) 1988 - Highest temperature ever recorded in San Francisco, 103°F (39°C) 1989 - 1st Test flight of US stealth-bomber 1989 - Paul McCartney releases "This One" 1989 - Reds reliever Kent Tekulve retires after 1,070 appearances 1990 - Hussein's Revolutionary Day speech claims Kuwait stole oil from Iraq 1990 - NY Yankee Deion Sanders hits an inside park homer 1990 - PLO-leader Jasser Arrafat marries Soha Tawil in Tunis 1990 - Minn Twins become 1st team to turn 2 triple plays in a game but lose to Boston Red Sox 1-0 1992 - Slovak parliament asks for self rule 1993 - Graeme Obree bicycles world record time, 51,596 km 1994 - 123rd British Golf Open: Nick Price shoots a 268 at Turnberry Scotland 1994 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic 1994 - Brazil beats Italy in a shoot out, for their 4th soccer world cup 1994 - French youngster (4) becomes Buddhist Lama Tulkou Kalou Rinpoche 1994 - Hulk Hogan beats Ric Flair to win WCW wrestling championship 1995 - Forbes Mag announces Bill Gates is the richest man in world ($12.9B) 1996 - 230 people die when TWA 800 crashes outside of NYC 1996 - Yank John Weteland blows save after record 24 consecutive saves 1996 - TWA Flight 800: Off the coast of Long Island, New York, a Paris-bound TWA Boeing 747 explodes, killing all 230 on board. 1997 - STS 94 (Columbia 23), lands 1998 - Russia buries tsar Nicholas II & family, 80 years after they died 2005 - Tiger Woods wins his 10th major winning The British Open Championship by 5 strokes. Woods becomes only the second golfer, after Jack Nicklaus, to win each major more than once 2007 - TAM Airlines (TAM Linhas Aéreas) Flight 3054 crashes upon landing during rain in São Paulo. This is Brazil's deadliest aviation accident to date with an estimated 199 deaths. 2009 - Jakarta double bombings at the JW Marriott and Ritz-Carlton Hotels killed 9 people including 4 foreigners.



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