Architecture Tao House 2

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Tao House 2

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posted by Wayne Hsieh alias www78 on Wednesday 14th of February 2018 08:03:28 PM

Eugene O'Neill is a famed American playwright of the 1920s best known for his plays the Iceman Cometh and Long Day's Journey into Night. Most of his works are tragedies dealing with disillusionment and despair. O'Neill is the only American playwright to win the Nobel Prize in Literature and is a winner of multiple Pulitzer Prizes. Born in Times Square in New York City, O'Neill had a childhood in a family marred by addiction and alcoholism. He joined Princeton University, only to drop out after a year, supposedly for throwing a bottle through the window of Professor (and future President) Woodrow Wilson. Coming down with tuberculosis, he entered a sanitarium in 1912 and began to write plays. After another year in Harvard, Eugene O'Neill began to hang around Greenwich Village, befriending Communist Party of America founder John Reed and briefly having a relationship with writer Louise Bryant (also Reed's wife). His first written play, "Bound East for Cardiff", was released around 1916 and proved to be quite popular in the Greenwich scene. In 1920 O'Neill published his first play, "Beyond the Horizon", to great acclaim. It would win the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. The same year the "Emperor Jones", criticizing the American occupation of Haiti, was released, becoming a massive box-office success. A rapid succession of successful plays followed, "Anna Christie" (1922) and "Strange Interludes" (1928) winning Pulitzer Prizes for Drama. In 1936 Eugene O'Neill won the Nobel Prize in Literature. With his Nobel Prize money, Eugene O'Neill moved to Danville, California and built the Tao House. The two-story mansion has an extensive Asian motif. Believing it to be his "final home and harbor", O'Neill wrote three of his best-known plays here: "The Iceman Cometh", "Long Day's Journey Into Night", "Hughie", and "A Moon for the Misbegotten". O'Neill only stayed seven years, until Parkinson-like tremors and rationing during WWII forced him to retire to Boston. The Tao House was saved from demolition in 1970 by the Eugene O’Neill Foundation, became a National Historic Site in 1976 and given to the National Park Service in 1980. Hidden in the wealthy suburb of Danville and accessible only by weekend shuttle, the tiny park is now one of the least visited National Parks in the United States, with around 4000 visitors a year. Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site, Danville, California

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