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Gilbert Jackson Marbury - Drummer - Co. H, 22nd N.Y. State Militia - Harpers Ferry - 1862

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posted by Paul Taylor alias civilwar3dhighdefwidescreen on Tuesday 28th of August 2018 07:09:45 AM

Description: 3D red cyan anaglyph from NARA 111-B-5497 - the file was NARA's standard medium res file, but posted in tif format on Wikimedia Commons. NARA Title: "Gilbert A. Marbury, Drummer" Date: June - August 1862 Notes: The NARA title has the middle initial as "A" but if you flip the original negative horizontally, the name scratched on the reverse appears as Gilbert J. Marbury, which matches the name on the NARA index card for his compiled service record. The index card also includes the following information: Co. H, 22nd N.Y. State Militia, 3 Months 1862, Drummer. According to a regimental history, the 22nd N.Y. Militia was originally the "Union Grays," a self-equipped and armed "home guard" formed by the managers of the banks and insurance companies to protect the City of New York, after the war broke out in April 1861. Co. H of the 22nd had its origins as the "City Cadets" formed from members of a social organization called the "White Ball Club." The history states: "The club was remarkable for nothing more than the social standing of its members, who were among the jeunesse doree [young people of wealth, fashion, and flair] of that period." Among those who joined in April 1861 was Francis F. Marbury, the father of the drummer pictured here; he also served in the 22nd - but as a private in Co. C. In May 1862, after a series of Union setbacks, the history states that Secretary of War Stanton appealed to the loyal states for additional troops and on May 28, 1862, the 22nd was ordered to Baltimore. It was in Baltimore, on June 18, 1862, that the 600 members of the regiment finally "took the oath" and were mustered into the U.S. army for three months service. On June 20, 1862, the 22nd left Baltimore by train for Harper's Ferry, the trip taking 24 hours. In Harper's Ferry the history states, "the regiment marched through the war-worn and dilapidated town, thence up a steep and winding road, passed the scattered and deserted houses on the outskirts, and beyond the earth works on Bolivar Heights....Finally, the regiment reached a plateau three miles beyond the Heights...where it encamped." This camp was soon relocated closer to the other troops, when it was realized how exposed their position was. From the history, "the regiment then pitched a new camp, known as "Camp Aspinwall," on the slope of the hill known as " Camp Hill," inside of Bolivar Heights, upon which heights they remained during the rest of their enlistment." So, Bolivar Heights is where I think this image was taken. I should note, however, that I recently found a stereo card of three soldiers posing at this same exact spot - same cannon and tree in the background - where on the reverse it says the location is Maryland Heights. I don't think that's correct, based on the quote above from the history, and many visits of my own to Maryland Heights over the last 40 years. While on Bolivar Heights, the 22nd constructed breastworks, and I'm guessing it's those same breastworks that you see in the background of this image. In 2D what might appear to be a long sloping distant ridge, can in 3D be readily seen to be earth works, just a few yards beyond the cannon. At Harper's Ferry, the 3 months enlistment of the 22nd ended on August 28, and they were ordered to return to New York, arriving back on Sept 2, 1862. If they had stayed just a couple weeks more, the 22nd would have been captured by the Confederates, when Colonel Miles surrendered the Union garrison to Stonewall Jackson on September 15, 1862. From the history, "...the town with 1 1,500 men, 73 cannon and all its vast amount of ammunition and military stores was basely abandoned to the Confederates, giving them the very things they most wanted to oppose McClellan. Some of the guns which were behind the breastworks were used against the Union forces until they were finally surrendered at Appomattox.* Perhaps the cannon in this image was one of those guns. In the 22nd regimental history, "Gilbert J. Marbury - Drummer" is listed on the rolls of Co. H, but there is no indication that he continued to serve with the 22nd regiment after the 3 months enlistment ended. In Appendix IV, however, of 22nd members who served in the field in other regiments during the Civil War, is one last reference to him. Like the NARA title, they seemed to have had difficulty, on this page, getting that middle initial down correctly - but it's obviously the same man: "Company H...Gilbert G. Marbury, Private. Entered U. S. Navy as Captain's Clerk." -------------------------- Postscript: Over the course of several weeks spent restoring the NARA file, I got curious as to what happened to Gilbert Marbury after the Civil War. So, I searched all the U.S. census from 1860 to 1910 to see what else I could find on him. There is only one likely candidate in the 1860 census, where he is listed in New York, Ward 18, District 3, as Gilbert Marbury, age 14, born in New York, living with his parents. His father is listed as FF Marbury, lawyer, age 40, and his mother's name is listed as Elizabeth, age 38. There are 5 children in the family. The 1870 census has similar information, Gilbert is still living with his parents in New York City, age 24, with no listed occupation. The 1870 census is, however, the last census I could find him in. He is not in the 1880 census, 1890 census of veterans, the 1900 or 1910 census; an indication, perhaps, that he never obtained a ripe old age. I next searched the digital newspaper collection at Library of Congress for any mention of his name in the New York papers after 1865. I found only one in the New York Herald - a Nov 14, 1877 Naval report that, "Captain's Clerk - Gilbert J. Marbury," was leaving the next day aboard the United States steamer Plymouth for St. Thomas, West Indies, San Juan, and other southern destinations. That was it for the New York state papers, but a wider search of newspapers in all states then turned up the following in the "Army and Navy Journal," page 658, dated March 8, 1879: "Died, Marbury - at Rio de Janeiro, Jan 28th, of yellow fever, in his 34th year, Gilbert Jackson, son of Francis F. and Elizabeth McCoan Marbury." On page 550 was another obituary for him, with a summary of his naval service and some general comments on his character: "Mr. Gilbert J Marbury, who departed this life on the 28th of January, at Rio de Janeiro, was a son of Counsellor F. F. Marbury, of New York. Mr. Marbury began his naval career in 1865, as Captain's Clerk to Commander Henry Erben, then on duty in the South Atlantic. He subsequently served in the Mediterranean with Captain Temple; then with Captain Braine on the expedition in search of the Polar explorers. He was also with Captain Barreit in the West Indies and up the Mississippi river, being attached to the Plymouth, the first war vessel which passed through E[??]s' Jetties. Mr. Marbury's last service was with Capt. Harmony. His knowledge of the regulations and customs of the Navy made him a valuable assistant. He was a courteous, affable, and considerate gentleman, who was much respected and liked by his shipmates." One last article turned up from the Library of Congress digital newspaper collection, from the "Ledger-Standard," dated Feb 5, 1880, which ran an account of a New Yorker, who traveled to Brazil in Dec 1879, "for the purpose of looking up the graves of our naval folks." He visited the, "Ponta de Caja" which he stated was "Rio's congressional burying ground," and there found the grave of Gilbert J. Marbury. On the headstone was the marking "S. P.," which he explained meant an extra sum had been paid for perpetual care, without which an ordinary payment would only insure a resting place for five years. -------------- Red/Cyan (not red/blue) glasses of the proper density must be used to view 3D effect without ghosting. Anaglyph prepared using red cyan glasses from The Center For Civil War Photography / Civil War Trust.

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  • Published 08.13.22
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